Tokod-Nagyberek (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Also known as Tokod

Where: Barany, Hungary (47.7° N, 18.7° E: paleocoordinates 47.7° N, 18.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• Tokodian, Late Pleistocene. Bones deposited in a loess layer about 30cm thick at bottom of a loess wall 6m high; layer partly overlain by freshwater limestone.

Environment/lithology: loess; sandy siltstone

• Author salvaged finds in loess connected with freshwater limestone.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 197461: authorized by Paul Barrett, entered by Terri Cleary on 12.11.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Actinopteri
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Barbus indet. Cuvier and Cloquet 1816 carp-like fish
"single left dentary fragment"
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Ranidae
"Rana mehelyi" = Rana temporaria
"Rana mehelyi" = Rana temporaria Linnaeus 1758 common frog
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Lyrurus tetrix Linnaeus 1758 black grouse
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
"Anas querquedula" = Spatula querquedula Linnaeus 1758 garganey
Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus 1758 mallard
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Asio flammeus Pontoppidan 1763 short-eared owl
Bubo bubo Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian eagle-owl
 Ornithurae -
Passeriformes indet. Linnaeus 1758 perching bird
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus monedula Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian jackdaw
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus 1758 water rail
Reptilia
 Squamata -
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Dicrostonyx torquatus Pallas 1778 Arctic lemming
mandibles
Myodes glareolus Schreber 1780 vole
mandibles
Arvicola terrestris Linnaeus 1758 European water vole
Microtus gregalis vole
mandibles
Microtus arvalis Pallas 1779 common vole
mandibles
Microtus oeconomus Pallas 1776 tundra vole
mandibles
 Rodentia - Spalacidae
 Rodentia - Dipodidae
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus citelloides" = Spermophilus
"Citellus citelloides" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor fiber Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian beaver
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hare
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa europaea Linnaeus 1758 European mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Coelodonta antiquitatis Blumenbach 1799 wooly rhino
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus sp." = Equus, "Asinus hydruntinus" = Equus
"Equus sp." = Equus Linnaeus 1758 horse
large species
"Asinus hydruntinus" = Equus horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex araneus Linnaeus 1758 common shrew
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus spelaeus Rosenm├╝ller 1794 cave bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Putorius eversmanni" = Mustela eversmannii
"Putorius eversmanni" = Mustela eversmannii Lesson 1827 weasel
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus 1758 red fox
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Leo spelaeus" = Panthera
"Leo spelaeus" = Panthera cat
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
"Crocotta spelaea" = Crocuta
"Crocotta spelaea" = Crocuta spotted hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus primigenius Blumenbach 1799 wooly mammoth
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison priscus Bojanus 1827 bison
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus elaphus Linnaeus 1758 red deer
Rangifer sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 reindeer
Megaloceros giganteus Blumenbach 1799 Irish elk