Kanopolis (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Ellsworth County, Kansas (38.7° N, 98.1° W: paleocoordinates 38.7° N, 97.9° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: C. W. Hibbard et al. 1978. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 25(2) [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

PaleoDB collection 20390: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Jason Head

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana catesbeiana3 Shaw 1802 American bullfrog
Rana pipiens3 Schreber 1782 Northern leopard frog
 Salientia - Hylidae
Hyla versicolor3 Le Conte 1825 gray tree frog
Acris crepitans3 Baird 1854 northern cricket frog
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx indet.3, "Trionyx spinifer" = Apalone spinifera3
Trionyx indet.3 Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
"Trionyx spinifer" = Apalone spinifera3 LeSueur 1827 spiny softshell turtle
 Testudines - Kinosternoidea
Sternotherus odoratus3 Latreille 1801 Common musk turtle
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
Chelydra serpentina3 Linnaeus 1758 Common snapping turtle
 Testudines - Panemydidae
"Pseudemys scripta" = Trachemys scripta3, Graptemys geographica3
"Pseudemys scripta" = Trachemys scripta3 Schoepff 1792 slider
Graptemys geographica3 Le Sueur 1817 common map turtle
 Squamata - Anguidae
Ophisaurus attenuatus3 Cope 1880 Slender glass lizard
 Squamata - Colubridae
Colubrinae indet.3 Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
Coluber indet.3 Linnaeus 1758 racer
Pituophis melanoleucus3 Daudin 1803 pine snake
Heterodon indet.3 Latreille 1801 hog-nosed snake
Thamnophis (cf. Thamnophis) sirtalis3 Linnaeus garter snake
Natricinae indet.3 Bonaparte 1838 colubrid snake
Regina grahami3 crayfish snake
"Natrix sipedon" = Nerodia sipedon3 Linnaeus 1758 northern water snake
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Sistrurus catenatus3 pigmy rattlesnake
 Squamata - Scincidae
Eumeces (cf. Eumeces) fasciatus3 Linnaeus 1758 five-lined skink
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Reithrodontomys humulis Audubon and Bachman 1841 eastern harvest mouse
Neotoma cf. floridana Ord 1818 eastern woodrat
Ondatra zibethicus1 Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Microtus pennsylvanicus Ord 1815 meadow vole
"Pedomys llanensis" = Microtus llanensis1 Hibbard 1944 vole
Neofiber leonardi Hibbard 1943 mouse
Peromyscus cf. progressus Hibbard 1960 deer mouse
Peromyscus cf. cragini Hibbard 1944 deer mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Cynomys spenceri2 Goodwin 1995 prairie dog
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Thomomys sp. Wied-Neuwied 1839 pocket gopher
Geomys bursarius Shaw 1800 plains pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Chaetodipus hispidus1 Baird 1858 hispid pocket mouse
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castoroides cf. ohioensis Foster 1838 giant beaver
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Zapus sandersi Hibbard 1956 jumping mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus floridanus Allen 1890 eastern cottontail
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Scalopus aquaticus Linnaeus 1758 eastern mole
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
"Tapirus veroensis" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) veroensis
"Tapirus veroensis" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) veroensis Sellards 1918 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus niobrarensis Hay 1913 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Blarina brevicauda4 Say 1823 northern short-tailed shrew
Cryptotis parva Say 1823 North American least shrew
 Carnivora - Mephitidae
Mephitis cf. mephitis Schreber 1776 striped skunk
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon lotor Linnaeus 1758 raccoon
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Lontra canadensis1 Schreber 1776 North American river otter
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775 fox
 Carnivora - Felidae
Smilodon sp. Lund 1841 saber-toothed cat
 Cingulata - Pampatheriidae
Holmesina septentrionalis Leidy 1889 edentate
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Paramylodon harlani Owen 1840 Harlan's ground sloth
 Proboscidea - Proboscidea
Proboscidea indet. proboscidean
"gomphothere or mastodon"
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus cf. columbi Falconer 1857 Columbian mammoth
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Mylohyus fossilis1 Leidy 1860 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelops sp., "Hemiauchenia cf. seymourensis" = Hemiauchenia macrocephala
Camelops sp. Leidy 1854 camel
"Hemiauchenia cf. seymourensis" = Hemiauchenia macrocephala Cope 1893 camel
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus sp. Rafinesque 1832 New World deer