Kern River (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as CIT 49

Where: Kern County, California (35.3° N, 118.5° W: paleocoordinates 35.2° N, 114.3° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Kern River Beds Formation, Clarendonian (13.6 - 10.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: R. W. Wilson. 1937. New middle Pliocene rodent and lagomorph faunas from Oregon and California. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 487(1):2-19 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/C. Bell]more details

PaleoDB collection 19393: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Wilson's list omits large mammals and no full faunal list is available
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
"Peromyscus pliocenicus n. sp." = Basirepomys pliocenicus
"Peromyscus pliocenicus n. sp." = Basirepomys pliocenicus Wilson 1937 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus argonautus" = Citellus (Otospermophilus) argonautus2
"Citellus argonautus" = Citellus (Otospermophilus) argonautus2 Stirton and Goeriz 1942 ground squirrel
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet.1 Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
(small)
Hypolagus edensis7 Frick 1921 rabbit
"Hypolagus nr. limnetus"
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Neohipparion sp.4 Gidley 1903 hipparionine horse
"of the N. eurystyle group"
Equini indet.1 Quinn 1955 horse
from "Kern River Pliocene"; dp2-4, apparently indeterminate; not clear if this is "P. sp." of Tedford et al. 1987
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
"Probassariscus antiquus" = Bassariscus antiquus1
"Probassariscus antiquus" = Bassariscus antiquus1 Matthew and Cook 1909 ringtail
CIT 49
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Eomellivora cf. wimani3 Zdansky 1924 ratel
"Kern River... Kern County"
Mionictis angustidens1 Hall 1930 badger
CIT 49
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes kernensis n. sp.6 Tedford et al. 2009 fox
CIT 49
Metalopex merriami5 Tedford and Wang 2008 canine
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
Tayassuidae indet.1 Palmer 1897 peccary
CIT 49 and 50
 Artiodactyla - Palaeomerycidae
Pediomeryx sp.1 Stirton 1936 ruminant