Dominican amber (Wunderlich collection) (Miocene to of Dominican Republic)

Where: Dominican Republic (19.6° N, 70.8° W: paleocoordinates 19.4° N, 69.6° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Burdigalian to Burdigalian (20.4 - 13.8 Ma)

• Age controversial, with the youngest proposed age of 20-15 mya based on foraminifera and the oldest as 45-30 mya based on coccoliths. Most of the amber is secondarily deposited in turbiditic sandstones.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; amber

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: soft parts, original chitin, amber

Reposited in the SMF

• Repository: Private collection of J. Wunderlich (type and figured specimens donated to SMF)

Primary reference: J. Wunderlich. 1982. Die häufigsten Spinnen (Araneae) des Dominikanischen Bernsteins. Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 1:26-45 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 146557: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Annabelle Louderback on 27.06.2013, edited by Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hymenoptera - Apidae
Trigona dominicana12 Wille and Chandler 1964 stingless bee
 Hymenoptera - Bethylidae
Goniozus respectus n. sp.8 Sorg 1988 flat wasp
Anisepyris gradatus n. sp.8 Sorg 1988 flat wasp
Epyrinae indet.8 Kieffer 1914 flat wasp
 Coleoptera - Staphylinidae
? Neuraphes fossilis n. sp.2 Franz 1983 antlike stone beetle
Euconnus sp.2 Thomson 1859 antlike stone beetle
Homoconnus conservatus n. sp.2 Franz 1983 antlike stone beetle
 Strepsiptera - Myrmecolacidae
Stichotrema aff. beckeri4 de Oliveira and Kogan 1959 twisted-winged parasite
Arachnida
 Araneae - Palpimanidae
Otiothops "sp. a"12 MacLeay 1839 spider
Otiothops "sp. b"12 MacLeay 1839 spider
 Araneae - Telemidae
? Telema moritzi n. sp.14 Wunderlich 2004 long-legged cave spider
F484, F485/BB/AR/TEL/CJW
 Araneae - Uloboridae
Miagrammopes dominicanus n. sp.15 Wunderlich 2004 hackled orb-weaver
F104, F105/DB/AR/ULO/CHW
 Araneae - Selenopidae
Selenops "sp.1"12 Latreille 1819 wall crab spiders
Selenops "sp.2"12 Latreille 1819 wall crab spiders
Selenops dominicanus n. sp.16 Wunderlich 2004 wall crab spiders
F932/DB/AR/SEL/CJW
Selenops beynai12 Schawaller 1984 wall crab spiders
 Araneae - Philodromidae
Philodromidae indet.12 Thorell 1870 spider
 Araneae - Miturgidae
Strotarchus heidti12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
 Araneae - Clubionidae
"Clubionoides nutua n. sp." = Elaver nutua12
"Clubionoides nutua n. sp." = Elaver nutua12 Wunderlich 1988 sac spider
 Araneae - Corinnidae
Megalostrata grandis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Corinna flagelliformis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Castianeira tenebricosa n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Chemmisomma dubia n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
 Araneae - Liocranidae
? Liocranidae indet.12 Simon 1897 spider
 Araneae - Anyphaenidae
"Teudis ligula n. sp." = Lupettiana ligula12, "Aysha bulla n. sp." = Anyphaenoides bulla12, Wulfila spinipes n. sp.12
"Teudis ligula n. sp." = Lupettiana ligula12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
"Aysha bulla n. sp." = Anyphaenoides bulla12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Wulfila spinipes n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
 Araneae - Salticidae
Salticidae indet.12 Blackwall 1841 spider
Lyssomanes pristinus n. sp.10 Wunderlich 1986 spider
Lyssomanes pulcher n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Lyssomanes sp. in Wunderlich 1986
? Descangeles "sp.1"12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
? Descangeles "sp.2"12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Descangeles pygmaeus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
? Pensacolatus sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Pensacolatus spinipes n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Pensacolatus coxalis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
? Pensacolatus tibialis n. sp.17 Wunderlich 2004 spider
F324/DB/AR/SAL/JCW
Corythalia scissa n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Corythalia ocululiter n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Corythalia pilosa n. sp. Wunderlich 1982 spider
? Descanso sp.12 Peckham and Peckham 1892 spider
Salticidae sp. in Wunderlich 1986
Phlegrata pala n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
 Araneae - Trochanteriidae
Veterator "sp.1"12 Petrunkevitch 1963 spider
Veterator "sp.2"12 Petrunkevitch 1963 spider
Veterator ascutum n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Veterator viduus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Veterator loricatus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Veterator longipes n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Veterator angustus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Veterator porrectus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Veterator incompletus n. sp. Wunderlich 1982 spider
 Araneae - Gnaphosidae
Scopoides dominicanus n. sp.18 Wunderlich 2011 spider
F2214/DB/AR/CJW
Drassyllinus aliter n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
 Araneae - Dictynidae
Succinyna pulcher n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Succinyna longembolus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Succinyna spinipalpus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
? Palaeolathys sp.12 Wunderlich 1986 spider
Palaeolathys similis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Palaeolathys quadruplex n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
? Palaeolathys circumductus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Palaeodictyna unispina n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
? Palaeodictyna singularis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Palaeodictyna intermedia n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Palaeodictyna longispina n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Palaeodictyna termitophila n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Palaeodictyna spiculum n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
? Hispaniolyna hirsuta n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Hispaniolyna magna12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
 Araneae - Pisauridae
Pisauridae indet.12 Simon 1890 spider
 Araneae - Oxyopidae
Oxyopes sp.12 Latreille 1804 spider
Oxyopes defectus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
 Araneae - Thomisidae
Thomisidae indet.12 Sundevall 1833 crab spider
Heterotmarus altus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 crab spider
Fossile Krabbenspinne (Thomisidae) Wunderlich 1986
 Araneae - Oecobiidae
Oecobius piliformis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 wall spider
 Araneae - Hersiliidae
Prototama sp.1, "Tama minor n. sp." = Prototama minor11, "Tama maior n. sp." = Prototama maior12, "Tama media n. sp." = Prototama media12, Fictotama maculosa n. sp.18
Prototama sp.1 Petrunkevitch 1971 tree trunk spider
"Tama minor n. sp." = Prototama minor11 Wunderlich 1987 tree trunk spider
SMF 38231; Tama sp. in Wunderlich 1986
"Tama maior n. sp." = Prototama maior12 Wunderlich 1988 tree trunk spider
SMF 38230
"Tama media n. sp." = Prototama media12 Wunderlich 1988 tree trunk spider
SMF 38298
Fictotama maculosa n. sp.18 Wunderlich 2011 tree trunk spider
F2215/DB/AR/CJW
 Araneae - Sparassidae
"? Tentabuna pfeifferi n. sp." = Pseudosparianthis pfeifferi12
"? Tentabuna pfeifferi n. sp." = Pseudosparianthis pfeifferi12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
 Araneae - Nesticidae
Hispanonesticus latopalpus n. gen. n. sp.10
Hispanonesticus latopalpus n. gen. n. sp.10 Wunderlich 1986 cave cobweb spider
 Araneae - Araneidae
Fossilaraneus incertus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 orb-weaving spider
Araneometa sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 orb-weaving spider
Araneometa herrlingi12 Wunderlich 1988 orb-weaving spider
Araneometa excelsa n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 orb-weaving spider
? Araneus nanus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 orb-weaving spider
Pycnosinga fossilis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 orb-weaving spider
"Cyclosa verrucosa n. sp." = Enacrosoma verrucosa12 Wunderlich 1988 orb-weaving spider
SMF 38274
Nephila tenuis n. sp.10 Wunderlich 1986 golden silk orb-weaver
Nephila breviembolus n. sp.10 Wunderlich 1986 golden silk orb-weaver
Nephila longembolus n. sp.10 Wunderlich 1986 golden silk orb-weaver
Nephila dommeli n. sp. Wunderlich 1982 golden silk orb-weaver
Additional specimens in Wunderlich, 1988 (possibly Dommel, Kollner, and Herrling material?)
