Faligochol-1 site (FSFA-1), Fais Island (Holocene of Micronesia, Federated States of)

Where: Micronesia, Federated States of (9.8° N, 140.5° E: paleocoordinates 9.8° N, 140.5° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• Of six natural strata (numbered top to bottom), Layers 2 and 3 appear to represent the primary period of occupation. Layer 2 was dated at A.D. 781-1020 (Table 1). The lower part of Layer 3 contains several pit features that intrude Layers 4 through 6. A lure shank made of pearl shell from Layer 3 is very similar to those from the central Solomon Islands. Two charcoal samples from Layer 3 were dated at A.D. 560-870 and A.D. 442-768 (Table 1). This age is older than that obtained for Layer 3 of FSFA-2 (see below), which is artifactually similar to Layer 3 of FSFA-l. Considering the stratigraphically mixed condition of much of Layers 3-6 at FSFA-I, this date could possibly represent a stratum lower than Layer 3. Layer 6 is a culturally sterile white beach sand with several thin grayish cemented layers. Excavation ceased when the sand became wet and cemented at a depth of 3 m.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; unlithified, calcareous sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by M. Intoh in 1991

Primary reference: D. W. Steadman and M. Intoh. 1994. Biogeography and prehistoric exploitation of birds from Fais Island, Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Science 48:116-135 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 194650: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 24.06.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Sterna sp., Sterna sumatrana, "Procelsterna cerulea" = Anous ceruleus, Anous minutus, Anous stolidus, "Sterna fuscata" = Onychoprion fuscatus, "Sterna lunata" = Onychoprion lunatus, Sterninae indet., "Gygis candida" = Gygis alba candida
Sterna sp. Linnaeus 1758 tern
Sterna sumatrana Raffles 1822 black-naped tern
"Procelsterna cerulea" = Anous ceruleus Bennett 1840 blue-gray noddy
Anous minutus Boie 1844 black noddy
Anous stolidus Linnaeus 1758 brown noddy
"Sterna fuscata" = Onychoprion fuscatus Linnaeus 1766 sooty tern
"Sterna lunata" = Onychoprion lunatus Peale 1848 gray-backed tern
Sterninae indet. Bonaparte 1838 tern
"Gygis candida" = Gygis alba candida Gmelin 1789 Pacific white tern
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Numenius phaeopus Linnaeus 1758 whimbrel
Heteroscelus sp. Baird 1858 snipe
Tringa erythropus Pallas 1764 spotted redshank
 Charadriiformes - Charadriidae
Pluvialis dominica Mueller 1776 American golden plover
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Gallus gallus Linnaeus 1758 chicken
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
"Gallicolumba cf. xanthonura" = Alopecoenas xanthonurus, Ducula oceanica
"Gallicolumba cf. xanthonura" = Alopecoenas xanthonurus Temminck 1823 white-throated ground-dove
Ducula oceanica Desmarest 1826 Micronesian imperial-pigeon
 Pelecaniformes - Phaethontidae
Phaethon lepturus Daudin 1802 white-tailed tropicbird
 Suliformes - Sulidae
Sula spp. Brisson 1760 booby
Sula sula or S. leucogaster
Sula dactylatra Lesson 1831 masked booby
 Suliformes - Fregatidae
Fregata ariel Gray 1845 lesser frigatebird
Fregata minor Gmelin 1789 great frigatebird