Majiwa (Miocene of Kenya)

Also known as ETE Locality 892, Majiwa,

Where: Kenya (0.2° N, 34.6° E: paleocoordinates 0.6° S, 33.2° E)

When: Maboko Formation, Serravallian (13.8 - 11.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: composite, ETE age comment: Max age = ~17 Ma based on biostratigraphy. Min age = 11.8 +/- 1.0 my (K/Ar date on Majiwa phonolite) radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: fluvial

• ETE sed env 1: fluvial, ETE sed env 2: . ETE event: ., ETE env comment: river and floodplains
• ETE rock type adj: ., ETE lithology comments: "silts, calcretes, and silty conglomerates"

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 483, 482, 481, 480, 478, 477, ; ETE museum list: KNM

Primary reference: M. Pickford. 1982. New Higher Primate Fossils from the Middle Miocene Deposits at Majiwa and Kaloma, Western Kenya. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 58:1-19 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22071: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 24.02.1999

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Careastus indet.
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Edouardia indet.
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Trochanina indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Homorus indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Krafiella indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Edentulina indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Primigulella indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Tayloria indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Schizichoerini indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Schizichoerini
Insecta
 Dicondylia -
cf. Lepidoptera indet. Linnaeus 1758 moth
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: cf. Lepidoptera cocoon
Myriapoda
  -
Myriapoda indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Myriapoda
Gastropoda
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullariidae
"Ampullaria ovata" = Pila ovata
"Ampullaria ovata" = Pila ovata Olivier 1804 apple snail
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
 Pulmonata - Achatinidae
Limicolaria indet. Schumacher 1817 slug
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx sp. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Pelomedusidae
cf. Pelusios sp. Wagler 1830 sideneck turtle
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Crocodylus sp. Laurenti 1768 crocodile
 Squamata - Pythonidae
Pythonidae indet. Fitzinger 1826 python
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Pythonidae
Mammalia
 Primates - Victoriapithecidae
Victoriapithecus macinnesi von Koenigswald 1969 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
Dryopithecus sp. Lartet 1856 ape
Kenyapithecus sp. Leakey 1961 ape
Kenyapithecus sp. Leakey 1961 ape
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - species name "sp. 2"
 Primates -
"Kenyapithecus africanus" = Equatorius africanus
"Kenyapithecus africanus" = Equatorius africanus Le Gros Clark and Leakey 1951 ape
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
cf. Cercopithecidae indet. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: cf. Cerocpithecidae
 Rodentia - Pedetidae
Pedetidae indet. Gray 1825 springhare
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Pedetidae - sm
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Rhinocerotidae
 Ferae -
Creodonta indet. Cope 1875 creodont
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Creodonta
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus sp. Geoffroy 1791 aardvark
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotheriidae indet. Hay 1922 gomphothere
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Gomphotheriidae
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Prodeinotherium hobleyi Andrews 1911 deinothere
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Suidae
Listriodon akatikubas Wilkinson 1976 pig
cf. Lopholistriodon moruoroti Wilkinson 1976 pig
 Artiodactyla - Climacoceratidae
Climacoceras africanus MacInnes 1936 even-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla - Tragulidae
Dorcatherium cf. chappuisi Arambourg 1933 chevrotain
Dorcatherium cf. pigotti Whitworth 1958 chevrotain
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
cf. Palaeotragus sp. Gaudry 1861 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae
cf. Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
Osteichthyes
 Ceratodontiformes - Lepidosirenidae
Protopterus sp. Agassiz 1843 african lungfish
Monocots
 Poales - Poaceae
Poaceae indet. Barnhart 1895
ETE occurrence; species: Poaceae
Micropithecus
  - Dendropithecidae
Micropithecus leakeyorum Harrison 1989
described by Harrison 1989 (ref 5308)