Nephila dommeli10 Wunderlich 1982 golden silk orb-weaver
Nephila furca n. sp.10 Wunderlich 1986 golden silk orb-weaver
 Araneae - Tetragnathidae
Homalometa fossilis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
Azilia sp.12 Keyserling 1882 spider
Azilia hispaniolensis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
SMF 38066
Leucauge sp.12 White 1841 spider
Cyrtognatha weitschati12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
 Araneae - Mimetidae
? Mimetus sp.12 Hentz 1832 pirate spider
Mimetus bituberculatus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 pirate spider
SMF 38242, 38271
 Araneae - Theridiidae
? Theridiidae indet.12 Sundevall 1833 cobweb spider
Theridion contrarium12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Theridion variosoma n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
"Theridion ovale n. sp." = Theridion wunderlichi12 Penney 2001 cobweb spider
Theridion inversum n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Theridion erectoides n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Theridion erectum n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Chrosiothes biconigerus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Chrosiothes tumulus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Chrosiothes emulgatus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Chrosiothes curvispinosus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Chrosiothes unicornis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Chrosiothes longispinosus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Chrosiothes monoceros n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
? Lasaeola sp.12 Simon 1881 cobweb spider
Lasaeola pristina n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Lasaeola puta n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
"Dipoena vicina n. sp." = Lasaeola vicina Wunderlich 1982 cobweb spider
Additional specimens in Wunderlich, 1988
Lasaeola vicinoides12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Dipoenata sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Dipoenata clypeata n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Dipoenata stipes n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Dipoenata altioculata n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Dipoenata globulus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Dipoenata cala n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Dipoenata yolandae n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Cornutidion elongatum n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Achaearanea extincta n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Stemmops incertus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Stemmops prominens n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Spintharus longisoma n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
"Argyrodes crassipatellaris n. sp." = Faiditus crassipatellaris12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
SMF 38301; Argyrodes sp. in Wunderlich 1986
Anelosimus clypeatus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Episinus tibiaseta n. sp.18 Wunderlich 2011 cobweb spider
F2213/DB/AR/CJW
Episinus cornutus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Episinus brevipalpus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Episinus tuberosus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Episinus praecognatus n. sp. Wunderlich 1982 cobweb spider
Additional specimens in Wunderlich, 1988
Episinus praecognatus10 Wunderlich 1982 cobweb spider
Argyrodes sp.12 Simon 1864 cobweb spider
Argyrodes parvipatellaris n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Craspedisia sp.12 Simon 1894 cobweb spider
? Chrysso conspicua n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
? Chrysso dubia n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Styposis pholcoides n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 cobweb spider
Additionally F2228/DB/AR/CJW in Wunderlich, 2011
Femurraptor dominicanus n. gen. n. sp.18 Wunderlich 2011 cobweb spider
F433/DB/AR/CJW
 Araneae - Linyphiidae
Meioneta sp.7, "Agyneta fastigata n. sp." = Meioneta fastigata12, "Agyneta bigibber n. sp." = Meioneta bigibber12, "Agyneta separata n. sp." = Meioneta separata12
Meioneta sp.7 Hull 1920 money spider/sheet weaver
"Agyneta fastigata n. sp." = Meioneta fastigata12 Wunderlich 1988 money spider/sheet weaver
SMF 38169
