Burge Quarry (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as UCMP V-3312

Where: Cherry County, Nebraska (42.8° N, 100.8° W: paleocoordinates 43.3° N, 98.2° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Burge Member (Valentine Formation), Clarendonian (13.6 - 10.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Reposited in the UCMP

Primary reference: S. D. Webb. 1969. The Burge and Minnechaduza Clarendonian Mammalian Faunas of North-Central Nebraska. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 78:1-191 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 18077: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 05.08.1992, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• see Wade Quarry for discussion of Davis Ash
ignore list of Voorhies 1990, which is a composite
originally described by Stirton and McGrew 1935
3000 F:AM specimens, 23 UNSM specimens, 52 post-McGrew UCMP specimens: Skinner and Johnson 1984; because Webb's material is from the UCMP, these figures are not useable
"Ustatochoerus major" Schultz and Falkenbach 1941: "N. and E. of Burge Post Office"
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Monosaulax sp.2 Stirton 1935 beaver
Eucastor sp. Allen 1877 beaver
 Rodentia - Mylagaulidae
Ceratogaulus cf. rhinocerus4 Matthew 1902 rodent
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras medicornutum5 Osborn 1904 rhinoceros
AMNH specimen
Aphelops megalodus5 Cope 1873 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparionini indet.1 Quinn 1955 hipparionine horse
Hippotherium sp. Kaup 1832 hipparionine horse
two skulls measured at AMNH: JA pers. obs.
Cormohipparion johnsoni n. sp.8 Woodburne 2007 hipparionine horse
Cormohipparion merriami8 Woodburne 2007 hipparionine horse
Pseudhipparion retrusum Cope 1889 hipparionine horse
Pliohippus pernix Marsh 1874 horse
Protohippus supremus Leidy 1869 horse
Hypohippus affinis Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Ischyrocyon gidleyi Matthew 1902 bear-dog
confirmed by Hunt 1998b
Pseudocyon sp.3 Lartet 1851 bear-dog
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustelidae indet.1 Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Canidae
Leptocyon vafer6 Leidy 1858 canine
Aelurodon stirtoni7 Wang et al. 1999 bone-crushing dog
F:AM specimens; UCMP type also accidentally listed here by Webb, but elsewhere in the text correctly placed at Fence Line (see)
Aelurodon ferox7 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
Carpocyon webbi7 Wang et al. 1999 bone-crushing dog
"Tomarctus euthos" = Paratomarctus euthos McGrew 1935 bone-crushing dog
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
"Gomphotherium willistoni" = Tetrabelodon osborni1
"Gomphotherium willistoni" = Tetrabelodon osborni1 Barbour 1916 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
Ustatochoerus medius Leidy 1858 oreodont
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Prosthennops niobrarensis Colbert 1935 peccary
see also Wright and Eshelman 1987; Wright 1993
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Protolabis sp. Cope 1876 camel
Procamelus grandis Gregory 1939 camel
Aepycamelus sp. Macdonald 1956 camel
 Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Cranioceras unicornis Matthew 1918 ruminant
see also Frick 1937
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Cosoryx furcatus Leidy 1869 pronghorn
see also Frick 1937
 Ungulata - Moschidae
Longirostromeryx wellsi Matthew 1904 musk deer
see also Frick 1937