Dalham and Upper Dalham (Permian of South Africa)

Where: Eastern Cape, South Africa (32.2° S, 24.6° E: paleocoordinates 62.7° S, 29.1° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone zone, Oudeberg Member (Balfour Formation), Wuchiapingian (259.9 - 254.2 Ma)

• Direct dates for the Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone from Rubidge et al., 2013

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: RC: Rubidge Collection, Wellwood

Primary reference: J. W. Kitching. 1977. The distribution of the Karroo vertebrate fauna. Memoirs of the Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research 1:1-131 [H. Sims/J. Camp]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 176504: authorized by Richard Butler, entered by Juan Benito Moreno on 15.02.2016, edited by Richard Butler

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Procolophonia -
Anthodon serrarius Owen 1876 parareptile
Osteichthyes
 Therapsida -
Dicynodontia indet. Owen 1859 dicynodont
Includes small, medium and large specimens
 Therapsida - Cryptodontidae
"Dicynodon cyclops n. sp." = Oudenodon bainii2
"Dicynodon cyclops n. sp." = Oudenodon bainii2 Owen 1860 therapsid
SAM-PK-3447, a poorly prepared partial skull
 Therapsida - Gorgonopidae
"Pardocephalus wallacei n. gen. n. sp." = Smilesaurus ferox1, Dinogorgon rubidgei3
"Pardocephalus wallacei n. gen. n. sp." = Smilesaurus ferox1 Broom 1948 therapsid
RC 82, partial skull
Dinogorgon rubidgei3 Broom 1936 therapsid
BP/1/5322, weathered partial skull