"Agyneta bigibber n. sp." = Meioneta bigibber12 Wunderlich 1988 money spider/sheet weaver
"Agyneta separata n. sp." = Meioneta separata12 Wunderlich 1988 money spider/sheet weaver
SMF 38250
 Araneae - Theridiosomatidae
Theridiosoma incompletum n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 ray spider
 Araneae - Tetrablemmidae
? Monoblemma spinosum n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 armored spider
Monoblemma sp. Wunderlich 1986
 Araneae - Segestriidae
? Ariadna sp.12 Audouin 1826 tube-dwelling spider
Ariadna paucispinosa n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 tube-dwelling spider
 Araneae - Oonopidae
? Opopaea sp.12 Simon 1891 goblin spider
? Heteroonops sp.12 Dalmas 1916 goblin spider
Heteroonops sp.14 Dalmas 1916 goblin spider
F499/BB/AR/OON/CJW
"Gamasomorpha incerta n. sp." = Stenoonops incertus12 Wunderlich 1988 goblin spider
SMF 38226
? Stenoonops rugosus n. sp.14 Wunderlich 2004 goblin spider
F28/BB/AR/OON/CJW
Fossilopaea sulci n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 goblin spider
Orchestina sp.6 Smith 1882 goblin spider
SMF 38171, 38179 (two females, placed in O. domincana by Wunderlich)
Orchestina tibialis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 goblin spider
Orchestina dominicana9 Wunderlich 1981 goblin spider
SMF 38163 (two specimens re-ID as Orchestina sp. by Penney, 2001)
 Araneae - Pholcidae
Modisimus sp.12 Simon 1893 daddy long-legs spider
Modisimus calcar n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 daddy long-legs spider
Modisimus oculatus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 daddy long-legs spider
Pholcidae sp. Wunderlich 1986
Modisimus crassifemoralis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 daddy long-legs spider
Modisimus calcaroides n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 daddy long-legs spider
Leptopholcus kiskeya n. sp.3 Huber and Wunderlich 2006 daddy long-legs spider
F1554/DB/AR/CJW
Pholcophora gracilis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 daddy long-legs spider
Pholcophora brevipes n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 daddy long-legs spider
Pholcophora longicornis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 daddy long-legs spider
Serratochorus pygmaeus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 daddy long-legs spider
 Araneae - Scytodidae
Scytodes "sp. a"12 Latreille 1804 spitting spider
Scytodes sp. Wunderlich 1986
Scytodes "sp. b"12 Latreille 1804 spitting spider
Scytodes "sp. c"12 Latreille 1804 spitting spider
Scytodes stridulans n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spitting spider
Scytodes piliformis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spitting spider
Scytodes planithorax n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 spitting spider
 Araneae - Ochyroceratidae
Arachnolithulus pygmaeus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 midget ground weaver
 Araneae - Sicariidae
Loxosceles sp.12 Heineken and Lowe 1832 recluse spider
Loxosceles aculicaput n. sp.14 Wunderlich 2004 recluse spider
F933/DB/AR/LOX/CJW
Loxosceles defecta n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 recluse spider
Loxosceles deformis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 recluse spider
 Araneae - Caponiidae
"Nops lobatus n. sp." = Nops lobatus12, "Nops lobatus" = Nops lobatus7, "Nops segmentatus n. sp." = Nops lobatus12
"Nops lobatus n. sp." = Nops lobatus12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
SMF 38235
"Nops lobatus" = Nops lobatus7 Wunderlich 1988 spider
SMF 38313
"Nops segmentatus n. sp." = Nops lobatus12 Wunderlich 1988 spider
SMF 38224
 Araneae - Microstigmatidae
Parvomygale distincta n. gen. n. sp.13
Parvomygale distincta n. gen. n. sp.13 Wunderlich 2004 spider
 Araneae - Theraphosidae
Ischnocolinopsis acutus n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 tarantula
 Araneae - Dipluridae
? Ischnothele sp.12, "Microsteria sexoculata n. sp." = Masteria sexoculata12
? Ischnothele sp.12 Ausserer 1875 funnel-web tarantula
"Microsteria sexoculata n. sp." = Masteria sexoculata12 Wunderlich 1988 funnel-web tarantula
 Araneae - Barychelidae
Barychelidae indet.12 Simon 1889 trapdoor baboon spider
Psalistops hispaniolensis n. sp.12 Wunderlich 1988 trapdoor baboon spider
 Scorpiones - Buthidae
"Tityus azari n. sp." = Tityus geratus5
"Tityus azari n. sp." = Tityus geratus5 Santiago-Blay and Poinar 1988 scorpion