Bluff Downs (Pliocene of Australia)

Where: Queensland, Australia (19.7° S, 145.6° E: paleocoordinates 22.5° S, 144.9° E)

When: Allingham Formation, Zanclean (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• K/Ar dating of the basalts capping the Allingham Formation at its type section (Bluff Downs flow) reveal a minimum age of 3.6 Ma (see Mackness et al., 2000, Austr. J. Earth Sci. 47).

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; silty, calcareous limestone

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: M. Archer and M. Wade. 1976. Results of the Ray E. Lemley expeditions; Part 1, the Allingham Formation and a new Pliocene vertebrate fauna from northern Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 17(3):379-398 [M. Uhen/E. Hansen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 182159: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Erik Hansen on 11.10.2016, edited by Mark Uhen and Grace Varnham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Actinopteri
 Teleostei -
Teleostei indet.
spines and vertebrae
Mammalia
 Diprotodontia - Phascolarctidae
Koobor jimbarratti n. gen. n. sp.
Koobor jimbarratti n. gen. n. sp. koala
 Diprotodontia - Vombatidae
Phascolonus lemleyi n. sp. Archer 1976 wombat
 Diprotodontia - Diprotodontidae
Diprotodontidae indet. Gill 1872 diprotodont marsupial
"Nototheriine"
Euryzygoma sp. Longman 1921 diprotodont marsupial
Zygomaturus sp. Owen 1858 diprotodont marsupial
 Diprotodontia - Thylacoleonidae
Thylacoleo sp. Owen 1852 diprotodont marsupial
 Diprotodontia - Macropodidae
Macropodidae indet. Gray 1821 kangaroo
similar to Thylogale
Macropus cf. woodsi Bartholomai 1975 kangaroo
Macropus cf. dryas De Vis 1895 kangaroo
Protemnodon sp. Owen 1874 kangaroo
 Peramelemorphia - Peramelidae
Perameles allinghamensis n. sp. Archer and Wade 1976 long-nosed bandicoot
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
cf. Numenius sp. Brisson 1760 snipe
 Phoenicopteriformes - Phoenicopteridae
Phoenicopterus cf. ruber Linnaeus 1758 American flamingo
 Galliformes - Megapodiidae
"Progura cf. naracoortensis" = Latagallina naracoortensis
"Progura cf. naracoortensis" = Latagallina naracoortensis van Tets 1974 megapode
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Nettapus sp. Brandt 1836 waterfowl
Dendrocygna arcuata Horsfield 1824 Wandering whistling-duck
Cygnus atratus Latham 1790 black swan
Cereopsis sp. Latham 1801 Cape barren goose
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Rallidae indet. Vigors 1825 rail
Porphyrio porphyrio Linnaeus 1758 western swamphen
subspecies nujagura
Porzana sp. Vieillot 1816 rail
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris Brandt 1837 Little black cormorant
 Suliformes - Anhingidae
Anhinga sp. Brisson 1760 darter
 Pelecaniformes - Threskiornithidae
Threskiornis cf. molucca Cuvier 1829 Australian ibis
 Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae
"cf. Ardea picata" = Egretta picata
"cf. Ardea picata" = Egretta picata Gould 1845 pied heron
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus Latham 1790 black-necked stork
Reptilia
 Crocodylia -
Pallimnarchus sp. De Vis 1886 crocodilian
 Squamata - Pythonidae
? Morelia sp. Gray 1842 python
 Squamata - Elapidae
? Elapidae indet. Boié 1827 snake
small vertebrae
 Squamata - Agamidae
Agamidae indet. Gray 1827 squamates
similar to Aphibolurus spp.
 Squamata - Varanidae
Varanus sp. Merrem 1820 monitor lizard
 Testudines - Chelidae
? Chelodina sp. Fitzinger 1826 sideneck turtle
Crustacea
  -
Crustacea indet. Brünnich 1772
unidentified gastrolith