Devil's Gulch Quarry (Miocene of the United States)

Where: Brown County, Nebraska (42.7° N, 100.0° W: paleocoordinates 43.3° N, 96.7° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Devil's Gulch Member (Valentine Formation), Barstovian (16.3 - 12.5 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: M. F. Skinner and F. W. Johnson. 1984. Tertiary stratigraphy and the Frick Collection of fossil vertebrates from north-central Nebraska. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 178(3):1-368 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 18123: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 15.05.2002, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• "about 60" F:AM specimens, including some unstudied taxa: Skinner and Johnson 1984
Aves
 Anseriformes -
Heterochen pratensis n. gen. n. sp.4
Heterochen pratensis n. gen. n. sp.4 Short 1970 waterfowl
Reptilia
 Testudines - Testudinidae
Testudo sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 turtle
"Testudo orthopygia" = Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) orthopygia2 Cope 1878 turtle
Mammalia
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
"Mastodon ? euhypodon" = Mammut2
"Mastodon ? euhypodon" = Mammut2 mastodon
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Eubelodon morrilli n. gen. n. sp.2
Eubelodon morrilli n. gen. n. sp.2 Barbour 1914 gomphothere
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Camelidae indet.2 Gray 1821 camel
camelid undetermined
Oxydactylus sp.2 Peterson 1904 camel
Procamelus sp.2 Leidy 1858 camel
Pliauchenia sp.2 Cope 1875 camel
"Alticamelus sp." = Aepycamelus2 Macdonald 1956 camel
 Artiodactyla - Palaeomerycidae
Procranioceras skinneri1 Frick 1937 ruminant
 Artiodactyla - Antilocapridae
Merycodus necatus2 Leidy 1854 pronghorn
 Artiodactyla - Merycoidodontidae
"Merychyus medius" = Ustatochoerus medius1, "Merychyus novomexicanus" = Ustatochoerus medius novomexicanus1, "Metoreodon sp." = Merychyus2
"Merychyus medius" = Ustatochoerus medius1 Leidy 1858 oreodont
"Merychyus novomexicanus" = Ustatochoerus medius novomexicanus1 Frick 1929 oreodont
"Metoreodon sp." = Merychyus2 Leidy 1858 oreodont
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Parahippus sp.2 Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
Hypohippus sp.2 Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
Pliohippus sp.2 Marsh 1874 horse
Protohippus sp.2 Leidy 1858 horse
Merychippus sp.2 Leidy 1856 horse
Hippotherium sp.1 Kaup 1832 hipparionine horse
Hipparion sp.2 de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet.2 Gray 1821 rhinoceros
rhinoceros undetermined
Teleoceras sp.2 Hatcher 1894 rhinoceros
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustelidae indet.2 Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
mustelid undetermined
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
? Temnocyon sp.2 Cope 1878 bear-dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
Machaerodus sp.2 Kaup 1833 cat
sp. nov
 Carnivora - Canidae
"Cyon sp." = Cuon2 Hodgson 1838 dhole
Paratomarctus temerarius5 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
F:AM "Devil's Gulch" in the Devil's Gulch Member
Carpocyon compressus5 Cope 1890 bone-crushing dog
"Devil's Gulch Member... Talus of Devil's Gulch"
Aelurodon sp.2 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
Tephrocyon sp.2 Merriam 1906 bone-crushing dog
Cynarctus sp.2 Matthew 1902 bone-crushing dog
sp. nov.
Cynarctus cf. saxatilis3 Matthew 1902 bone-crushing dog