Stratford Hall, Tortonian (Miocene of the United States)

Where: Westmoreland County, Virginia (38.2° N, 76.8° W: paleocoordinates 38.3° N, 74.8° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: St. Marys Formation (Chesapeake Group), Tortonian (11.6 - 7.2 Ma)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: R. E. Weems, L. E. Edwards, and B. Landacre. 2017. Geology and biostratigraphy of the Potomac River Cliffs at Stratford Hall, Westmoreland County, Virginia. The Geological Society of America Field Guide 47:125-152 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 152251: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Shahed Alam on 12.11.2013, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Chondrichthyes
 Squaliformes - Squalidae
Squalus sp. Linnaeus 1758 dogfish shark
 Odontaspidida - Alopiidae
Alopias latidents thresher shark
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis sp. Rafinesque 1810 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera sp. Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
Aetobatus sp. Blainville 1816 eagle ray
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatos sp. Link 1790 guitarfish
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja sp. Linnaeus 1758 skate
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
"Notorhynchus primigenius" = Notidanus primigenius
"Notorhynchus primigenius" = Notidanus primigenius Agassiz 1843 cow shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion eurybathrodon Blake 1862 lemon shark
"Physogaleus contortus" = Galeocerdo contortus Gibbes 1848 tiger shark
Carcharhinus sp. de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
Rhizoprionodon fischeuri sharpnose shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
Hemipristis serra Agassiz 1843 ground shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Mustelus sp. hound shark
  - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus distans Probst 1879 shark
Actinopteri
 Albuliformes - Albulidae
Albula sp. Gronow 1763 bonefish
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena cf. barracuda Edwards 1771 barracuda
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Scomberomorus sp. Lacépède 1802
 Perciformes - Sparidae
Lagodon cf. rhomboides Linnaeus 1766 perch-like fish
 Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae
 Spariformes - Sparidae
Archosargus sp. Gill 1865
 Labriformes - Labridae
 Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
Chilomycterus sp. Bribon 1846
 Gadiformes - Merlucciidae
 Aulopiformes - Alepisauridae
Alepisaurus sp. lancetfish
 Amiiformes - Amiidae
Amia sp. Linnaeus 1766 bowfin
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteus sp. de Lacepède 1803 gar
Reptilia
 Testudines - Dermochelyidae
Psephophorus calvertensis Palmer 1909 leatherback
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Apalone sp. Rafinesque 1832 softshell turtle
Mammalia
 Balaenopteroidea - Balaenopteridae
Balaenoptera sp. Lacépède 1804 rorqual
Pinopsida
 Pinales - Pinaceae
Pinus sp. Linnaeus 1753 pine
Picea sp. Link 1827 spruce
 Pinales - Taxodiaceae
aff. Taxodium sp. Richard 1810
Taxodium-type
Monocotyledoneae
 Cyperales - Commelinidae
Cyperaceae indet. Jussieu 1789 sedge
Monocots
 Poales - Poaceae
Poaceae indet. Barnhart 1895
Dicotyledonae
 Urticales - Dilleniidae
Ulmus sp. Linnaeus 1753 elm
 Juglandales - Hamamelidae
Carya sp. Nuttall 1818 hickory
Pterocarya sp. Kunth 1824 wingnut
Magnoliopsida
 Saxifragales - Hamamelidaceae
Liquidambar sp. Linnaeus 1753 sweetgum
 Apiales - Apiaceae
Apiaceae indet. Lindley 1836
 Caryophyllales - Amaranthaceae
Amaranthaceae indet. de Jussieu 1789
 Asterales - Asteraceae
Asteraceae indet. von Berchtold and Presl 1820
 Fagales - Betulaceae
Betula sp. Linnaeus 1753 birch
Corylus sp. Linnaeus birch
Alnus sp. Miller 1768 alder
 Fagales - Fagaceae
Quercus sp. Linnaeus 1753
Fagus sp. Linnaeus beech
 Violales - Salicaceae
Salix sp. Linnaeus 1753 willow