Anjohimaletsy Cave (Holocene of Madagascar)

Also known as Narrow Cave, AMT

Where: Beanka, Madagascar (17.9° S, 44.5° E: paleocoordinates 17.9° S, 44.5° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; brown, red, silty breccia

• At AMT, surface bones were collected and loose breccia was excavated to 50 cm depth from the narrow floor (with some careful use of metal tools to dislodge crusts). This material was disaggregated and sifted.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Preservation: anthropogenic

Collected in 2015

Primary reference: D. A. Burney, H. Andriamialison, R. A. Andrianaivoarivelo, S. Bourne, B. E. Crowley, E. J. Boer, L. R. Godfrey, S. M. Goodman, C. Griffiths, O. Griffiths, J. P. Hume, W. G. Joyce, W. L. Jungers, S. Marciniak, G. J. Middleton, K. M. Muldoon, E. Noromalala, V. R. Pérez, and G. H. Perry and R. 2019. Subfossil lemur discoveries from the Beanka Protected Area in western Madagascar. Quaternary Research 1-17 [E. Vlachos/E. Vlachos]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 205193: authorized by Evangelos Vlachos, entered by Evangelos Vlachos on 08.10.2019

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Theriamorpha - Tenrecidae
Microgale talazaci Major 1896 Talazacs shrew tenrec
Setifer setosus Froriep 1806 greater hedgehog tenrec
Tenrec ecaudatus Schreber 1778 common tenrec
 Theriamorpha -
Plesiorycteropus sp. Filhol 1895 placental
 Carnivora - Viverridae
"Viverricula indica" = Viverricula malaccensis
"Viverricula indica" = Viverricula malaccensis Gmelin 1788 rasse
 Carnivora - Eupleridae
Cryptoprocta ferox Bennett 1833 fossa
Galidia elegans Geoffroy 1837 ring-tailed mongoose
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis lybica Forster 1780 African wildcat
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
cf. Miniopterus sp. Bonaparte 1837 bend-winged bat
Miniopterus sp. Bonaparte 1837 bend-winged bat
 Chiroptera - Hipposideridae
Triaenops menamena trident bat
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Potamochoerus larvatus Cuvier 1822 pig
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Capra aegagrus Erxleben 1777 wild goat
 Primates - Lepilemuridae
Lepilemur cf. randrianasoloi Andriaholinirina et al. 2006 sportive lemur
 Primates - Palaeopropithecidae
Babakotia radofilai Godfrey et al. 1990 lemur
 Primates - Archaeolemuridae
Archaeolemur edwardsi Filhol 1895 monkey lemur
 Primates - Indriidae
Propithecus deckenii Grandidier 1867 sifaka
Avahi cf. cleesei Thalmann and Geissmann 2005 avahi
 Primates - Cheirogaleidae
Cheirogaleus medius Geoffroy 1812 fat-tailed dwarf lemur
cf. Cheirogaleus medius Geoffroy 1812 fat-tailed dwarf lemur
Microcebus cf. myoxinus Peters 1852 mouse lemur
 Primates - Lemuridae
Hapalemur cf. griseus Link 1795 lemur
Prolemur simus Gray 1871 lemur
Eulemur rufus Audebert 1799 red lemur
Eulemur mongoz Linnaeus 1766 mongoose lemur
Pachylemur sp. Lamberton 1948 lemur
 Rodentia - Muridae
Rattus rattus Linnaeus 1758 black rat
Mus musculus Linnaeus 1758 house mouse
 Rodentia - Nesomyidae
Eliurus myoxinus tufted-tailed rat
Eliurus sp. Milne-Edwards 1885 tufted-tailed rat
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
cf. Accipiter madagascariensis Verreaux 1833 Madagascar sparrowhawk
cf. Buteo sp. de Lacepède 1799 hawk
 Pelecaniformes - Threskiornithidae
cf. Lophotibis cristata Boddaert 1783 Madagascar ibis
 Galliformes - Numididae
Numida meleagris Linnaeus 1758 helmeted guineafowl
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
 Passeriformes - Motacillidae
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Dryolimnas cuvieri Pucheran 1845 white-throated rail
 Psittaciformes - Psittaculidae
Coracopsis nigra Linnaeus 1758 Black parrot
 Cuculiformes - Cuculidae
Coua sp. Schinz 1821 coua
Coua cristata Linnaeus 1766 crested coua
Coua gigas Boddaert 1783 giant coua
 Coraciiformes - Coraciidae
Eurystomus glaucurus Statius Muller 1776 broad-billed roller
 Leptosomiformes - Leptosomidae
Leptosomus discolor Hermann 1783 Cuckoo roller
 Squamata - Gekkonidae
Geckolepis sp. Grandidier 1867 gecko
 Testudines - Testudinidae
Pyxis sp. Bell 1827 turtle
 Testudines - Podocnemididae
Erymnochelys madagascariensis Grandidier 1867 sideneck turtle