Agate Springs Quarries ( of the United States)

Also known as Agate Bone Bed; Agate Fossil Beds; Agate Spring Quarries; Carnegie Hill; University Hill; Peterson's Quarries 1 and 2; ETE Locality 1506

Where: Sioux County, Nebraska (42.4° N, 103.9° W: paleocoordinates 43.3° N, 98.8° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Basal Member (Marsland Formation), Harrisonian (24.8 - 20.4 Ma)

• "basal member of Upper Harrison Beds"

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "channel"; sandstone

• ETE sed env 1: fluvial, ETE sed env 2: channel

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: ETE reference list: 478

Primary reference: O. A. Peterson. 1907. The Miocene Beds of Western Nebraska and Eastern Wyoming and Their Vertebrate Faunae. Annals of Carnegie Museum 4(3):21-72 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 17741: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993, edited by Matthew Carrano and Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• does NOT include Peterson's Quarry A (see)
see also Beardog Hill (= Quarry 3, Den Site)
miscellaneous "Agate" records: "Cynodesmus" thomsoni Peterson 1910: "upper Harrison beds... Niobrara River, Sioux Co." Desmocyon thomsoni Wang et al. 1999: "south of Harrison, high brown sand"; "locality KU-NE-028, Dout Ranch, Sitting Hen and vicinity" (all Upper Harrison) "Cynarctus" acridens McGrew 1937a: referred specimen, "upper Harrison beds east of Agate, Sioux County"; this is actually Cynarctoides emryi: Wang et al. 1999 "Promerycochoerus carrikeri" Schultz and Falkenbach 1949: "2 mi. N. of Harrison-Van Tassel road, 1/2 mi. E. of Wyoming state line"; same "1/4 mi. E" of line; and "S. of Harrison"; all in "upper portion of the Harrison beds" - Harrison Fm. or Upper Harrison?? "Phenacocoelus stouti" Schultz and Falkenbach 1950: "south of Harrison, Sioux County" implicitly assigned to the "lower Marsland" Oxydactylus campestris Cook 1909a: "Lower Harrison Beds, near Agate, Sioux County" Nanotragulus albanensis Frick 1937: type, "Lower Harrison, Sioux County"
revision of Peterson 1906, 1907
 Charadriiformes - Haematopodidae
Paractiornis perpusillus n. gen. n. sp.12
Paractiornis perpusillus n. gen. n. sp.12 Wetmore 1930 shorebird
1929 MCZ collection from "Carnegie Hill, Agate fossil quarry"
 Galliformes - Tetraonidae
Palaealectoris incertus n. gen. n. sp.12
Palaealectoris incertus n. gen. n. sp.12 Wetmore 1930 grouse
1928 MCZ collection from "Agate Springs quarries"
 Galliformes - Cracidae
Ortalis tantala n. sp.13
Ortalis tantala n. sp.13 Wetmore 1933 chachalaca
H. J. Cook collection made between 1929 and 1931 from "the large quarry... on the southwest side of Carnegie Hill"
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Accipitridae indet.13, "Proictinia effera n. sp." = Promilio efferus14
Accipitridae indet.13 Viellot 1816 hawk
H. J. Cook collection made between 1929 and 1931 from "the large quarry... on the southwest side of Carnegie Hill"
"Proictinia effera n. sp." = Promilio efferus14 Wetmore 1923 hawk
 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
Moropus elatus Marsh 1877 chalicothere
"M. sp." of Hunt 1985
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
"Diceratherium arikarense n. sp." = Menoceras arikarense2, "Diceratherium cooki n. sp." = Menoceras arikarense, "Diceratherium loomisi n. sp." = Menoceras arikarense3, Diceratherium sp.6, Diceratherium niobrarense11
"Diceratherium arikarense n. sp." = Menoceras arikarense2 Barbour 1906 rhinoceros
"Diceratherium cooki n. sp." = Menoceras arikarense Barbour 1906 rhinoceros
see also Prothero and Manning 1987; "M. sp." of Hunt 1985
"Diceratherium loomisi n. sp." = Menoceras arikarense3 Barbour 1906 rhinoceros
Diceratherium sp.6 Marsh 1875 rhinoceros
Diceratherium niobrarense11 Peterson 1906 rhinoceros
"Arikareean Quarry A" and "Agate Springs Quarry A"
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equidae indet.1 Gray 1821 horse
Anchitherium agatense5 anchitheriine horse
from "Agate Springs"; not in Hunt's list
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Cephalogale sp.6 Jourdan 1862 bear
not discussed in Hunt 1972; at University Quarry according to Hunt 1998a
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Ysengrinia americana8 Wortman 1901 bear-dog
from University Quarry: Hunt 1998b
Cynelos sp.6 Jourdan 1862 bear-dog
from Quarry 1 according to Albright 1996, Hunt 1998b
Delotrochanter oryktes9 Hunt 2011 bear-dog
"removed from Princeton University quarry block (now YPM-PU 12213), Princeton Expedition of 1914, loc. 1002A, Carnegie Hill waterhole bonebed, Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, Sioux County, Nebraska"
Daphoenodon superbus7 Peterson 1907 bear-dog
University Quarry and Carnegie Quarry 1
 Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
"Merycoides harrisonensis" = Paramerychyus harrisonensis1
"Merycoides harrisonensis" = Paramerychyus harrisonensis1 Peterson 1907 oreodont
presumably includes any of several "Upper Harrison" oreodonts of Peterson 1907; no oreodonts in Hunt's list
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
"Thinohyus siouxensis n. sp." = Stuckyhyus siouxensis10
"Thinohyus siouxensis n. sp." = Stuckyhyus siouxensis10 Peterson 1906 peccary
"Agate Spring Stock Farm"
 Ungulata - Entelodontidae
Dinohyus hollandi n. sp. Peterson 1905 even-toed ungulate
"D. sp." of Hunt 1985
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelidae indet.6 Gray 1821 camel
 Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Blastomeryx pristinus n. sp.4 Cook 1934 ruminant
specific quarry not indicated