West Palm Beach Site (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as UF PB002; P.C. Smith Shell Rock Company Pit

Where: Palm Beach County, Florida (26.7° N, 80.2° W: paleocoordinates 26.7° N, 80.2° W)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Rancholabrean mammal zone, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: "channel"

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collected by H. H. Converse et al. in 1969-1970; reposited in the FLMNH

Collection methods: quarrying

Primary reference: J. J. Becker. 1985. A late Pleistocene (Wisconsinan) avifauna from West Palm Beach, Florida. Bulletin of the British Ornithologist's Club 105(1):37-40 [J. Bloch/R. Hulbert]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 154921: authorized by Jonathan Bloch, entered by Richard Hulbert on 19.03.2014

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Actinopteri
 Siluriformes - Ictaluridae
Ictalurus sp. Rafinesque 1820 catfish
 Amiiformes - Amiidae
Amia calva Linnaeus 1766 bowfin
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteus sp. de Lacepède 1803 gar
Osteichthyes
 Caudata - Urodela
Amphiuma means Garden 1821 two-toed amphiuma
Siren lacertina Linnaeus 1766 greater siren
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
"Trionyx ferox" = Platypeltis ferox
"Trionyx ferox" = Platypeltis ferox Schneider 1783 Florida softshell turtle
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Geochelone crassiscutata" = Hesperotestudo crassiscutata
"Geochelone crassiscutata" = Hesperotestudo crassiscutata Leidy 1889 turtle
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Terrapene carolina Linnaeus 1758 common box turtle
both "subspecies" T. carolina bauri and T. carolina putnami present
Chrysemys scripta painted turtle
subspecies petrolei
Chrysemys nelsoni painted turtle
Chrysemys floridana painted turtle
Aves
 Cathartiformes - Cathartidae
Gymnogyps sp. Lesson 1842 New World vulture
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anas sp. Linnaeus 1758 dabbling duck
 Gruiformes - Gruidae
Grus americana Linnaeus 1758 whooping crane
 Podicipediformes - Podicipedidae
Podilymbus podiceps Linnaeus 1758 pied-billed grebe
 Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae
Ardea herodias Linnaeus 1758 great blue heron
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ciconia maltha Miller 1910 asphalt stork
Mycteria americana Linnaeus 1758 wood stork
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Spizaetus cf. grinnelli Miller 1911 hawk-eagle
Reptilia
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Alligator mississippiensis Daudin 1801 American alligator
 Squamata - Anguidae
Ophisaurus sp. Daudin 1803 glass lizard
 Squamata - Colubridae
Opheodrys sp. Fitzinger 1843 colubrid snake
Lampropeltis getulus Linnaeus 1766 kingsnake
Farancia abacura Holbrook 1836 colubrid snake
Natrix cyclopion water snake
"Natrix sipedon" = Nerodia sipedon Linnaeus 1758 northern water snake
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Agkistrodon piscivorous Lacépède cottonmouth
Crotalus adamanteus Palisot de Beauvois 1799 eastern diamondback rattlesnake
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Sigmodon hispidus Say and Ord 1825 hispid cotton rat
Synaptomys australis Simpson 1928 vole
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus sp. Gray 1867 cottontail rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
"Tapirus veroensis" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) veroensis
"Tapirus veroensis" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) veroensis Sellards 1918 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
 Xenarthra - Pampatheriidae
"Chlamytherium septentrionalis" = Holmesina septentrionalis
"Chlamytherium septentrionalis" = Holmesina septentrionalis Leidy 1889 edentate
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Paramylodon harlani Owen 1840 Harlan's ground sloth
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 American mastodon
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Mammuthus imperator" = Mammuthus columbi
"Mammuthus imperator" = Mammuthus columbi Falconer 1857 imperial mammoth
 Didelphimorphia - Didelphidae
Didelphis virginiana Kerr 1792 Virginia opossum
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
Mylohyus sp. Cope 1869 peccary
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
"Tanupolama sp." = Hemiauchenia
"Tanupolama sp." = Hemiauchenia Gervais and Ameghino 1880 camel
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison antiquus Leidy 1852 bison
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer