Garvin Gully (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as TMM 31084; TAM 20; Garvin Farm

Where: Grimes County, Texas (30.3° N, 95.7° W: paleocoordinates 30.9° N, 92.1° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Lower Oakville Member (Oakville Formation), Hemingfordian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Reposited in the TMM

Primary reference: C. J. Hesse. 1943. A Preliminary Report on the Miocene Vertebrate Faunas of Southeast Texas. Transactions of the Texas Academy of Sciences 26:157-179 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

PaleoDB collection 18626: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993, edited by Jonathan Marcot and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• placed high in section by Tedford et al. 1987
unnumbered TAMU Nothokemas floridanus specimen of Patton 1969a could be from another locality in the "Garvin Gully" fauna
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Geochelone williamsi n. sp." = Hesperotestudo williamsi2
"Geochelone williamsi n. sp." = Hesperotestudo williamsi2 Auffenberg 1964 turtle
TMM 31084-11 (holotype), a shell (Auffenberg 1964b, figs. 1, 2)
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castoridae indet. Gray 1821 beaver
"Paleocastor"
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Menoceras barbouri6 Wood 1964 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Parahippus leonensis" = Parahippus leonensis, "Merychippus vellicans n. sp." = Parahippus leonensis4, "Merychippus socius n. sp." = Parahippus leonensis4, "Anchitherium navasotae" = Anchitherium navasotae3, "Miohippus navasotae n. sp." = Anchitherium navasotae4, "Archaeohippus blackbergi" = Archaeohippus blackbergi, "Miohippus blackbergi n. sp." = Archaeohippus blackbergi4, "Parahippus minutalis n. sp." = Archaeohippus blackbergi4, "Anchitherium australis" = Kalobatippus australis
"Parahippus leonensis" = Parahippus leonensis Sellards 1916 anchitheriine horse
listed by Forsten 1975 at TMM 31084
"Merychippus vellicans n. sp." = Parahippus leonensis4 Sellards 1916 anchitheriine horse
"Merychippus socius n. sp." = Parahippus leonensis4 Sellards 1916 anchitheriine horse
"Anchitherium navasotae" = Anchitherium navasotae3 Hay 1924 anchitheriine horse
TMM 31084
"Miohippus navasotae n. sp." = Anchitherium navasotae4 Hay 1924 anchitheriine horse
"Archaeohippus blackbergi" = Archaeohippus blackbergi Hay 1924 anchitheriine horse
listed by Forsten 1975 at TMM 31084
"Miohippus blackbergi n. sp." = Archaeohippus blackbergi4 Hay 1924 anchitheriine horse
"Parahippus minutalis n. sp." = Archaeohippus blackbergi4 Hay 1924 anchitheriine horse
"Anchitherium australis" = Kalobatippus australis Leidy 1873 anchitheriine horse
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyon longiramus8 White 1942 bear-dog
 Carnivora - Canidae
"Osbornodon scitulus" = Tephrocyon scitulus7
"Osbornodon scitulus" = Tephrocyon scitulus7 Hay 1924 bone-crushing dog
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
"Cynorca sociale" = Marshochoerus socialis9
"Cynorca sociale" = Marshochoerus socialis9 Marsh 1875 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Australocamelus orarius n. sp.5, "Oxydactylus benedentatus n. sp." = Oxydactylus benedentatus5, "Procamelus benedentatus n. sp." = Oxydactylus benedentatus4, "Protolabis francisi n. sp." = Oxydactylus benedentatus4, "Procamelus concerptus n. sp." = Oxydactylus benedentatus4
Australocamelus orarius n. sp.5 Patton 1969 camel
TAM locality
"Oxydactylus benedentatus n. sp." = Oxydactylus benedentatus5 Hay 1924 camel
TAM locality
"Procamelus benedentatus n. sp." = Oxydactylus benedentatus4 Hay 1924 camel
"Protolabis francisi n. sp." = Oxydactylus benedentatus4 Hay 1924 camel
"Procamelus concerptus n. sp." = Oxydactylus benedentatus4 Hay 1924 camel
listed as "Garvin Farm" in Hay 1924
 Ungulata - Anthracotheriidae
Arretotherium acridens1 Douglass 1902 anthracothere
TMM 31084
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
"Prosynthetoceras texanus n. sp." = Prosynthetoceras texanus5, "Dromomeryx texanus n. sp." = Prosynthetoceras texanus4, "Dromomeryx ? angustidens" = Prosynthetoceras texanus4, "Merycodus grandis n. sp." = Prosynthetoceras texanus4
"Prosynthetoceras texanus n. sp." = Prosynthetoceras texanus5 Hay 1924 protoceratid
TAM locality and TMM 31084
"Dromomeryx texanus n. sp." = Prosynthetoceras texanus4 Hay 1924 protoceratid
listed as "Garvin Farm" in Hay 1924
"Dromomeryx ? angustidens" = Prosynthetoceras texanus4 Hay 1924 protoceratid
listed as "Garvin Farm" in Hay 1924
"Merycodus grandis n. sp." = Prosynthetoceras texanus4 Hay 1924 protoceratid
listed as "Garvin Farm" in Hay 1924
 Ungulata - Moschidae
Blastomerycinae indet.5 Frick 1937 musk deer
includes type of "? Longirostromeryx vigoratus" from TAM locality; listed as "Blastomeryx vigoratus" by Webb 1998a
Blastomeryx vigoratus n. sp.4 Hay 1924 musk deer