Majiwa (Miocene of Kenya)

Also known as ETE Locality 138, Majiwa, Majiwa Bluff,

Where: Nyanza, Kenya (0.2° S, 34.6° E: paleocoordinates 0.9° S, 33.1° E)

When: Maboko Formation, Serravallian (13.8 - 11.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: composite, ETE age comment: equivalent in age to Maboko sites (14-16 Ma); overlying Kisumu Phonolite dated by K/Ar at 12.3 +/- 0.02 My radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: fluvial; siltstone

• ETE sed env 1: fluvial, ETE sed env 2: overbank ETE event: ., ETE env comment: drier conditions of depo-sition than at Maboko
• ETE rock type adj: ., ETE lithology comments: silty conglomerates

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 6, ; ETE museum list: KNM

Primary reference: P. Andrews, G.E. Meyer, D.R. Pilbeam, J.A. Van Couvering, and J.A.H. Van Couvering. 1981. The Miocene Fossil Beds of Maboko Island, Kenya: Geology, Age, Taphonomy, and Palaeontology. Journal of Human Evolution 10:35-48 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 21339: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 10.06.1991

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx sp. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Pelomedusidae
cf. Pelusios sp. Wagler 1830 sideneck turtle
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Crocodylus sp. Laurenti 1768 crocodile
Mammalia
 Primates - Victoriapithecidae
Victoriapithecus macinnesi von Koenigswald 1969 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
"Sivapithecus sp." = Sivapithecus, "Ramapithecus wickeri" = Sivapithecus, Dryopithecus sp., "Pongidae indet." = Hominidae
"Sivapithecus sp." = Sivapithecus Pilgrim 1910 ape
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Maboko 2
"Ramapithecus wickeri" = Sivapithecus ape
Dryopithecus sp. Lartet 1856 ape
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Maboko 1
"Pongidae indet." = Hominidae Gray 1825 ape
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Pongidae-small
 Primates -
"Sivapithecus africanus" = Equatorius africanus
"Sivapithecus africanus" = Equatorius africanus Le Gros Clark and Leakey 1951 ape
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: (= to Kenyapithec)
 Rodentia - Pedetidae
Pedetidae indet. Gray 1825 springhare
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Pedetidae-small
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Rhinocerotidae
Chilotheridium pattersoni Hooijer 1971 rhinoceros
 Ferae -
Creodonta indet. Cope 1875 creodont
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Creodonta
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus sp. Geoffroy 1791 aardvark
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotheriidae indet. Hay 1922 gomphothere
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Gomphotheriidae
 Proboscidea - Amebelodontidae
Protanancus macinnesi Arambourg 1945 proboscidean
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Prodeinotherium hobleyi Andrews 1911 deinothere
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
Schizochoerini indet. Golpe-Posse 1972 peccary
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Schizochoerini
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Suidae
Listriodon akatikubas Wilkinson 1976 pig
cf. Lopholistriodon moruoroti Wilkinson 1976 pig
"Libycochoerus khinzikebirus" = Megalochoerus khinzikebirus Wilkinson 1976 pig
 Artiodactyla - Sanitheriidae
"Xenochoerus africanus" = Sanitherium
"Xenochoerus africanus" = Sanitherium even-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla - Climacoceratidae
Climacoceras africanus MacInnes 1936 even-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla - Tragulidae
Dorcatherium cf. chappuisi Arambourg 1933 chevrotain
Dorcatherium cf. pigotti Whitworth 1958 chevrotain
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Palaeotragus sp. Gaudry 1861 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae
cf. Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle