Dove Spring (Middle) (Miocene of the United States)

Where: Kern County, California (35.3° N, 118.5° W: paleocoordinates 35.2° N, 114.3° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Dove Spring Formation, Clarendonian (13.6 - 10.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: D. P. Whistler and D. W. Burbank. 1992. Miocene biostratigraphy and biochronology of the Dove Spring Formation, Mojave Desert, California, and characterization of the Clarendonian mammal age (late Miocene) in California. Geological Society America Bulletin 104(6):644-658 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

PaleoDB collection 19323: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• basal Mbr. 6; lower "Paronychomys/O. diabloensis" zone
ash at 1400 m, within this zone, dated at 8.5 +/- 0.13 Ma (KA); ash at 1420 m dated at 8.4 +/- 1.8 Ma (FT on zircon); more precise date should be used, and in fact is accepted by Perkins et al. 1998
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Paronychomys sp., "Copemys dentalis" = Peromyscus dentalis
Paronychomys sp. Jacobs 1977 mouse
"Copemys dentalis" = Peromyscus dentalis Hall 1930 deer mouse
 Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Cupidinimus sp. Wood 1935 rodent
Perognathus minutus James 1963 pocket mouse
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Scapanus shultzi Tedford 1961 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras meridianum2 Leidy 1865 rhinoceros
"Dove Spring Formation, Ricardo Group"
Peraceras superciliosum2 Cope 1880 rhinoceros
"Dove Spring Formation, Ricardo Group"
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hippotherium sp.1 Kaup 1832 hipparionine horse
Hipparion forcei Richey 1948 hipparionine horse
Dinohippus cf. leardi Drescher 1941 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
"Sorex" sp. Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew
 Carnivora - Barbourofelidae
"Barbourofelis osborni" = Barbourofelis whitfordi
"Barbourofelis osborni" = Barbourofelis whitfordi Barbour and Cook 1915 carnivoran
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Martinogale sp. Hall 1930 skunk
 Carnivora - Canidae
Caninae indet. Gill 1872 canine
Leptocyon vafer Leidy 1858 canine
Borophagus littoralis1 VanderHoof 1931 bone-crushing dog
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
"Amebelodon burnhami" = Serbelodon burnhami1
"Amebelodon burnhami" = Serbelodon burnhami1 Osborn 1933 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
"Merychyus major" = Ustatochoerus major1
"Merychyus major" = Ustatochoerus major1 Leidy 1858 oreodont
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Plioceros sp. Frick 1937 pronghorn