Fourth and Hill Streets, Los Angeles (Pliocene of the United States)

Also known as Fourth Street Fauna; Fourth Street at Broadway; excavation for the foundation of the Broadway Department Store Building

Where: Los Angeles County, California (34.0° N, 118.2° W: paleocoordinates 33.9° N, 117.3° W)

When: Fernando Formation, Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• Thirty four feet below the surface

Environment/lithology: marine; gray, blue claystone

• clay shale

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by J. Z. Gilbert in 1913

Primary reference: C. L. Moody. 1916. Fauna of the Fernando of Los Angeles. University of California, Bulletin of the Department of Geology 10(4):39-62 [J. Marcot/J. Marcot]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 186031: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 06.06.2017, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Lagenina
 Nodosariacea - Nodosariidae
Nodosaria sp. Lamarck 1812
Malacostraca
 Decapoda - Cancridae
Cancer sp. Linnaeus 1758 lobster
Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Terebrataliidae
 Terebratulida - Laqueidae
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca sp. Linnaeus 1758 ark
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Pecten sp., Pecten (Propeamusium) levis n. sp., "Pecten (Pecten) hemphilli" = Pecten (Pecten) bellus, "Pecten (Patinopecten) caurinus" = Patinopecten caurinus, "Pecten (Chlamys) hericeus" = Chlamys, "Pecten (Chlamys) opuntia" = Chlamys opuntia, "Pecten hindsi" = Chlamys rubida2, "Pecten (Hinnites) giganteus" = Crassadoma gigantea
Pecten sp. Müller 1776 scallop
Pecten (Propeamusium) levis n. sp. Moody 1916 scallop
"Pecten (Pecten) hemphilli" = Pecten (Pecten) bellus Conrad 1857 scallop
"Pecten (Patinopecten) caurinus" = Patinopecten caurinus Gould 1850 scallop
"Pecten (Chlamys) hericeus" = Chlamys scallop
"Pecten (Chlamys) opuntia" = Chlamys opuntia Dall 1898 scallop
"Pecten hindsi" = Chlamys rubida2 Hinds 1845 scallop
"Pecten (Hinnites) giganteus" = Crassadoma gigantea Gray 1825 scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomia lampe, "Monia macroschisma" = Pododesmus macrochisma
"Monia macroschisma" = Pododesmus macrochisma Deshayes 1839 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea erici2 Hertlein 1929 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Mytilus edulis Linnaeus 1758 mussel
Modiolus sp. Lamarck 1801 mussel
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Cardita occidentalis" = Cyclocardia (Cyclocardia) occidentalis2 Conrad 1855 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
"Corbula tenuis n. sp." = Tenuicorbula tenuis
"Corbula tenuis n. sp." = Tenuicorbula tenuis Sowerby 1833 clam
 Pholadida - Myidae
"Mya truncata" = Mya (Mya) truncata2
"Mya truncata" = Mya (Mya) truncata2 Linnaeus 1758 softshell clam
 Pholadida - Pholadidae
"Pholadidea penita" = Penitella penita
"Pholadidea penita" = Penitella penita Conrad 1837 clam
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama (Chama) pellucida2 Broderip 1835 jewel box
"Chama exogyra" = Pseudochama exogyra Conrad 1837 jewel box
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Spisula catilliformis" = Mactromeris catilliformis
"Spisula catilliformis" = Mactromeris catilliformis Conrad 1867 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Protothaca staminea" = Leukoma staminea2 Conrad 1837 venus clam
Chione simillima venus clam
Chione sp. von Mühlfield 1811 venus clam
Marcia subdiaphana venus clam
Saxidomus nuttalli Conrad 1837 venus clam
Macrocallista densa n. sp. Moody 1916 venus clam
"Tivela stultorum" = Tivela (Pachydesma) stultorum Mawe 1823 venus clam
"Petricola carditoides" = Petricola (Petricola) carditoides Conrad 1837 venus clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellina sp. Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
"Macoma calcarea" = Macoma (Macoma) calcarea Gmelin 1792 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Psammobiidae
"Gari edentula" = Gari (Gobraeus) furcata2
"Gari edentula" = Gari (Gobraeus) furcata2 Hinds 1845 clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
"Semele decisa" = Semele (Semele) decisa2
"Semele decisa" = Semele (Semele) decisa2 Conrad 1837 clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
"Panope generosa" = Panopea abrupta Conrad 1849 clam
 Solenida - Solenidae
"Solen sicarius" = Solen (Ensisolen) sicarius
"Solen sicarius" = Solen (Ensisolen) sicarius Gould 1850 clam
 Solenida - Pharidae
Siliqua lucida Conrad 1837 clam
 Pandorida - Lyonsiidae
 Thraciida - Thraciidae
"Thracia trapezoides" = Thracia (Homoeodesma) trapezoides
"Thracia trapezoides" = Thracia (Homoeodesma) trapezoides Conrad 1849 clam
 Lucinida - Thyasiridae
"Thyasira gouldi" = Thyasira gouldii
"Thyasira gouldi" = Thyasira gouldii Philippi 1845 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Phacoides cf. annulatus" = Lucinoma annulatum Reeve 1850 clam
 Myoida -
Panomya ampla Dall 1898 clam
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
"Leda hamata" = Nuculana (Nuculana) hamata, "Leda tephria" = Nuculana
"Leda hamata" = Nuculana (Nuculana) hamata Carpenter 1864 pointed nut clam
"Leda tephria" = Nuculana pointed nut clam
 Protobranchia - Yoldiidae
Yoldia scissurata Dall 1897 clam
Gastropoda
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
Epitonium hindsi wentletrap
Epitonium indianorum Carpenter 1864 wentletrap
"Epidonium (Opalia) retiporosa" = Opalia (Nodiscala) retiporosa Carpenter 1863 wentletrap
 Patellogastropoda - Lottiidae
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
Cylichna alba Brown 1827 snail
 Triphoroidea - Triphoridae
"Triphoris adversa" = Triphora
"Triphoris adversa" = Triphora snail
 Triphoroidea - Cerithiopsidae
Cerithiopsis sp.1 Hanley 1849 snail
 Cerithiacea - Turritellidae
Turritella jewetti turret shell
Turritella cooperi Carpenter 1864 turret shell
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Olivella intorta olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
"Columbella (Astyris) tuberosa" = Astyris, Columbella (Astyris) constantia n. sp., Columbella californiana, "Columbella (Astyris) carinata" = Mitrella hilberi, "Columbella (Astyris) gausapata" = Mitrella gausapata, Amphissa columbiana1, Amphissa versicolor
"Columbella (Astyris) tuberosa" = Astyris snail
Columbella (Astyris) constantia n. sp. Moody 1916 snail
"Columbella (Astyris) carinata" = Mitrella hilberi Cossmann 1901 snail
"Columbella (Astyris) gausapata" = Mitrella gausapata Gould 1850 snail
Amphissa versicolor Dall 1871 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
"Tritonofusus sp." = Colus Röding 1798 true whelk
Chrysodomus dirus true whelk
var. nov. meridiei
Nassa insculpta true whelk
Nassa perpinguis true whelk
Nassa mendica Gould 1849 true whelk
"Nassa cooperi" = Nassa mendica cooperi Forbes 1852 true whelk
Siphonalia gilberti n. sp. Moody 1916 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
Admete gracilior Carpenter 1869 admete
Cancellaria quadrata n. sp. Moody 1916 snail
 Neogastropoda - Mitridae
Mitra maura mitre shell
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
"Trophon (Boreotrophon) gracilis" = Boreotrophon, "Trophon (Boreotrophon) stuarti" = Boreotrophon, Trophon (Boreotrophon) raymondi n. sp., Purpura foliata, "Tritonalia squamulifera" = Purpura (Tritonalia)2, Murex interfossa, Murex lurida, Murex peritus, Murex sp.
"Trophon (Boreotrophon) gracilis" = Boreotrophon murex snail
"Trophon (Boreotrophon) stuarti" = Boreotrophon murex snail
var. praecursor
Trophon (Boreotrophon) raymondi n. sp. Moody 1916 murex snail
Purpura foliata Martyn 1784 murex snail
"Tritonalia squamulifera" = Purpura (Tritonalia)2 murex snail
Murex interfossa murex snail
Murex lurida murex snail
Murex peritus murex snail
Murex sp. Linnaeus 1758 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae
Bela sanctaemonicae, "Mangilia angulata" = Cythara (Mangelia), "Mangilia hexagona" = Cythara (Mangelia), "Mangilia oldroydia" = Cythara (Mangelia), Mangilia muricidea n. sp.
"Mangilia angulata" = Cythara (Mangelia) snail
"Mangilia hexagona" = Cythara (Mangelia) snail
"Mangilia oldroydia" = Cythara (Mangelia) snail
Mangilia muricidea n. sp. Moody 1916 snail
 Neogastropoda - Drilliidae
Clathrodrillia incisa2, "Turris (Drillia) mercedensis" = Drillia, "Turris (Drillia) renaudi" = Drillia, "Turris (Drillia) ? inermis" = Drillia, Turris (Drillia) modestus n. sp.
Clathrodrillia incisa2 snail
genus misspelled as "Clathodrillia" as Clathodrillia incisa fancherae
"Turris (Drillia) mercedensis" = Drillia snail
"Turris (Drillia) renaudi" = Drillia snail
"Turris (Drillia) ? inermis" = Drillia snail
Turris (Drillia) modestus n. sp. Moody 1916 snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
 Neogastropoda -
"Mangilia (Clathurella) conradiana" = Glyphostoma conradiana
"Mangilia (Clathurella) conradiana" = Glyphostoma conradiana Gabb 1866 snail
 Neogastropoda - Borsoniidae
Borsonia inculta n. sp. Moody 1916 snail
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
"Conus californicus" = Californiconus californicus
"Conus californicus" = Californiconus californicus Reeve 1844 cone shell
 Littorinoidea - Littorinidae
Lacuna compacta periwinkle
Lacuna porrecta periwinkle
Lacuna solidula periwinkle
 Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae
Cheilea equestris2 Linnaeus 1758 hoof shell
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Natica (Cryptonatica) clausa" = Cryptonatica affinis, Polinices lewisi2, "Natica (Neverita) recluziana" = Glossaulax reclusiana
"Natica (Cryptonatica) clausa" = Cryptonatica affinis Gmelin 1791 moon snail
Polinices lewisi2 moon snail
"Natica (Neverita) recluziana" = Glossaulax reclusiana Deshayes 1839 moon snail
 Vermetoidea - Vermetidae
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Calyptraea radians slipper shell
Crepidula dorsata slipper shell
Crepidula grandis slipper shell
Crepidula adunca Sowerby 1824 slipper shell
Crepidula adunca1 Sowerby 1824 slipper shell
Crepidula nummaria1 Gould 1846 slipper shell
Crepidula princeps Conrad 1855 slipper shell
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
Priene oregonensis triton shell
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Bittium rugatum cerith snail
Bittium attenuatum2 cerith snail
Bittium minutum2 cerith snail
Bittium interfossum2 cerith snail
 Heterostropha - Acteonidae
 Basommatophora - Siphonariidae
Siphonaria sp. Sowerby 1824 pulmonate
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
Turbonilla sp. Risso 1826 snail
includes "Turbonilla sp. A" and "Turbonilla sp. B"
Odostomia sp. Fleming 1817 snail
includes "Odostomia sp. A" and "Odostomia sp. B"
 Haliotoidea - Haliotidae
Haliotis sp. Linnaeus 1758 abalone
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
"Leptothyra paucicostata" = Homalopoma paucicostata, Astraea sp., Astraea inequale, "Leptothyra carpenteri" = Collonista
"Leptothyra paucicostata" = Homalopoma paucicostata Dall 1871 snail
Astraea sp. Röding 1798 snail
"Leptothyra carpenteri" = Collonista snail
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
"Fissuridea murina" = Diodora
"Fissuridea murina" = Diodora snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Calliostoma gemmulatum Carpenter 1864 top snail
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
 Gadilida - Gadilidae
Cadulus nitentor tusk shell
Polyplacophora
  -
"Amphineura indet." = Polyplacophora
"Amphineura indet." = Polyplacophora de Blainville 1816 chiton
"Chiton"
 Neoloricata - Callistoplacidae
Callistochiton palmidatus2 chiton
as Callistochiton palmidatus mirabilis
Bryozoa
  -
Bryozoa indet. Ehrenberg 1831
unclassified
  -
Vertebrata indet. Lamarck 1801
Echinoidea
 Camarodonta - Strongylocentrotidae
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Rhizangiidae
Astrangia insignifica Nomland 1916 stony coral