Loy Yang M1A (Oligocene to of Australia)

Also known as Morwell Fm.

Where: Victoria, Australia (38.2° S, 146.6° E: paleocoordinates 52.0° S, 145.2° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Morwell Formation, Early/Lower Oligocene to Early/Lower Oligocene (33.9 - 16.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: coastal; coal

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Preservation: adpression, original sporopollenin, replaced with carbon

Collection methods: core, chemical, hydrochloric, hydroflouric

Primary reference: D. T. Blackburn and I. R. K. Sluiter. 1994. The Oligo-Miocene coal floras of southeastern Australia. In R. S. Hill (ed.), History of the Australian Vegetation: Cretaceous to Recent 328-367 [C. Jaramillo/C. Jaramillo/C. Jaramillo]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 169237: authorized by Carlos Jaramillo, entered by Carlos Jaramillo on 11.05.2015

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Pinopsida
 Pinales - Podocarpaceae
Dacrycarpites australiensis Cookson and Pike 1953
Dacrycarpus sp.
Dacrycarpus latrobensis Hill and Carpenter 1991
Macrofossil
Dacrydiumites florinii Cookson and Pike 1953
Dacrydium aff. cupressus
Dacrydium rhomboideum
Macrofossil
aff. Dacrydium "sp. 2" Soland and Lambert 1807
Macrofossil
aff. Dacrydium "sp. 3" Soland and Lambert 1807
Macrofossil
Phyllocladus morwellensis Deane 1925
Macrofossil
Phyllocladidites mawsonii Cookson 1947
Lagarostrobos aff. franklinii
Podocarpidites sp. Cookson 1947
Podocarpus/Dacrydium spp.
Podosporites microsaccatus Dettmann 1963
Podocarpaceae sp.
Microcachryidites antarcticus Couper 1953
Microcachrys aff. tetragona
Podocarpus sp. Lheritier and Persoon 1807
 Pinales - Cupressaceae
Cupressaceae "taxodiaceae" Martynov 1820
Cupressaceae
 Pinales - Araucariaceae
Agathis sp. Salisbury 1807
Agathis yallournensis
Macrofossil
Araucaria sp. de Jussieu 1789
aff. Araucaria sp. de Jussieu 1789
Macrofossil
Araucaria lignitici Cookson and Duigan 1951
Macrofossil
Monocotyledoneae
  -
Sparganiaceaepollenites barungensis Harris 1972
Sparganiaceae/Typhaceae
 Cyperales - Commelinidae
Cyperaceae indet. Jussieu 1789 sedge
Macrofossil
aff. Gahnia sp. Forster and Forster 1775 sedge
Cyperaceae
 Restionales - Commelinidae
Restionaceae "Centrolepidaceae" Brown 1810
Restionaceae
aff. Restionaceae indet. Brown 1810
Macrofossil
 Typhales - Commelinidae
aff. Typhaceae "Sparganiaceae" de Jussieu 1789
Macrofossil
 Liliales - Liliidae
Liliacidites spp. Couper 1953
Liliaceae/Arecaceae
 Arales - Arecidae
aff. Araceae indet. de Jussieu 1789
Araceae
Monocots
 Poales - Poaceae
Graminidites media Cookson 1947
Poaceae
Cycadopsida
 Cycadales - Zamiaceae
aff. Zamiaceae indet. Horaninow cycads
similar to Macrozamia and Bowenia
Pteridopsida
  -
Trilites tuberculiformis Cookson 1947
Dicksonia sp.
Laevigatosporites ovatus Wilson and Webster 1946
Blechnaceae sp.
Cyathidites subtilis
Cyathea aff. australis
 Salviniales - Azollaceae
Azolla "sp. 2" Lamark 1783
Azolla section Rhizosperma
 Gleicheniales - Matoniaceae
Dictyophyllidites arcuatus Pocknall and Mildenhall 1984
Gleichenaceae sp. 2 aff. Dicranopteris
 Gleicheniales - Gleicheniaceae
Gleichenia "sp. 3" Smith
Macrofossil
Gleicheniidites circinidites Dettmann 1963
Gleichenaceae sp. 1
 Cyatheales -
Cyatheacidites annulatus Cookson 1947
Lophosoria sp.
 Polypodiales -
Polypodiisporites sp. Potonie 1931
Polypodiaceae
 Polypodiales - Blechnaceae
aff. Blechnum sp. Linnaeus
Macrofossil
Lycopsida
  -
Foveotriletes balteus
Lycopodiaceae sp. 1
  - Selaginellaceae
Herkosporites elliottii Stover 1973
Lycopodiaceae sp. 2
