Valentine Railway Quarries (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as Railway Quarry "A" (Aelurodon platyrhinus Quarry; UNSM Cr-12; UCMP V-337), Railway Quarry "B" (UNSM Cr-13), West Valentine Quarry (UNSM Cr-114)

Where: Cherry County, Nebraska (42.8° N, 100.8° W: paleocoordinates 43.4° N, 97.5° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Crookston Bridge Member (Valentine Formation), Barstovian (16.0 - 13.6 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: M. R. Voorhies. 1990. Vertebrate paleontology of the proposed Norden Reservoir Area, Brown, Cherry and Keya Paha counties, Nebraska. Technical Report, Division of Archeological Research, Department of Anthropology, University of Nebraska 82-09 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 18442: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 05.08.1992, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Cr-12, -13, and -114 yielded "over 2000," "nearly 400," and "fewer than 50" specimens: Evander 1986; reported as 2430, 376, and 44 by Skinner and Johnson 1984, who seem more reliable; their total is 2760

•Stewart Quarry and Fischer Quarry (see) are just a few hundred meters to the west and in the same horizon

Actinopteri
 Siluriformes - Ictaluridae
Ictalurus sp.4 Rafinesque 1820 catfish
 Amiiformes - Amiidae
Amia sp.4 Linnaeus 1766 bowfin
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Scaphiopus sp.9 Holbrook 1836 spadefoot toad
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp.4 Linnaeus 1758 frog
 Salientia - Hylidae
Hyla sp.4 Laurenti 1768 tree frog
V-337-ND: see Chantell 1966
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo valentinensis4 Estes and Tihen 1964 toad
Cr-12
 Caudata - Urodela
"Ambystoma minshalli" = Amblystoma4
"Ambystoma minshalli" = Amblystoma4 mole salamander
Cr-12
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychidae indet.2 Gray 1825 softshell turtle
Cr-13: carapace fragment, no subgeneric assignment
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
Chelydra sp.9 Schweigger 1812 Snapping turtle
Cr-12
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Geochelone orthopygia" = Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) orthopygia4
"Geochelone orthopygia" = Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) orthopygia4 Cope 1878 turtle
Cr-12 and Cr-13
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Glyptemys valentinensis n. sp.8 Holman and Fritz 2001 turtle
type is from Quarry A and previously was identified as C. picta; some referred material from West Valentine previously was referred to E. hutchisoni; also present at Quarry B; erroneously discussed as G. insculpta by Holman 2002
Emydoidea hutchisoni n. sp.7 Holman 1995 turtle
West Valentine Quarry; also present at Railway Quarry B according to Hutchison 2002, but all referred specimens are Chrysemys or indeterminate emydids according to Hutchison 2003
Chrysemys picta9 Schneider 1783 painted turtle
Cr-12
 Squamata - Iguanidae
Leiocephalus sp.9 Gray 1827 curly-tailed lizard
Cr-13: said to be a new species
 Squamata - Colubridae
Colubrinae indet.4 Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
Cr-13
Salvadora paleolineata9 Holman 1973 colubrid snake
Cr-13
Neonatrix elongata9 Holman 1973 colubrid snake
Cr-13
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Copemys sp.5 Wood 1936 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Tamiini indet." = Marmotini5
"Tamiini indet." = Marmotini5 squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Phelosaccomys sp.5 Korth and Reynolds 1994 pocket gopher
Cr-13: presumably includes "Parapliosaccomys annae"
 Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Cupidinimus nebraskensis11 Wood 1935 rodent
at Cr-12, 13, and type from Cr-13: Evander 1999
Perognathus cf. furlongi5 Gazin 1930 pocket mouse
Cr-13
Perognathus trojectioansrum14 Korth 1979 pocket mouse
omitted by Evander 1999, and possibly includes his "Cupidinimus sp." from Cr-13
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Anchitheriomys sp.14 Roger 1885 beaver
Monosaulax skinneri n. sp.5 Stout 1999 beaver
from Cr-12; also at Cr-13; "M. pansus"; also described by Stirton 1935
Prodipoides burgensis13 Korth 2002 beaver
Eucastor tortus14 Leidy 1858 beaver
from Cr-12, 13: Evander 1999
"Monosaulax valentinensis" = Temperocastor valentinensis5 Stout 1999 beaver
 Rodentia - Mylagaulidae
Pterogaulus sp.12 Korth 2000 rodent
Pterogaulus laevis5 Matthew 1902 rodent
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Hypolagus parviplicatus14 Dawson 1958 rabbit
(Cr-12), (Cr-13), (Cr-114): Voorhies and Timperley 1997
Hypolagus fontinalis15 Dawson 1958 rabbit
