Site 1, Mangere Island (Holocene of New Zealand)

Where: New Zealand (44.3° S, 176.3° W: paleocoordinates 44.3° S, 176.3° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• No material was dated by radiocarbon. Relative ages were inferred from species compositions. Site 1 contained six or seven species of bird not recorded in 1871-72, whereas Site 2 contained only two species not recorded then. Most of Site 1 is probably older than Site 2; both probably include material older than 1871. In the absence of absolute dates, the total times of deposition in the two sites must remain conjectural. However, it is likely that much of Site 2 was deposited in the late 1800s, after about 1865, whereas most of Site 1 was deposited before the mid 1800s. Hence, much of the material at Site 1 may be considerably older than that at Site 2, and may have been deposited before human settlement of the Chathams.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: loess; siliciclastic sediments

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by A.J.D. Tennyson in 1987-1988

• Repository: Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa

Primary reference: A. J. D. Tennyson and P. R. Millener. 1994. Bird extinctions and fossil bones from Mangere Island, Chatham Islands. Notornis, Supplement 41:165-178 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 194614: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 23.06.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein 1823 kelp gull
"Larus novaehollandiae" = Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae Stephens 1826 silver gull
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Coenocorypha chathamica Forbes 1893 Forbes's snipe
Coenocorypha pusilla Butler 1869 Chatham Islands snipe
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Tadorna "?n. sp." Boie 1822 shelduck
 Psittaciformes - Strigopidae
Nestor chathamensis Wood et al. 2014 parrot
 Psittaciformes - Psittaculidae
Cyanoramphus forbesi Rothschild 1893 Chatham Islands parakeet
Cyanoramphus auriceps forbesi
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae Sparrman 1787 red-fronted parakeet
ssp. chathamensis
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae Gmelin 1789 New Zealand pigeon
 Passeriformes - Locustellidae
"Bowdleria rufescens" = Megalurus rufescens
"Bowdleria rufescens" = Megalurus rufescens Buller 1869 Chatham Islands fernbird
 Passeriformes - Meliphagidae
Anthornis melanocephala Gray 1843 Chatham Island bellbird
Anthornis melanura melanocephala
 Passeriformes - Petroicidae
Petroica traversi Buller 1872 Chatham robin
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Gallirallus dieffenbachii Gray 1843 Dieffenbach's rail
Gallirallus modestus Hutton 1872 Chatham Islands rail
 Procellariiformes - Hydrobatidae
"Oceanites nereis" = Garrodia nereis
"Oceanites nereis" = Garrodia nereis Gould 1841 gray-backed storm-petrel
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Pachyptila vittata Forster 1777 broad-billed prion
Pachyptila turtur Kuhl 1820 fairy prion
Pelecanoides urinatrix Gmelin 1789 common diving-petrel
Pterodroma "sp. 1" Bonaparte 1856 petrel
Pterodroma axillaris Salvin 1893 Chatham petrel
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Eudyptes "?n. sp." Vieillot 1816 penguin