Where: Diana, Madagascar (13.2° S, 49.1° E: paleocoordinates 44.3° S, 41.8° E)
• coordinate estimated from map
• small collection-level geographic resolution
When: Middle Sakamena Formation, Induan to Induan (252.2 - 247.2 Ma)
• "All previously described tetrapod specimens from the Diego Basin have been collected from the 'Couches à Poissons et Ammonites' (Besairie 1971) suggesting that the material described herein also pertains to this horizon, though this cannot be stated with absolute certainty." The "Couches à Poissons et Ammonites" are equivalent to the Middle Sakamena Formation of the Morondava Basin. "Biostratigraphical correlations based on ammonite faunas indicate referral of the 'Couches à Poissons et Ammonites' to the local Gyronitien Stage (Besairie 1971), which is equivalent to the Induan Stage of the Lower Triassic. This conclusion is supported by comparisons between the vertebrate faunas of Madagascar and the African mainland, which suggest that the Middle Sakamena Formation is intermediate in age between the Lystrosaurus and Cynognathus Assemblage Zones (Battail et al. 1987). Palynological data is also consistent with these interpretations (Wescott and Diggens 1998)." (Ketchum & Barrett, 2004. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 41:1-8).
•"The presence of Magniestheria truempyi in the same formation (Shen et al., 2002) indicates an Early Smithian (Olenekian, Early Triassic) age by correlation with the well-constrained Triassic strata of the Germanic Basin (Kozur and Weems, 2010)." (Falconnet et al. 2010. Comptes Rendus Palevol 11:357-369)
•Given the conflicting suggestions of an Induan or early Olenekian age, an Induan–Smithian range is given here.
• bed-level stratigraphic resolution
Environment/lithology: deltaic; nodular siliciclastic sediments
Size class: macrofossils
Reposited in the MNHN
Primary reference: J.-P. Lehman. 1966. Nouveaux Stégocéphales de Madagascar. Annales de Paléontologie (Vertébrés) 52:117-139 [R. Butler/R. Butler]more details
Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis
PaleoDB collection 144086: authorized by Richard Butler, entered by Richard Butler on 30.04.2013
Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)