Seminole Field (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Pinellas County, Florida (27.8° N, 82.7° W: paleocoordinates 27.8° N, 82.7° W)

• coordinate based on unpublished field data

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Rancholabrean mammal zone, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; unlithified, argillaceous sandstone

Preservation: original phosphate

Collected by W.W. Holmes et al. in 1924-1929; 1953; reposited in the AMNH, FLMNH

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying,

Primary reference: G. G. Simpson. 1929. Pleistocene mammalian fauna of the Seminole Field, Pinellas County, Florida. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 56(8):561-599 [J. Bloch/R. Hulbert]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 154771: authorized by Jonathan Bloch, entered by Richard Hulbert on 09.03.2014, edited by Terri Cleary and Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Reptilia
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Terrapene carolina1 Linnaeus 1758 common box turtle
subspecies T. carolina putnami
Aves
 Cathartiformes - Cathartidae
Cathartes aura4 Linnaeus 1758 turkey vulture
Gymnogyps californianus4 Shaw 1797 California condor
Teratornis merriami4 Miller 1909 Merriam's teratorn
"Coragyps urubu" = Coragyps atratus4 Bechstein 1793 black vulture
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Meleagris gallopavo4 Linnaeus 1758 wild turkey
Meleagris tridens n. sp.4 Wetmore 1931 turkey
 Galliformes - Odontophoridae
Colinus virginianus4 Linnaeus 1758 northern bobwhite
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Branta hutchinsii4 Richardson 1832 cackling goose
Branta canadensis hutchinsi
Branta canadensis4 Linnaeus 1758 Canada goose
Cygnus columbianus4 Ord 1815 tundra swan
"Nyroca affinis" = Aythya affinis4 Eyton 1838 lesser scaup
Anas indet.4 Linnaeus 1758 dabbling duck
"of the mallard type" but too fragmentary to identify to species
"Nettion carolinense" = Anas crecca carolinensis4 Gmelin 1789 green-winged teal
Anas fulvigula4 Ridgway 1874 mottled duck
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
"Polyborus cheriway" = Caracara cheriway4
"Polyborus cheriway" = Caracara cheriway4 Jacquin 1784 crested caracara
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Strix varia4 Barton 1799 barred owl
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
"Zenaidura macroura" = Zenaida macroura4
"Zenaidura macroura" = Zenaida macroura4 Linnaeus 1758 mourning dove
 Passeriformes - Icteridae
Agelaius phoeniceus4 Linnaeus 1766 red-winged blackbird
"Megaquiscalus major" = Quiscalus major4 Viellot 1819 boat-tailed grackle
Quiscalus quiscula4 Linnaeus 1758 common grackle
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus brachyrhynchos4 Brehm 1822 American crow
Corvus ossifragus4 Wilson 1812 fish crow
 Gruiformes - Gruidae
Grus americana4, "Grus canadensis" = Antigone canadensis4
Grus americana4 Linnaeus 1758 whooping crane
"Grus canadensis" = Antigone canadensis4 Linnaeus 1758 sandhill crane
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Gallinula chloropus4 Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian moorhen
Rallus longirostris4 Boddaert 1783 mangrove rail
Rallus elegans4 Audubon 1834 king rail
Rallus elegans3 Audubon 1834 king rail
Fulica americana4 Gmelin 1789 American coot
 Gruiformes - Aramidae
"Aramus pictus" = Aramus guarauna pictus4
"Aramus pictus" = Aramus guarauna pictus4 Meyer 1794 limpkin
 Podicipediformes - Podicipedidae
Podilymbus podiceps4, "Colymbus auritus" = Podiceps auritus4
Podilymbus podiceps4 Linnaeus 1758 pied-billed grebe
"Colymbus auritus" = Podiceps auritus4 Linnaeus 1758 horned grebe
 Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae
Nyctanassa violacea4, "Florida caerulea" = Egretta caerulea4, "Hydranassa tricolor" = Egretta tricolor4, Butorides virescens4, "Casmerodius albus" = Ardea alba4, Ardea herodias4, Botaurus lentiginosus4
Nyctanassa violacea4 Linnaeus 1758 yellow-crowned night heron
"Florida caerulea" = Egretta caerulea4 Linnaeus 1758 little blue heron
"Hydranassa tricolor" = Egretta tricolor4 Statius Muller 1776 tricolor heron
Butorides virescens4 Linnaeus 1758 green heron
"Casmerodius albus" = Ardea alba4 Linnaeus 1758 great egret
Ardea herodias4 Linnaeus 1758 great blue heron
Botaurus lentiginosus4 Rackett 1813 American bittern
 Pelecaniformes - Threskiornithidae
"Guara alba" = Eudocimus albus4, Plegadis sp.4
"Guara alba" = Eudocimus albus4 Linnaeus 1758 white ibis
Plegadis sp.4 Kaup 1829 ibis
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Jabiru mycteria4 Lichtenstein 1819 jabiru
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Buteo platypterus4 Vieillot 1823 broad-winged hawk
Buteo jamaicensis4 Gmelin 1788 red-tailed hawk
Buteo lineatus4 Gmelin 1788 red-shouldered hawk
Haliaeetus leucocephalus4 Linnaeus 1766 bald eagle
Geranoaetus sp.4 Kaup 1844 buzzard-eagle
