Lapara Creek Site 8 (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as George West; TMM 30936

Where: Live Oak County, Texas (28.3° N, 98.1° W: paleocoordinates 28.7° N, 95.7° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Clarendonian (13.6 - 10.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Reposited in the TMM

Primary reference: T. H. Patton. 1969. Miocene and Pliocene Artiodactyls, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 14(2) [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Ju]more details

PaleoDB collection 18640: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993, edited by Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• locality "8 1/2 miles below George West" of Weeks 1945 is fictional: Wilson 1956
unclassified
  -
Pylodictis olivaris4
TMM 30936-111 centrum
Actinopteri
 Siluriformes - Ictaluridae
Ictalurus cf. lambda4 catfish
TMM 30936-312 pectoral spine
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Apalone sp.4 Rafinesque 1832 softshell turtle
TMM 30936-58, -130, -168, -200, -230, -246, -266, -318, -340, -416 carapace fragments
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydidae indet.4 Rafinesque 1815 turtle
TMM 30936-38 carapace/plastron fragments, -42 carapace fragment
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Mylagaulidae
"Ceratogaulus cf. rhinoceros" = Ceratogaulus rhinocerus4
"Ceratogaulus cf. rhinoceros" = Ceratogaulus rhinocerus4 Matthew 1902 rodent
TMM 30936-92 upper incisor, -296 lower incisor
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras major4 Hatcher 1894 rhinoceros
TMM 30936-16 p4, m3, -27 p4, m3, -2 P2 (2), -55 P2, -85 tibia, -233 m2, -321 p3
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hippotherium sp.1 Kaup 1832 hipparionine horse
Pseudhipparion curtivallum5 Quinn 1955 hipparionine horse
Nannippus sp.1 Matthew 1926 hipparionine horse
Equini indet.1 Quinn 1955 horse
Pliohippus pernix4 Marsh 1874 horse
TMM 30936-61 m3, -158 M1/M2
Calippus regulus2 Johnston 1937 horse
Calippus placidus3 Leidy 1869 horse
Hypohippus affinis2 Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Ischyrocyon gidleyi4 Matthew 1902 bear-dog
TMM 30936-236 m2, TMM 31132-29 M2, -259 M1, -328 M2, -412 P4
 Carnivora - Canidae
Aelurodon taxoides4 Hatcher 1894 bone-crushing dog
TMM 30936-17 partial humerus, -40 partial right dentary with p2, -88 partial m1, -106 m1
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
cf. Gomphotherium sp.4 Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
TMM 30936-90 upper tusk fragment, -97 right M3, -289 left m3, -331 M/m2
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Prosthennops xiphidonticus4 peccary
TMM 30936-62 P4
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Procamelus occidentalis4 Leidy 1858 camel
TMM 30936-52, -53 astragali, -125 metapodial, -181 astragalus
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Synthetoceras tricornatus Stirton 1932 protoceratid
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Ramoceros ramosus4 Cope 1874 pronghorn
TMM 30936-56 m3 (2), -117 m3 (2), -294 partial horn (tine)