De Soto Shell Pit (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: De Soto County, Florida (27.0° N, 81.8° W: paleocoordinates 27.1° N, 81.6° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Caloosahatchee Formation, Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

• said to be early Irvingtonian

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: G. S. Morgan and R. C. Hulbert, Jr. 1995. Overview of the geology and vertebrate biochronology of the Leisey Shell Pit Local Fauna, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 37(1) [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Ju]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 20308: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 26.03.1995, edited by Richard Hulbert

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
Macrochelys sp.6, "Chelydra floridana" = Chelydra serpentina6
Macrochelys sp.6 Gray 1856 alligator snapping turtle
"Chelydra floridana" = Chelydra serpentina6 Linnaeus 1758 snapping turtle
Aves
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Aix sponsa3 Linnaeus 1758 wood duck
Anas crecca3 Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian teal
 Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae
Butorides virescens3 Linnaeus 1758 green heron
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ciconia maltha3 Miller 1910 asphalt stork
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Buteo lineatus3 Gmelin 1788 red-shouldered hawk
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Reithrodontomys sp.5 Giglioli 1874 harvest mouse
Sigmodon curtisi Gidley 1922 cotton rat
confirmed by Morgan and White 1995
Sigmodon minor Gidley 1922 cotton rat
see also Morgan and White 1995
Ondatra idahoensis Wilson 1933 muskrat
Atopomys texensis1 Patton 1965 mouse
Peromyscus sp. Gloger 1841 deer mouse
see also Morgan and White 1995: large and "possibly Podomys"; Ruez 2001 suspects this is P. sarmocophinus
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciurus carolinensis5 Gmelin 1788 eastern gray squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Orthogeomys cf. propinetis5 Wilkins 1984 pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Hydrochoeridae
Hydrochoeridae indet.5 Gill 1872 caviomorph
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus webbi White 1991 cottontail rabbit
see also Morgan and White 1995
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus sp. Brisson 1762 tapir
see also Hulbert 1995a
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus leidyi Hay 1913 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Blarina cf. carolinensis5 Bachman 1837 southern short-tailed shrew
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon sp. Storr 1780 raccoon
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Trigonictis macrodon Cope 1868 mustelid carnivore
Satherium piscinarium Leidy 1873 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis edwardii Gazin 1942 canine
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
 Xenarthra - Dasypodidae
Dasypus bellus Simpson 1929 beautiful armadillo
 Xenarthra - Pampatheriidae
Holmesina floridanus Robertson 1976 edentate
see also Hulbert and Morgan 1993
 Xenarthra - Megatheriidae
Eremotherium eomigrans2 De Iuliis and Cartelle 1999 edentate
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx leptostomus Cope 1893 edentate
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
"Glyptotherium arizonae" = Glyptotherium texanum
"Glyptotherium arizonae" = Glyptotherium texanum Osborn 1903 glyptodon
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Cuvieronius tropicus Cope 1884 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 American mastodon
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Hemiauchenia gracilis4 Meachen 2005 camel
said to be new
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer
 Artiodactyla - Antilocapridae
Capromeryx arizonensis Skinner 1942 pronghorn