Buckner Ranch Site 1 (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as Lapara Creek fauna; TMM 30896

Where: Bee County, Texas (28.6° N, 97.7° W: paleocoordinates 29.0° N, 95.3° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Lapara Member (Goliad Formation), Clarendonian (13.6 - 10.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Reposited in the TMM

Primary reference: E. H. Sellards. 1940. New Pliocene mastodon. Geological Society America Bulletin 51 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Ju]more details

PaleoDB collection 18611: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993, edited by Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• said to be near top of member
misidentified as Farish Ranch/Berclair by Prothero and Manning 1987
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Apalone sp.5 Rafinesque 1832 softshell turtle
TMM 30896-144 hyoplastron-hypoplastron, -377 costals, -635, -636 plastron fragments
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Hesperotestudo sp.5 Williams 1950 turtle
TMM 30896-328 carapace
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Alligator cf. mississippiensis5 Daudin 1801 American alligator
TMM 30896-280 partial skull, -335, -372 osteoderms, -357, -336 teeth
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras major5 Hatcher 1894 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hippotherium sp.1 Kaup 1832 hipparionine horse
Pseudhipparion curtivallum8 Quinn 1955 hipparionine horse
Nannippus sp. Matthew 1926 hipparionine horse
confirmed by Hulbert 1988c: "N. cf. ingenuum" of Forsten 1975
Neohipparion affine3 Leidy 1869 hipparionine horse
Hipparion tehonense5 Merriam 1916 hipparionine horse
TMM 30896-537 M3, -629 P4, -630 M1/M2, -631 M1/M2
Protohippus supremus4 Leidy 1869 horse
Calippus martini4 Hesse 1936 horse
Calippus regulus2 Johnston 1937 horse
Calippus placidus4 Leidy 1869 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Leptocyon vafer5 Leidy 1858 canine
TMM 30896-241 partial dentary with p2-m2
Leptocyon vafer9 Leidy 1858 canine
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
"Gnathabelodon buckneri n. sp." = Blancotherium buckneri
"Gnathabelodon buckneri n. sp." = Blancotherium buckneri Sellards 1940 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Tayassuinae indet.1 Palmer 1897 peccary
Prosthennops xiphidonticus5 peccary
TMM 30896-412 M1
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Protolabis cf. yavapaiensis5 Honey and Taylor 1978 camel
TMM 30896-296 partial left dentary with p3 (roots only), p4, m1, m2, m3 (early eruption)
Nothotylopus camptognathus5 Patton 1969 camel
TMM 30896-198 partial right dentary
Procamelus grandis6 Gregory 1939 camel
Procamelus occidentalis6 Leidy 1858 camel
 Ungulata -
 Ungulata - Gelocidae
Pseudoceras skinneri5 Frick 1937 ruminant
TMM 30896-326 partial right dentary with p3-m3, -496 partial dentary with p3-m3
Pseudoceras skinneri7 Frick 1937 ruminant
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Antilocaprinae indet.1 Gray 1866 pronghorn