Dunedin (Permian of South Africa)

Also known as Quaggasfontein

Where: Western Cape, South Africa (32.0° S, 22.4° E: paleocoordinates 61.0° S, 30.2° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Tropidostoma Assemblage other zone, Beaufort Group, Wuchiapingian (259.9 - 254.2 Ma)

• Listed as Cistecephalus Zone by Kitching (1977), and Tropidostoma by Kammerer (2016) and Marsicano et al. (2017)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: SAM: South African Museum, Cape Town

Primary reference: S. H. Haughton. 1913. On a new species of Propappus. Annals of the South African Museum 12:43-45 [R. Butler/R. Butler]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 171377: authorized by Richard Butler, entered by Richard Butler on 09.07.2015, edited by Juan Benito Moreno and Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Temnospondyli - Rhinesuchidae
Rhinesuchus sp.7 Broom 1908 tetrapod
SAM-PK-3010, partial postcranial skeleton (same number as Eryops?)
Eryops africanus n. sp.6 Lydekker 1890 tetrapod
SAM-PK-3010, skull. Also known as Eryops oweni.
Reptilia
 Procolophonia -
Pareiasauria indet.5 Seeley 1888 parareptile
"Propappus parvus n. sp." = Anthodon serrarius Owen 1876 parareptile
SAM 2351
Pareiasuchus peringueyi5 Broom and Haughton 1913 parareptile
Pareiasaurus serridens5 Owen parareptile
 Gorgodontia -
Gorgonopsia indet.5 Seeley 1894 reptile
 Gorgodontia - Gorgonopidae
"Gorgonognathus longifrons n. gen. n. sp." = Gorgonops longifrons8, Arctops cf. watsoni8, Scylacops capensis n. gen. n. sp.8, "Scymnognathus tigriceps n. sp." = Aelurognathus tigriceps4, "Aelurognathus tigriceps" = Aelurognathus tigriceps4, "Scymnognathus serratidens n. sp." = Aelurognathus tigriceps4
"Gorgonognathus longifrons n. gen. n. sp." = Gorgonops longifrons8 Haughton 1915 reptile
SAM-PK-2671, incomplete and flattened skull
Arctops cf. watsoni8 Brink and Kitching 1953 reptile
Scylacops capensis n. gen. n. sp.8 Broom 1913 reptile
SAM-PK-2343 (type), flattened skull with lower jaw and some postcranial elements. SAM-PK-10188, fragmented and incomplete skull with lower jaw and postcranial elements
"Scymnognathus tigriceps n. sp." = Aelurognathus tigriceps4 Broom and Haughton 1913 reptile
SAM-PK-2342, complete skull
"Aelurognathus tigriceps" = Aelurognathus tigriceps4 Broom and Haughton 1913 reptile
SAM-PK-10071, a distorted but mostly complete skull
"Scymnognathus serratidens n. sp." = Aelurognathus tigriceps4 Broom and Haughton 1913 reptile
SAM-PK-2672, snout and lower jaw
Osteichthyes
 Therapsida -
Emydops sp.5, Emydops platyceps n. sp.5, Dicynodon sp.5, Pristerodon sp.5, "Dicynodon pygmaeus n. sp." = Pristerodon mackayi2, "Endothiodon whaitsi" = Endothiodon bathystoma5
Emydops sp.5 Broom 1912 dicynodont
Emydops platyceps n. sp.5 Broom and Haughton 1917 dicynodont
SAM-PK-2667, a skull
Dicynodon sp.5 Owen 1845 dicynodont
Pristerodon sp.5 Huxley 1868 dicynodont
"Dicynodon pygmaeus n. sp." = Pristerodon mackayi2 Huxley 1868 dicynodont
SAM-PK-2664, a complete skull and mandibular symphysis, mostly embedded in matrix
"Endothiodon whaitsi" = Endothiodon bathystoma5 Owen dicynodont
 Therapsida - Pylaecephalidae
"Dicynodon testudirostris n. sp." = Diictodon feliceps1
"Dicynodon testudirostris n. sp." = Diictodon feliceps1 Owen 1876 dicynodont
SAM-PK-2354, a dorsoventrally crushed complete skull
 Therapsida - Cryptodontidae
"Dicynodon mustoi n. sp." = Oudenodon bainii5, "Dicynodon grandis n. sp." = Oudenodon grandis3
"Dicynodon mustoi n. sp." = Oudenodon bainii5 Owen 1860 therapsid
SAM-PK-2674, a well-preserved skull and lower jaws
"Dicynodon grandis n. sp." = Oudenodon grandis3 Haughton 1917 therapsid
SAM-PK-2679, a complete skull
 Therocephalia -
Therocephalia indet.5 therapsid
Unidentified specimens representing two small therocepalians
 Therocephalia - Ictidosuchidae
Ictidosuchoides longiceps5 Broom 1920 therapsid
 Therocephalia - Scaloposauridae
Icticephalus polycynodon5 Broom 1915 therapsid