Biesjiespoort, Victoria West (Permian of South Africa)

Also known as Biesiespoort, Nobelsfontein

Where: Northern Cape, South Africa (31.4° S, 23.1° E: paleocoordinates 61.3° S, 28.7° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone zone, Beaufort Group, Wuchiapingian (259.9 - 254.2 Ma)

• Direct dates for Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone from Rubidge et al., 2013

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: J. W. Kitching. 1977. The distribution of the Karroo vertebrate fauna. Memoirs of the Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research 1:1-131 [H. Sims/J. Camp]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 174666: authorized by Richard Butler, entered by Juan Benito Moreno on 23.11.2015, edited by Richard Butler and Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Reptilia
 Gorgodontia -
"Cynariops robustus n. gen. n. sp." = Scylacognathus robustus9, Cynarioides gracilis n. sp.
"Cynariops robustus n. gen. n. sp." = Scylacognathus robustus9 Broom 1925 reptile
BMNH R 5743
Cynarioides gracilis n. sp. Broom 1930 reptile
Sectioned skull (location of type specimen currently unknown)
 Gorgodontia - Gorgonopidae
"Gorgonopsidae indet." = Gorgonopidae9, Lycaenops ornatus n. gen. n. sp.9, "Cynarioides tenuis n. gen. n. sp." = Aloposaurus tenuis2, Gorgonops torvus9
"Gorgonopsidae indet." = Gorgonopidae9 Lydekker 1890 reptile
BMNH R 5746, isolated braincase
Lycaenops ornatus n. gen. n. sp.9 Broom 1925 reptile
AMNH 2240, compressed skull with lower jaw, and most of the postcranial skeleton
"Cynarioides tenuis n. gen. n. sp." = Aloposaurus tenuis2 Brink and Kitching 1953 reptile
MMK 2046, crushed skull with lower jaw
Gorgonops torvus9 Owen 1876 reptile
BP/1/386, crushed skull with right lower jaw
Osteichthyes
 Therapsida -
Lycaenodon longiceps n. gen. n. sp.8
Lycaenodon longiceps n. gen. n. sp.8 Broom 1925 therapsid
BMNH R5700, anterior two-thirds of a skull lacking lower jaws
 Therapsida - Emydopidae
Palemydops platysoma n. gen. n. sp.1
Palemydops platysoma n. gen. n. sp.1 Broom 1921 dicynodont
BMNH R 4955, a skull
 Therapsida -
"Emydopsis longus n. sp." = Emydops arctatus, "Storthyggognathus haughtoni n. gen. n. sp." = Emydops haughtoni7
"Emydopsis longus n. sp." = Emydops arctatus Owen 1876 dicynodont
Three skulls, including the holotype BMHN R. 4956-9
"Storthyggognathus haughtoni n. gen. n. sp." = Emydops haughtoni7 Janensch 1952 dicynodont
BMNK, a skull
 Therapsida - Cistecephalidae
"Cistecephalus angusticeps n. sp." = Cistecephalus microrhinus4
"Cistecephalus angusticeps n. sp." = Cistecephalus microrhinus4 Owen 1876 dicynodont
BMNH R 5763, a skull
 Therapsida - Pristerodontidae
Emyduranus platyops n. gen. n. sp.1
Emyduranus platyops n. gen. n. sp.1 Broom 1921 dicynodont
BMNH R4959, a skull
 Therapsida - Pylaecephalidae
"Dicynodon sollasi n. sp." = Diictodon feliceps1, "Dicynodon psittacops" = Diictodon feliceps
"Dicynodon sollasi n. sp." = Diictodon feliceps1 Owen 1876 dicynodont
SAM-PK-7420, a dorsoventrally crushed complete skull and lower jaws
"Dicynodon psittacops" = Diictodon feliceps Owen 1876 dicynodont
 Therapsida - Endothiodontidae
Emydorhynchus formosus n. sp.5 Broom 1935 dicynodont
TM 241, a crushed skull
 Therapsida - Cryptodontidae
"Dicynodon curtus n. sp." = Oudenodon bainii1, "Dicynodon andrewsi n. sp." = Oudenodon bainii1, "Dicynodon wilmanae n. sp." = Oudenodon bainii3, "Bainia peavoti n. sp." = Aulacephalodon bainii4
"Dicynodon curtus n. sp." = Oudenodon bainii1 Owen 1860 therapsid
SAM-PK-7850, a distorted skull and disarticulated lower jaw
"Dicynodon andrewsi n. sp." = Oudenodon bainii1 Owen 1860 therapsid
MMK 4169, a strongle laterallly sheared skull missing the left squamosal and portions of both temporal arches
"Dicynodon wilmanae n. sp." = Oudenodon bainii3 Owen 1860 therapsid
MMK 4167, a well-preserved skull missing the right zygomatic arch
"Bainia peavoti n. sp." = Aulacephalodon bainii4 Owen 1845 therapsid
A complete skull
 Therocephalia -
Hofmeyria atavus6 Broom 1935 therapsid