Potter Creek Cave (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Shasta County, California (40.8° N, 122.3° W: paleocoordinates 40.8° N, 122.3° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Rancholabrean mammal zone, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• radiocarbon dates from R. S. Feranec (2009)

Environment/lithology: cave

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collected by E. L. Furlong et al. in the 1878; 1902-1903; 1960s; reposited in the UCMP

Primary reference: W. J. Sinclair. 1904. The exploration of Potter Creek Cave. University of California Publication American Archaeology and Ethnology 2(1):1-27 [J. Bloch/R. Hulbert]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 155393: authorized by Jonathan Bloch, entered by Richard Hulbert on 10.04.2014, edited by Matthew Clapham, Patricia Holroyd and Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Myriapoda
 Julida - Julidae
Julus cavicola n. sp.4 Grinnell 1908 millipede
UCMP 10007
Actinopteri
 Acipenseriformes - Acipenseridae
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudinidae indet. Batsch 1788 turtle
Aves
 Cathartiformes - Cathartidae
Cathartes aura6 Linnaeus 1758 turkey vulture
9 specimens
"Gymnogyps amplus" = Gymnogyps californianus6 Shaw 1797 condor
10 specimens
Catharista shastensis n. sp.6 Miller 1911 vulture
8-15 individuals represented by 26 specimens
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Dendragapus obscurus6 Say 1823 dusky grouse
22 specimens
Meleagris sp.6 Linnaeus 1758 turkey
8 specimens
Bonasa umbellus6 Linnaeus 1766 ruffed grouse
2 specimens
 Galliformes - Odontophoridae
"Oreortyx picta" = Oreortyx pictus6
"Oreortyx picta" = Oreortyx pictus6 Douglas 1829 mountain quail
2 specimens
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Branta canadensis6 Linnaeus 1758 Canada goose
1 specimen
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Falco sparverius6 Linnaeus 1758 American kestrel
1 specimen
Falco peregrinus6 Tunstall 1771 peregrine falcon
4 specimens
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
"Otus asio" = Megascops asio6, Bubo sinclairi n. sp.6
"Otus asio" = Megascops asio6 Linnaeus 1758 eastern screech-owl
3 specimens
Bubo sinclairi n. sp.6 Miller 1911 owl
2 specimens
 Piciformes - Picidae
"Colaptes cafer" = Colaptes auratus cafer6
"Colaptes cafer" = Colaptes auratus cafer6 Gmelin 1788 northern flicker
1 specimen
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus brachyrhynchos6 Brehm 1822 American crow
2 specimens
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
"Buteo borealis" = Buteo jamaicensis borealis6
"Buteo borealis" = Buteo jamaicensis borealis6 Gmelin 1788 red-tailed hawk
3 specimens
Reptilia
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Crotalus potterensis n. sp.1 Brattstrom 1953 rattlesnake
Mammalia
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens3 Linnaeus 1758 human
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
"Teonoma spelaea n. sp." = Neotoma cinerea7 Ord 1815 pack rat
Neotoma fuscipes Baird 1858 dusky-footed woodrat
Microtus californicus Peale 1848 California vole
 Rodentia - Aplodontidae
"Aplodontia major" = Aplodontia rufa
"Aplodontia major" = Aplodontia rufa Rafinesque 1817 mountain beaver
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Callospermophilus chrysodeirus" = Spermophilus lateralis, "Arctomys sp." = Marmota, "Eutamias senex" = Neotamias senex, "Sciurus hudsonicus" = Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
"Callospermophilus chrysodeirus" = Spermophilus lateralis Say 1823 golden-mantled ground squirrel
"Arctomys sp." = Marmota Frisch 1775 marmot
"Eutamias senex" = Neotamias senex Allen 1890 chipmunk
"Sciurus hudsonicus" = Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Erxleben 1777 American red squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Thomomys leucodon pocket gopher
Thomomys microdon n. sp.7 Sinclair 1905 pocket gopher
Thomomys monticola Allen 1893 mountain pocket gopher
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus americanus3 Erxleben 1777 snowshoe hare
Lepus californicus Gray 1837 black-tailed jackrabbit
Sylvilagus bachmani3 Waterhouse 1839 cottontail rabbit
"Sylvilagus auduboni" = Sylvilagus audubonii3 Baird 1858 desert cottontail
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
"Scapanus californicus" = Scapanus latimanus
"Scapanus californicus" = Scapanus latimanus Bachman 1842 broad-footed mole
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus occidentalis" = Equus (Dolichohippus) simplicidens Cope 1892 horse
Equus pacificus Leidy 1868 horse
 Chiroptera - Phyllostomidae
Desmodus stocki5 Jones 1958 vampire bat
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Antrozous pallidus Le Conte 1856 pallid bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus sp., "Arctotherium simum n. sp." = Arctodus simus
Ursus sp. Linnaeus 1758 bear
"Arctotherium simum n. sp." = Arctodus simus Cope 1879 giant short-faced bear
 Carnivora - Mephitidae
"Spilogale gracilis" = Spilogale putorius3, "Mephitis occidentalis" = Mephitis mephitis
"Spilogale gracilis" = Spilogale putorius3 Linnaeus 1758 western spotted skunk
"Mephitis occidentalis" = Mephitis mephitis Schreber 1776 striped skunk
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon lotor3 Linnaeus 1758 raccoon
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Martes americana" = Mustela zibellina americana3 Kerr 1792 American marten
Mustela frenata3 Lichtenstein 1831 long-tailed weasel
Taxidea sp. Waterhouse 1839 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes cascadensis, "Canis indianensis" = Canis dirus, Canis latrans3, Canis lupus3, "Urocyon townsendi" = Urocyon cinereoargenteus
Vulpes cascadensis Merriam 1900 fox
"Canis indianensis" = Canis dirus Leidy 1858 dire wolf
Canis latrans3 Say 1823 coyote
Canis lupus3 Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
"Urocyon townsendi" = Urocyon cinereoargenteus Schreber 1775 gray fox
 Carnivora - Felidae
Puma concolor3 Linnaeus 1771 puma
Panthera leo3 Linnaeus 1758 lion
subspecies atrox
 Xenarthra - Nothrotheriidae
Nothrotherium shastense n. sp.7 Sinclair 1905 Shasta ground sloth
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx cf. jeffersonii Desmarest 1822 Jefferson's ground sloth
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut pacificus2 Dooley et al. 2019 mastodon
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas primigenius" = Mammuthus primigenius
"Elephas primigenius" = Mammuthus primigenius Blumenbach 1799 wooly mammoth
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
cf. Platygonus sp. Leconte 1848 peccary
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Camelidae indet. Gray 1821 camel
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison sp., "Haplocerus montanus" = Oreamnos americanus, Ovis sp.3, Euceratherium collinum n. gen. n. sp.7
Bison sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 bison
"Haplocerus montanus" = Oreamnos americanus Blainville 1816 mountain goat
Ovis sp.3 Linnaeus 1758 sheep
Euceratherium collinum n. gen. n. sp.7 Furlong and Sinclair 1904 shrub ox
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp.3 Linnaeus 1758 deer
Odocoileus sp. Rafinesque 1832 deer