Where: Eastern Barvaria, Germany (49.1° N, 11.9° E: paleocoordinates 40.4° N, 20.0° E)
• coordinate estimated from map
• outcrop-level geographic resolution
When: Sutneria subeumela ammonoid zone, Late/Upper Kimmeridgian (155.7 - 150.8 Ma)
• Finds of the index ammonite Sutneria subeumela in both the lower and upper part of the section constrain the age of the entire locality to the Subeumela Subzone of the Upper
•Kimmeridgian (Röper & Rothgaenger 1997; Schweigert 2007; Heyng et al. 2015).
Environment/lithology: lagoonal or restricted shallow subtidal; calcareous mudstone
•being deposited in shallow depressions (“Wannen”) between the reef complexes. The locality of Brunn is situated at the southern rim of one of the smallest of these depressions, the Pfraundorf-Heitzenhofener Basin.
•... the rarity of the fully marine chondrichthyans supports the interpretation of Brunn as a rather isolated, marginal marine, probably lagoonal environment (Röper & Rothgaenger 1997; Heyng et al. 2015).
•throughout the section in the laminated limestones. The latter layers range from 10 to 80 cm in thickness and are often very finely laminated, with 1 cm of Plattenkalk
•including up to 70 distinct limestone laminae (Heyng et al. 2015).
Size class: macrofossils
Collected by Monika Rothgaenger in 2002; reposited in the BSP
Collection methods: quarrying, mechanical
• Starting around 1990 some well-preserved fossils were discovered by collectors, and the first scientific excavations took place soon afterwards. These yielded many fossil plants and numerous invertebrate and vertebrate taxa.
•The specimen was found in summer 2002 during an investigation of the Brunn quarry by Monika Rothgaenger, who was at the time in charge of the privately organised scientific excavation in cooperation with the Bavarian State Collection for Palaeontology, Munich and the Solnhofen Museum, Bavaria. The specimen was subsequently prepared by freelance preparator Martin Kapitzke in Stuttgart before coming to the Solnhofen Museum in 2003. While permanently housed in the Solnhofen Museum as specimen BSP–1993–XVIII–2 (formerly curated as BSP XVIII–VFKO–A12), the material is owned by Bavarian State Collection for Palaeontology and Geology, Munich, Bavaria, Germany (BSP).
Primary reference: O. W. M. Rauhut, A. López-Arbarello, M. Röper and M. Rothgaenger. 2017. Vertebrate fossils from the Kimmeridgian of Brunn: the oldest fauna from the Solnhofen Archipelago (Late Jurassic, Bavaria, Germany). Zitteliana 89:305-329 [P. Barrett/T. Cleary/M. Uhen]more details
Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis
PaleoDB collection 187436: authorized by Paul Barrett, entered by Terri Cleary on 28.07.2017
Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)