Berends (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Beaver County, Oklahoma (36.8° N, 100.5° W: paleocoordinates 36.8° N, 100.3° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

• said to be early Illinoian

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: A. Starrett. 1956.  Pleistocene Mammals of the Berends Fauna of Oklahoma. Journal of Paleontology 30(5):1187-1192 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Ju]more details

PaleoDB collection 20157: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Jason Head

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• type of "Burosor efforsorius", j.s. of Castoroides ohioensis, is from a locality about 1 mi. from Berends
Reptilia
 Squamata - Colubridae
Colubrinae indet.4 Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
"Coluber or Masticophis"
Elaphe vulpina4 Baird and Girard 1853 fox snake
Lampropeltis getulus4 Linnaeus 1766 kingsnake
Lampropeltis triangulum4 Lacépède 1788 milk snake
Pituophis melanoleucus4 Daudin 1803 pine snake
Heterodon nasicus3 Baird and Girard 1852 western hognose snake
Heterodon platyrhinos4 Latreille 1801 eastern hognosed snake
Thamnophis sp.3 Fitzinger 1843 garter snake
Nerodia sp.4 Baird and Girard 1853 water snake
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Ondatra zibethicus1 Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Microtus pennsylvanicus Ord 1815 meadow vole
"Pedomys cf. ochrogaster" = Microtus ochrogaster Wagner 1842 prairie vole
Peromyscus berendsensis n. sp. Starrett 1956 deer mouse
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys sp. Rafinesque 1817 pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Chaetodipus cf. hispidus1 Baird 1858 hispid pocket mouse
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castoroides sp. Foster 1838 giant beaver
Dipoides stovalli5 Rinker and Hibbard 1952 beaver
see Rinker and Hibbard 1952
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex cf. cinereus Kerr 1792 cinereus shrew
Blarina cf. brevicauda Say 1823 northern short-tailed shrew
confirmed by Jones et al. 1984
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes velox2 Say 1823 swift fox
Canis latrans Say 1823 coyote
confirmed by Nowak 1979
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus cf. columbi Falconer 1857 Columbian mammoth