  - Lycopodiaceae
Latrobosporites crassus Harris 1981
Lycopodium aff. laterale
Bryopsida
  -
Stereisporites sp. Pflug 1953
Sphagnum sp.
Magnoliopsida
  -
Malvacipollis subtilis Stover 1973
Austrobuxus aff. swainii
 Illiciales - Winteraceae
  -
Dicotyledonae
 Rhamnales - Rosidae
Vitaceae indet. de Jussieu 1789
aff. Emmenosperma sp. Mueller 1862
 Rosidae - Rosidae
Quintinia sp. Candolle 1830
Macrofossil
aff. Geissois sp. Labillardière 1845
Cunoniaceae
 Sapotales - Dilleniidae
 Nepenthales - Dilleniidae
Droseraceae indet. Salisbury 1808
 Urticales - Dilleniidae
aff. Celtis sp. Linnaeus 1753 hackberry
 Euphorbiales - Dilleniidae
Tricolporopollenites endobalteus McIntyre 1965
Macaranga/Mallotus
 Capparidales - Dilleniidae
Gyrostemonaceae indet. Endlicher 1845
 Theales - Dilleniidae
aff. Diospyros sp. Linnaeus
Ebenaceae
Sphenostemon sp. Baillon 1875
Ilexpollenites anguloclavatus McIntyre 1968
Ilex
 Scrophulariales - Asteridae
Oleinites willisii Cookson 1947
aff. Notelaea
 Polygonales - Caryophyllidae
Polycolporopollenites esobalteus Pocknall and Mildenhall 1984
aff. Polygonaceae
Magnoliopsida
  -
Haloragacidites harrisii Mildenhall and Harris 1971
Casuarinaceae
Rhoipites sphaerica
aff. Araliaceae/Goodeniaceae
Periporopollenites demarcatus Stover 1973
aff. Caryophyllaceae
 Saxifragales -
Haloragis sp. Forster and Forster 1775
 Myrtales - Myrtaceae
Myrtaceae "taxon 46" de Jussieu 1789
Macrofossil
aff. Baeckea sp. Linnaeus
Macrofossil
aff. Tristania "sp. 1" Brown 1812
Macrofossil
aff. Tristania "sp. 2" Brown 1812
Macrofossil
aff. Austromyrtus sp. Burret 1941
Macrofossil
aff. Acmena sp. Candolle 1828
Macrofossil and microfossil
aff. Calytrix sp. Labillardière 1806
Macrofossil
aff. Syzygium "sp. 1" Browne and Gaertner 1788
Macrofossil
aff. Syzygium "sp. 2" Browne and Gaertner 1788
Macrofossil
aff. Syzygium "sp. 3" Browne and Gaertner 1788
Macrofossil
 Myrtales -
Myrtaceidites parvus
Myrtaceidites parvus forma anesus
Myrtaceidites verrucosus Partridge 1973
aff. Austromyrtus
Myrtaceidites mesonesus Cookson and Pike 1954
aff. Syzygium
 Ericales -
aff. Rapanea sp. Aublet 1775
 Apiales - Araliaceae
aff. Araliaceae "sp. 2" de Jussieu 1789
Macrofossil
aff. Mackinlaya sp. Mueller 1864
Araliaceae
aff. Polyscias sp. Forster and Forster 1775
Macrofossil
 Ericales - Ericaceae
aff. Brachyloma sp. Sonder 1842
Macrofossil
 Malvales - Sterculiaceae
aff. Brachychiton sp. Schott and Endlicher 1832
 Rosales - Cunoniaceae
aff. Ceratopetalum sp. Smith 1793
Cunoniaceae
 Rosales - Urticaceae
 Sapindales - Rutaceae
aff. Euodia sp. Forster and Forster 1775
aff. Flindersia sp. Brown 1810
aff. Acronychia sp. Forster and Forster 1775
 Sapindales - Anacardiaceae
 Sapindales - Sapindaceae
 Sapindales - Meliaceae
aff. Dysoxylum sp. Blume 1825
 Santalales - Loranthaceae
 Santalales -
"aff. Exocarpus sp." = Exocarpos
"aff. Exocarpus sp." = Exocarpos Labillardière 1800
 Proteales -
aff. Stenocarpus "Oreocallis" Brown 1811
Macrofossil
 Proteales - Proteaceae
Proteaceae "taxon 58" de Jussieu 1789
Macrofossil
Proteaceae "taxon 59" de Jussieu 1789
Macrofossil
Proteaceae "taxon 60" de Jussieu 1789
Macrofossil
aff. Helicia "Orites" Loureiro 1790
aff. Orites sp. Brown 1810
Macrofossil
aff. Xylomelum sp. Smith 1798
Macrofossil
 Proteales -
 Fagales - Nothofagaceae
 Fagales -
Nothofagidites sp. Potonié 1960
Nothofagus subgenus Brassospora
 Fagales - Casuarinaceae
Allocasuarina sp. Johnson 1982
Casuarinaceae
Gymnostoma sp. Johnson 1980
Casuarinaceae
 Violales - Elaeocarpaceae
Elaeocarpaceae indet. de Candolle 1816
Elaeocarpaceae type
aff. Sloanea sp. Linnaeus
Macrofossil