AF (Eocene of the United States)

Also known as Trinity River

Where: Houston County, Texas (31.2° N, 95.7° W: paleocoordinates 32.4° N, 87.0° W)

When: Landrum Member (Cook Mountain Formation), Bartonian (41.3 - 38.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: shallow subtidal; poorly lithified marl

• marl with limey concretions

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by Christopher Garvie

Primary reference: W. J. Foster, C. L. Garvie, A. M. Weiss, A. D. Muscente, M. Aberhan, J. W. Counts, and R. C. Martindale. 2020. Resilience of marine invertebrate communities during the early Cenozoic hyperthermals. Scientific Reports 10:2176 [A. Miller/J. Sessa/W. Foster]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 205410: authorized by William Foster, entered by William Foster on 15.10.2019

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Gastropoda
 Patellida - Lottiidae
? Acmaea sp. Eschscholtz 1830 limpet
 Opisthobranchia - Scaphandridae
Mnestia sp. Adams and A 1854 snail
 Opisthobranchia - Retusidae
 Opisthobranchia - Cylichnidae
Abderospira cf. aldrichi Langdon 1886 snail
 Opisthobranchia -
 Heterostropha - Mathildidae
 Heterostropha - Pyramidellidae
Pyramidella sp. Lamarck 1799 snail
Odostomia sp. Fleming 1817 snail
"Odostomia (Evalea) melanella" = Evalea snail
 Heterostropha - Architectonicidae
Architectonica sp. Röding 1798 sundial
Architectonica spp. Röding 1798 sundial
"Architectonica (Solariaxis) acuta" = Architectonica acuta Conrad 1854 sundial
Architectonica (Granosolarium) meekana Harris and Palmer 1947 sundial
"Architectonica scrobiculata" = Patulaxis scrobiculata Conrad 1833 snail
 Heterostropha - Acteonidae
Acteon pomilis snail
punctatus
Acteon sp. Montfort 1810 snail
Acteon cf. idoneus Conrad 1833 snail
 Heterostropha - Ringiculidae
Ringicula sp. Deshayes 1838 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
aff. Trochus sp. Linnaeus 1758 top snail
 Trochoidea - Skeneidae
 Trochoidea - Colloniidae
Cirsochilus sp. Cossmann 1888 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Vitrinellidae
Cyclostremiscus sp. Pilsbry and Olsson 1945 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Xenophoridae
Xenophora sp. Fischer von Waldheim 1807 carrier shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Ranellidae
"Distorsio (Personella) septemdentata" = Sassia (Personella) septemdentata
"Distorsio (Personella) septemdentata" = Sassia (Personella) septemdentata Gabb 1860 triton shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Cassidae
Galeodea sp. Link 1807 snail
Galeodea planotecta Meyer and Aldrich 1886 snail
"Phalium brevicostatum" = Cassis brevicostatus Conrad 1834 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Eocypraeidae
Sulcocypraea sp. Conrad 1865 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Cypraeidae
? Cypraeorbis sp. Conrad 1865 cowry
 Sorbeoconcha - Ovulidae
"Neosimnia sp." = Simnia
"Neosimnia sp." = Simnia Risso 1826 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Ficidae
"Ficopsis penita" = Ficus, "Ficopsis texana" = Ficus
"Ficopsis penita" = Ficus fig shell
"Ficopsis texana" = Ficus fig shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Strombidae
Volutostrombus eocenica, "Ectinochilus texanum" = Rimella
Volutostrombus eocenica Garvie 2013 true conch
"Ectinochilus texanum" = Rimella true conch
 Sorbeoconcha - Rostellariidae
Calyptraphorus velatus Conrad 1833 snail
? nodovelatus
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Oliva sp. Bruguière 1789 olive snail
Ancilla staminea Conrad 1832 olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Olivellidae
? Agaronia sp. Gray 1839 snail
Agaronia alabamensis Conrad 1833 snail
 Neogastropoda - Costellariidae
Pyramimitra terebraeformis Conrad 1848 ribbed mitre
Conomitra texana ribbed mitre
Conomitra fusoides Lea 1833 ribbed mitre
Uromitra sp. Bellardi 1887 ribbed mitre
 Neogastropoda - Mitridae
Fusimitra polita mitre shell
Volvaria sp. Lamarck 1810 mitre shell
 Neogastropoda - Clavatulidae
"Leptosurcula beadata" = Turricula (Leptosurcula) snail
 Neogastropoda - Borsoniidae
? Asthenotoma sp. Harris and Burrows 1891 snail
"? Cordiera sp." = Cordieria Rouault 1848 snail
Cordiera ludoviciana Vaughn 1896 snail
Microdrillia sp. Casey 1903 snail
 Neogastropoda - Cochlespiridae
Cochlespira engonata Conrad 1865 snail
Tropisurcula sp. Casey 1904 snail
"Eodrillia lonsdalii" = Tropisurcula (Eodrillia) snail
"Eodrillia texana" = Tropisurcula (Eodrillia) snail
 Neogastropoda - Terebridae
Hastula houstonia auger snail
Hastula sp. Adams and Adams 1853 auger snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
? Eopleurotoma sp. Cossmann 1889 turrid
Trypanotoma terebriformis Harris 1937 turrid
Hesperiturris nodocarinatus Gabb 1860 turrid
? Pleurofusia sp. de Gregorio 1890 turrid
Pleurofusia sp. de Gregorio 1890 turrid
Awateria retifera Gabb 1860 turrid
"Coronia aff. margaritosa" = Gemmula (Coronia) turrid
"Coronia margaritosa" = Gemmula (Coronia) turrid
"Coronia sp." = Gemmula (Coronia) turrid
"Coronia spp." = Gemmula (Coronia) turrid
Coronia nodulina Casey 1904 turrid
"Coronia ? genitiva" = Gemmula (Coronia) genitiva Casey 1904 turrid
Coronia childreni Lea 1833 turrid
Surculoma spp. Casey 1904 turrid
Scobinella spp. Conrad 1848 turrid
Protosurcula gabbii Conrad 1865 turrid
Michela trabeatoides Harris 1895 turrid
Eosurcula moorei Gabb 1860 turrid
 Neogastropoda - Raphitomidae
aff. Raphitoma sp. Monterosato 1884 snail
Raphitoma sp. Monterosato 1884 snail
Raphitoma spp. Monterosato 1884 snail
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus sp., "Conus (Lithoconus) sauridens" = Conus sauridens, Glyptotoma conradiana, Glyptotoma sp.
Conus sp. Linnaeus 1758 cone shell
"Conus (Lithoconus) sauridens" = Conus sauridens Conrad 1833 cone shell
Glyptotoma sp. Casey 1904 cone shell
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
Lapparia aff. nuda Stenzel and Turner 1940 volute
Caricella demissa Conrad 1848 volute
texana
Caricella pyruloides Conrad 1832 volute
"Volutocorbis sp." = Athleta (Volutocorbis) Dall 1890 volute
"Athleta petrosus" = Athleta petrosa Conrad 1833 volute
Bullata cf. semen Lea 1833 volute
Bullata semen Lea 1833 volute
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Pterynotus (Pterynotus) sabinola Palmer 1960 mustached bat
Murexiella (Murexiella) sp. Clench and Farfante 1945 murex snail
? Murex sp. Linnaeus 1758 murex snail
Murex sp. Linnaeus 1758 murex snail
"Chicoreus (Phyllonotus) engonatus" = Hexaplex (Hexaplex) engonatus Conrad 1833 murex snail
"Hexaplex vanuxemi" = Hexaplex (Hexaplex) vanuxemi Conrad 1865 murex snail
silvicatus
"Murex vanuxemi" = Hexaplex (Hexaplex) vanuxemi Conrad 1865 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
Mitrella sp. Risso 1826 snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Papillina ? dumosa Conrad 1854 snail
Latirus moorei Gabb 1860 snail
? Fusinus sp. Rafinesque 1815 snail
Clavilithes sp. Swainson 1840 snail
Clavilithes spp. Swainson 1840 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Terebrifusus amoenus Conrad 1833 true whelk
Bolis sp. Gardner 1939 true whelk
Pseudoliva vetusta Conrad 1833 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Bullia sp. Gray 1834 snail
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
Bonellitia sp. Jousseaume 1887 snail
Trigonostoma babylonicum Lea 1833 snail
Trigonostoma gemmatum Conrad 1833 snail
Trigonostoma cf. panones snail
smithvillensis
Sveltia sp. Jousseaume 1887 snail
Coptostoma ulmulum Harris and Palmer 1947 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Hipponicidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Naticidae
"Euspira sabina" = Natica semilunata sabina Palmer 1937 moon snail
aff. Natica sp. Scopoli 1777 moon snail
Neverita limula Conrad 1833 moon snail
Polinices aratus moon snail
Sinum arctatum moon snail
Sinum inconstans moon snail
Sinum declive Conrad 1833 moon snail
Crommium sp. Cossmann 1888 moon snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Rissoidae
Turboella sp. Leach in Gray 1847 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Adeorbidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Triforidae
 Architaenioglossa - Viviparidae
 Neotaenioglossa - Calyptraeidae
"Calyptraea aperta" = Calyptraea (Trochita) aperta
"Calyptraea aperta" = Calyptraea (Trochita) aperta Solander 1766 slipper shell
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
Eulima spp. Risso 1826 snail
Niso spp. Risso 1826 snail
 Cerithioidea - Turritellidae
Turritella cortezi turret shell
Turritella houstonia turret shell
Turritella sp. Lamarck 1799 turret shell
Turritella dutexata Harris 1895 turret shell
Turritella nasuta turret shell
Mesalia claibornensis turret shell
"Turritella cf. infans" = Haustator infans Stenzel 1940 turret shell
"Turritella ? dumblei" = Kapalmerella dumblei Harris 1895 turret shell
 Cerithioidea - Cerithiidae
Bittium koeneni cerith snail
 Epitonioidea - Epitoniidae
Cirsotrema sp. Mörch 1852 wentletrap
Cirsotrema (Coroniscala) nassulum Conrad 1854 wentletrap
? Epitonium sp. Bolten 1798 wentletrap
"aff. Scala sp." = Epitonium (Scala) Humphrey wentletrap
Scalina trapaquara wentletrap
Acirsa (Hemiacrisa) gracilior Meyer 1886 wentletrap
Bivalvia
 Carditida - Carditidae
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
Crassatella sp. Lamarck 1799 clam
Crassatella antestriata Gabb 1860 clam
Crassatella texalta Harris 1895 clam
Crassinella minor Lea 1833 clam
 Carditida - Astartidae
Lirodiscus sp., "Cuna parva" = Astarte parva
Lirodiscus sp. Conrad 1869 clam
"Cuna parva" = Astarte parva Wood 1840 clam
 Pholadomyida - Pholadomyidae
 Poromyida - Verticordiidae
Verticordia sp. Sowerby 1844 clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellina sp. Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Abra sp. Lamarck 1818 abra
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Corculum sp. Röding 1798 cockle
 Cardiida - Kelliellidae
Alveinus minutus Conrad 1865 clam
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama sp. Linnaeus 1758 jewel box
 Cardiida - Veneridae
? Pitar sp. Römer 1857 venus clam
Pitar sp. Römer 1857 venus clam
Katherinella sp. Tegland 1929 venus clam
Katherinella cf. trinitatis Stenzel et al. 1957 venus clam
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
"Timothynus anteproductus" = Diplodonta (Timothynus)
"Timothynus anteproductus" = Diplodonta (Timothynus) clam
 Cardiida - Corbiculidae
Corbicula sp. Megerle 1811 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
? Corbula sp. Bruguière 1789 clam
 Solenida - Solenidae
Solen sp. Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Unionida - Unionidae
Megalonaias nervosa freshwater mussel
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Glycymeris sabinensis" = Tucetona sabinensis, Glycymeris idonea
"Glycymeris sabinensis" = Tucetona sabinensis Harris 1919 clam
Glycymeris idonea Conrad 1865 clam
 Arcida - Arcidae
Barbatia sp. Gray 1842 clam
Bathyarca sp. Kobelt 1891 clam
Arca sp. Linnaeus 1758 ark
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Cubitostrea sellaeformis Conrad 1832 oyster
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Pteria sp. Scopoli 1777 pearl oyster
 Ostreida - Pinnidae
Atrina sp. Gray 1842 oyster
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
Plicatula filamentosa Conrad 1833 scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomia sp. Linnaeus 1758 jingle
Anomia lisbonensis Aldrich 1886 jingle
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Eburneopecten sp. Conrad 1865 scallop
Eburneopecten scintillatus Conrad 1854 scallop
 Nuculanida - Nuculanidae
Orthoyoldia sp. Verrill 1897 pointed nut clam
Calorhadia (Calorhadia) compsa Gabb 1860 pointed nut clam
Calorhadia houstonia pointed nut clam
Calorhadia sp. Stewart 1930 pointed nut clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula (Nucula) mauricensis Harris 1919 nut clam
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Fustiariidae
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium spp., "Dentalium (Antalis) minutistriatum" = Dentalium minutistriatum
Dentalium spp. Linnaeus 1758 tusk shell
"Dentalium (Antalis) minutistriatum" = Dentalium minutistriatum Gabb 1850 tusk shell
 Gadilida - Gadilidae
Cadulus spp., Cadulus (Gadila) juvenis, "Cadulus (Gadila) brazosensis" = Gadila, "Cadulus (Gadila) moseleyensis" = Gadila
Cadulus spp. Philippi 1844 tusk shell
Cadulus (Gadila) juvenis Meyer 1886 tusk shell
"Cadulus (Gadila) brazosensis" = Gadila tusk shell
"Cadulus (Gadila) moseleyensis" = Gadila tusk shell
Pasithea
  -
"Niso umbilicata" = Pasithea umbilicata
"Niso umbilicata" = Pasithea umbilicata Lea 1833