Sand Draw Quarry ( of the United States)

Also known as UNSM Sand Draw locality; Frick Prospecting Locality 277; Magill; Owl Pellet; UM-Neb. sites 1-66, 2-66, 2-67, 4-67, 5-67, 1-68

Where: Brown County, Nebraska (42.7° N, 100.0° W: paleocoordinates 42.8° N, 99.3° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Blancan (4.9 - 1.8 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: P. O. McGrew. 1944. An Early Pleistocene (Blancan) fauna from Nebraska. Geological Series, Field Museum of Natural History 9(2):31-66 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/C. Bell]more details

PaleoDB collection 19963: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Jonathan Marcot and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• from a single 26 ft interval
list updated and extended by Skinner and Hibbard 1972
"Equus cf. conversidens": specimen is from an indeterminate horizon
Reptilia
 Testudines - Kinosternoidea
Kinosternon flavescens4 Agassiz 1857 Yellow mud turtle
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Caudochelys sp." = Hesperotestudo9, "Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) oelrichi" = Hesperotestudo turgida5
"Caudochelys sp." = Hesperotestudo9 Williams 1950 turtle
possibly johnstoni
"Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) oelrichi" = Hesperotestudo turgida5 Cope 1892 turtle
paratypes
 Squamata - Colubridae
Heterodon platyrhinos3 Latreille 1801 eastern hognosed snake
Thamnophis sp.3 Fitzinger 1843 garter snake
Nerodia sp.2 Baird and Girard 1853 water snake
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
"Sigmodon medius" = Sigmodon minor Gidley 1922 cotton rat
Neotoma cf. quadriplicata11 Hibbard 1941 pack rat
Ondatra meadensis1 Hibbard 1937 muskrat
Ophiomys fricki Hibbard 1972 vole
Ophiomys magilli Hibbard 1972 vole
placed in Ogmodontomys as a lapsus
Pliolemmus antiquus Hibbard 1937 mouse
Pliophenacomys primaevus Hibbard 1937 mouse
OK, see Zakrzewski 1984
Nebraskomys mcgrewi n. sp. Hibbard 1957 mouse
see Hibbard 1957a
Ogmodontomys poaphagus Hibbard 1941 mouse
described by Zakrzewski 1967a
Peromyscus cf. kansasensis Hibbard 1941 deer mouse
Onychomys sp. Baird 1858 grasshopper mouse
Hibbardomys skinneri n. sp.10 Zakrzewski 1984 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus johnstoni Hibbard 1972 ground squirrel
Spermophilus meltoni Hibbard 1972 ground squirrel
Spermophilus boothi Hibbard 1972 ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys quinni McGrew 1944 pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Procastoroides sweeti Barbour and Schultz 1937 beaver
Dipoides rexroadensis Hibbard and Riggs 1949 beaver
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Scalopus aquaticus Linnaeus 1758 eastern mole
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus calobatus Troxell 1915 horse
"Equus simplicidens" = Equus (Dolichohippus) simplicidens Cope 1892 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex sandersi Hibbard 1956 long-tailed shrew
Planisorex dixonensis Hibbard 1956 shrew
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Trigonictis cookii7 Gazin 1934 mustelid carnivore
from "Booth Draw" loc. 277
Trigonictis macrodon1 Cope 1868 mustelid carnivore
Buisnictis burrowsi Skinner and Hibbard 1972 skunk
Satherium piscinarium1 Leidy 1873 badger
Taxidea cf. taxus Schreber 1778 American badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis edwardii8 Gazin 1942 canine
Canis lepophagus Johnston 1938 canine
Borophagus diversidens Cope 1892 bone-crushing dog
confirmed by Wang et al. 1999
 Carnivora - Felidae
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Stegomastodon primitivus Osborn 1936 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus sp. Leconte 1848 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Gigantocamelus spatulus1 Cope 1893 camel
Camelops sp. Leidy 1854 camel
Hemiauchenia sp.1 Gervais and Ameghino 1880 camel
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Capromeryx tauntonensis6 Morgan and Morgan 1995 pronghorn