Sam Houston (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as Cold Spring fauna; TMM 31191; TAM 38 (in part)

Where: San Jacinto County, Texas (30.5° N, 95.0° W: paleocoordinates 30.9° N, 92.2° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Fleming Formation, Miocene (23.0 - 5.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Reposited in the TMM

Primary reference: C. J. Hesse. 1943. A Preliminary Report on the Miocene Vertebrate Faunas of Southeast Texas. Transactions of the Texas Academy of Sciences 26:157-179 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

PaleoDB collection 18637: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• stratigraphic equivalent of Cold Spring according to Hesse, but said to be "toward the top of the exposed section" and only .5 mile from Cold Spring; Tedford et al. 1987 indicate it is stratigraphically higher
"16 specimens"
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras meridianum4 Leidy 1865 rhinoceros
"Aphelops sp. (large)"
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Merychippus gunteri2 Simpson 1930 horse
Hipparionini indet.2 Quinn 1955 hipparionine horse
Calippus proplacidus3 Osborn 1918 horse
Calippus circulus n. sp.3 Quinn 1955 horse
may include "Merychippus perditus"
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyon longiramus6 White 1942 bear-dog
 Carnivora - Canidae
Aelurodon ferox5 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotherium sp.1 Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Tayassuidae indet. Palmer 1897 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelidae indet. Gray 1821 camel
Aepycamelus sp.1 Macdonald 1956 camel
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Prosynthetoceras sp. Patton 1967 protoceratid
 Ungulata -
 Ungulata - Moschidae
Blastomerycinae indet.1 Frick 1937 musk deer