Burghlee Ironstone, Loanhead, Midlothian (Carboniferous of the United Kingdom)

Also known as Rumbles Ironstone

Where: Scotland, United Kingdom (55.9° N, 3.1° W: paleocoordinates 0.7° N, 5.2° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Limestone Coal Formation (Clackmannan Group), Pendleian (326.4 - 318.1 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; ironstone and limestone

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Some specimens reside in RSM (Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh).

Primary reference: T. R. Smithson. 1985. The morphology and relationships of the Carboniferous amphibian Eoherpeton watsoni Panchen. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 85:317-410 [R. Butler/E. Dunne]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 174421: authorized by Richard Butler, entered by Emma Dunne on 12.11.2015

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• RSM 1967/13/1 Acherontiscus caledoniae is though to have come from this location based on sediment analysis (Carroll, 1969)
 Tetrapoda - Eoherpetontidae
Eoherpeton watsoni Panchen 1975 tetrapod
RSM GY 1963.15.116 (Left scapulocoracoid, left clavicle and series of vertebrae and ribs); ?RSM GY 1885.57.50 (left maxilla)
 Tetrapoda - Caerorhachidae
Caerorhachis bairdi n. gen. n. sp.4
Caerorhachis bairdi n. gen. n. sp.4 Holmes and Carroll 1977 tetrapod
MCZ 2271 (holotype; nearly complete skeleton)
 Baphetoidea - Baphetidae
Loxomma sp.2 Huxley 1862 tetrapod
NMS 1967.201 (lower jaw)
 Baphetoidea - Spathicephalidae
Spathicephalus mirus n. gen. n. sp.5
Spathicephalus mirus n. gen. n. sp.5 Watson 1929 tetrapod
RSM (2 skulls), NMS G 1950.56.3 (Skull in palatal exposure, incomplete anteriorly)
 Lepospondyli - Acherontiscidae
Acherontiscus caledoniae n. gen. n. sp.3
Acherontiscus caledoniae n. gen. n. sp.3 Carroll 1969 tetrapod
RSM 1967/13/1 (holotype; skull and associated postcranial skeleton). "The specimen bears no data as to horizon, locality or collector. The matrix is a fine-grained coal shale which resembles that of amphibians from the Loanhead No. 2 Ironstone of the Limestone Coal Group at burghlee, Midlothian, which is lower upper Carboniferous in British terms." Carroll (1969) with further ostracod evidence for the horizon.
 Adelospondyli - Adelogyrinidae
Adelospondylus watsoni1 Carroll 1967 lobe-finned fish