(Cr-13), (Cr-114)
Pronotolagus albus15 Voorhies and Timperley 1997 rabbit
(Cr-114)
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Russellagus vonhofi14 Storer 1970 pika
omitted by Evander 1999, but present at Cr-114 according to Bair 2001
Hesperolagomys sp.3 Clark et al. 1964 pika
from Cr-12, 13: Evander 1999; also at Cr-114: Bair 2001
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
Parvericius montanus14 Koerner 1940 hedgehog
"? Lanthanotherium sp." = Lantanotherium14 Filhol 1888 hedgehog
Metechinus amplior14 Rich 1981 hedgehog
Untermannerix copiosus14 Rich 1981 hedgehog
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Mystipterus sp.14 Hall 1930 mole
Domninoides valentinensis14 Reed 1962 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras sp.1 Hatcher 1894 rhinoceros
Peraceras cf. superciliosum1 Cope 1880 rhinoceros
Aphelops sp.14 Owen 1845 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus cf. polkensis1 Olsen 1960 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Merychippus cf. insignis14 Leidy 1856 horse
Cormohipparion goorisi6 MacFadden and Skinner 1981 hipparionine horse
UNSM 1352
"Hippotherium quinni" = Cormohipparion quinni17 Woodburne 1996 hipparionine horse
Pseudhipparion cf. retrusum14 Cope 1889 hipparionine horse
Pliohippus mirabilis14 Leidy 1858 horse
Protohippus perditus14 Leidy 1858 horse
Calippus sp.10 Matthew and Stirton 1930 horse
pers. commun.: "C. placidus"; said to be a new species
Calippus regulus10 Johnston 1937 horse
pers. commun.
Anchitheriinae indet.1 Leidy 1869 anchitheriine horse
Parahippus cognatus14 Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
Megahippus mckennai14 Tedford and Alf 1962 anchitheriine horse
Hypohippus osborni14 Gidley 1907 anchitheriine horse
 Tribosphenida - Plesiosoricidae
Plesiosorex donroosai14 Green 1977 placental
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Soricidae indet.14 Fischer 1814 shrew
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Vespertilionidae indet.14 Gray 1821 vesper bat
a bat
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Arctonasua sp.14, "Probassariscus antiquus" = Bassariscus antiquus14
Arctonasua sp.14 Baskin 1982 procyonid carnivore
"Probassariscus antiquus" = Bassariscus antiquus14 Matthew and Cook 1909 ringtail
apparently includes "Bassariscus parvus"
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyonidae indet.14 Haeckel 1886 bear-dog
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Hypsoparia cf. bozemanensis" = Leptarctus primus1, Pliogale sp.14, Mionictis sp.14
"Hypsoparia cf. bozemanensis" = Leptarctus primus1 Leidy 1856 mustelid carnivore
Pliogale sp.14 Hall 1930 skunk
Mionictis sp.14 Matthew 1924 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Leptocyon vafer14 Leidy 1858 canine
Cynarctus saxatilis14 Matthew 1902 bone-crushing dog
confirmed by Wang et al. 1999
Aelurodon mcgrewi16 Wang et al. 1999 bone-crushing dog
Aelurodon ferox14 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
includes type of A. "platyrhinus" from Quarry A; also at Cr-114, see Wang et al. 1999
Carpocyon compressus1 Cope 1890 bone-crushing dog
Paratomarctus temerarius1 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
Pseudaelurus intrepidus14 Leidy 1858 cat
Pseudaelurus marshi14 Thorpe 1922 cat
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
"Gomphotherium cf. willistoni" = Tetrabelodon osborni1
"Gomphotherium cf. willistoni" = Tetrabelodon osborni1 Barbour 1916 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Zygolophodon sp.14 Vacek 1877 mastodon
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
Prosthennops xiphodonticus1 Barbour 1925 peccary
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Protolabis cf. gracilis14 Leidy 1858 camel
Floridatragulus sp.14 White 1940 camel
Procamelus occidentalis14 Leidy 1858 camel
Aepycamelus robustus14 Leidy 1858 camel
 Artiodactyla - Merycoidodontidae
"Merychyus medius" = Ustatochoerus medius1
"Merychyus medius" = Ustatochoerus medius1 Leidy 1858 oreodont
 Artiodactyla - Leptomerycidae
Pseudoparablastomeryx francescita14 Frick 1937 ruminant
 Artiodactyla - Palaeomerycidae
Procranioceras skinneri1 Frick 1937 ruminant
 Artiodactyla - Antilocapridae
Merycodus warreni14 Leidy 1858 pronghorn
includes "M. warreni johnsoni" material of Frick 1937 from Quarry A and Quarry B
Submeryceros minor14 Frick 1937 pronghorn
 Artiodactyla - Moschidae
"Longirostromeryx blicki" = Longirostromeryx wellsi14
"Longirostromeryx blicki" = Longirostromeryx wellsi14 Matthew 1904 musk deer
apparently includes "Blastomeryx gemmifer valentinensis" type; "L. serpentis"; and "B. elegans" of Frick 1937 from Quarry A