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocorax auritus4 Lesson 1831 double-crested cormorant
Reptilia
 Squamata - Viperidae
Crotalus adamanteus2 Palisot de Beauvois 1799 eastern diamondback rattlesnake
Fla. Geol. Surv. No. V 4014, two vertebrae; Univ. Calif. No. 28910, two vertebrae
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Oryzomys palustris Harlan 1837 marsh rice rat
Sigmodon hispidus Say and Ord 1825 hispid cotton rat
Synaptomys australis Simpson 1928 vole
Neofiber alleni True 1884 round-tailed muskrat
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciurus cf. carolinensis Gmelin 1788 eastern gray squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys floridanus pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Caviidae
"Hydrochaerus cf. pinckneyi" = Hydrochoerus
"Hydrochaerus cf. pinckneyi" = Hydrochoerus capybara
 Rodentia - Erethizontidae
Erethizon cf. dorsatum Linnaeus 1758 North American porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus palustris Bachman 1837 marsh rabbit
Sylvilagus floridanus Allen 1890 eastern cottontail
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Scalopus sp. Geoffroy 1803 mole
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus sp. Brisson 1762 tapir
"Tapirus veroensis" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) veroensis Sellards 1918 tapir
placed in new subspecies, T. veroensis sellardsi, which Simpson himself later rejected
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus cf. complicatus Leidy 1858 horse
Equus cf. leidyi Hay 1913 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
"Arctodus floridanus" = Tremarctos floridanus
"Arctodus floridanus" = Tremarctos floridanus Gidley 1928 Florida cave bear
 Carnivora - Mephitidae
"Spilogale ambarvalis" = Spilogale putorius, Mephitis elongata
"Spilogale ambarvalis" = Spilogale putorius Linnaeus 1758 Florida spotted skunk
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Lutra canadensis" = Lontra canadensis, Mustela peninsulae
"Lutra canadensis" = Lontra canadensis Schreber 1776 North American river otter
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
"Procyon lotor" = Procyon lotor, "Procyon nanus n. sp." = Procyon lotor
"Procyon lotor" = Procyon lotor Linnaeus 1758 raccoon
"Procyon nanus n. sp." = Procyon lotor Linnaeus 1758 raccoon
 Carnivora - Canidae
"Canis ayersi" = Canis dirus, "Canis cf. riviveronis" = Canis latrans
"Canis ayersi" = Canis dirus Leidy 1858 dire wolf
"Canis cf. riviveronis" = Canis latrans Say 1823 coyote
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Smilodon cf. floridanus" = Smilodon fatalis, cf. Lynx sp., Lynx rufus, "cf. Felis inexpectata" = Miracinonyx inexpectatus, "Felis cf. veronis" = Panthera onca
"Smilodon cf. floridanus" = Smilodon fatalis Leidy 1868 saber-toothed cat
cf. Lynx sp. Kerr 1792 lynx
Lynx rufus Schreber 1777 bobcat
"cf. Felis inexpectata" = Miracinonyx inexpectatus Cope 1895 American cheetah
"Felis cf. veronis" = Panthera onca Linnaeus 1758 jaguar
 Xenarthra - Dasypodidae
"Tatu bellus n. sp." = Dasypus bellus
"Tatu bellus n. sp." = Dasypus bellus Simpson 1929 beautiful armadillo
 Xenarthra - Pampatheriidae
"Chlamytherium septentrionale" = Holmesina septentrionalis
"Chlamytherium septentrionale" = Holmesina septentrionalis Leidy 1889 edentate
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
"Mylodon cf. harlani" = Paramylodon harlani
"Mylodon cf. harlani" = Paramylodon harlani Owen 1840 Harlan's ground sloth
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
"Boreostracon floridanus n. sp." = Glyptotherium cylindricum
"Boreostracon floridanus n. sp." = Glyptotherium cylindricum Brown 1912 Florida glyptodont
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
"Mastodon americanus" = Mammut americanum
"Mastodon americanus" = Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 American mastodon
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Archidiskodon columbi" = Mammuthus
"Archidiskodon columbi" = Mammuthus mammoth
 Sirenia - Trichechidae
Trichechus sp. Linnaeus 1758 manatee
 Didelphimorphia - Didelphidae
Didelphis virginiana Kerr 1792 Virginia opossum
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
Mylohyus cf. lenis, "Mylohyus gidleyi n. sp." = Mylohyus fossilis, "Mylohyus cf. pennsylvanicus" = Mylohyus fossilis
"Mylohyus gidleyi n. sp." = Mylohyus fossilis Leidy 1860 peccary
"Mylohyus cf. pennsylvanicus" = Mylohyus fossilis Leidy 1860 peccary
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
"Tanupolama mirifica n. sp." = Palaeolama mirifica, cf. Camelops sp., "Tanupolama cf. americana" = Hemiauchenia macrocephala
"Tanupolama mirifica n. sp." = Palaeolama mirifica Simpson 1929 stout-legged llama
cf. Camelops sp. Leidy 1854 camel
misidentification; genus not present
"Tanupolama cf. americana" = Hemiauchenia macrocephala Cope 1893 camel
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison cf. latifrons Harlan 1825 bison
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae