Cold Spring (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as Anderson Site 2; Jim Donahoe or Donohoe Farm; A. D. Donohoe Pit; TMM 31219; TAM 38 (in part)

Where: San Jacinto County, Texas (30.5° N, 95.0° W: paleocoordinates 31.0° N, 92.0° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Fleming Formation, Barstovian (16.0 - 13.6 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Reposited in the TMM

Collection methods: bulk, sieve

Primary reference: C. J. Hesse. 1943. A Preliminary Report on the Miocene Vertebrate Faunas of Southeast Texas. Transactions of the Texas Academy of Sciences 26:157-179 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 18619: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• called "Trinity River local fauna" by Slaughter 1981
early "Cold Springs area" F:AM collections of Riley are from this locality
Anderson Site 2 is "2.4 km (1.5 miles) north of Coldspring": Schiebout and Ting 1998
at top of Fleming section and above Point Blank localities
Mammalia
 Tribosphenida -
Eutheria indet.7 eutherian
an insectivore or a chiropteran; Anderson Site 2
 Rodentia -
Texomys ritchiei n. sp.8 Slaughter 1981 rodent
TMM 31219
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Copemys sp.7 Wood 1936 mouse
Anderson Site 2
 Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Heteromyidae indet.7 Gray 1868 rodent
Anderson Site 2
 Glires -
Lagomorpha indet. Brandt 1885 placental
"Rodent (Lepus?)"
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras meridianum5 Leidy 1865 rhinoceros
"Aphelops (probably A. meridianus)"; also at Donohoe Pit
Teleoceras medicornutum1 Osborn 1904 rhinoceros
TMM 31219
Peraceras hessei5 Prothero and Manning 1987 rhinoceros
Aphelops megalodus6 Cope 1873 rhinoceros
only specimens discussed by Prothero and Manning 1987 are from F:AM localities 2 mi. NE and 3 mi N of Cold Spring
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Merychippus gunteri2 Simpson 1930 horse
Hipparionini indet.2 Quinn 1955 hipparionine horse
Protohippus perditus1 Leidy 1858 horse
Calippus proplacidus3 Osborn 1918 horse
Calippus circulus3 Quinn 1955 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Borophaginae indet.1 Simpson 1945 bone-crushing dog
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotherium obscurum9 Leidy 1869 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
Ticholeptus rileyi n. sp. Schultz and Falkenbach 1941 oreodont
Riley specimen from "Cold Springs area"
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelidae indet. Gray 1821 camel
Floridatragulus hesperus4 Patton 1969 camel
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Prosynthetoceras francisi n. sp. Frick 1937 protoceratid
of Frick 1937 see also Patton 1969a
 Ungulata - Moschidae
Blastomerycinae indet.1 Frick 1937 musk deer