Kathgodam, Nainital (Miocene of India)

Where: Uttarakhand, India (29.3° N, 79.5° E: paleocoordinates 23.8° N, 79.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Siwalik Group, Middle Miocene (16.0 - 11.6 Ma)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; sandstone and mudstone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Primary reference: M. Prasad. 2008. Angiospermous fossil leaves from the Siwalik foreland basins and their palaeoclimatic implications. The Palaeobotanist 57:177-215 [B. Allen/B. Allen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 222797: authorized by Bethany Allen, entered by Bethany Allen on 25.10.2021

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Dicotyledoneae
 Papaverales - Capparidaceae
Capparis palaeomicrantha Prasad et al. 2004 caper
 Ericales - Ebenaceae
Diospyros nainitalensis Prasad et al. 2004
Diospyros palaeoeriantha Prasad et al. 2004
Diospyros kathgodamensis n. sp. Prasad 1994
 Ericales - Sapotaceae
Sarcosperma mioarboratum Prasad et al. 2004
 Myrtales - Combretaceae
 Myrtales - Lythraceae
Lagerstroemia patelii Lahkanpal and Guleria 1987 crepe myrtle
Lagerstroemia jamraniensis Prasad et al. 2004 crepe myrtle
 Primulales - Myrsinaceae
Ardisia palaeosimplicifolia Prasad 1994 coralberry
Angiospermae
 Poales - Poaceae
Bambusa siwalika Awasthi and Prasad 1990 bamboo
 Zingiberales - Marantaceae
"Clinogyne ovatus" = Donax ovatus, Alpinia siwalica
"Clinogyne ovatus" = Donax ovatus Awasthi and Prasad 1990
Alpinia siwalica Prasad et al. 2004 Shell ginger
 Laurales - Lauraceae
Michilus miocenica Prasad 1994 laurel
 Violales - Flacourtiaceae
Gynocardia mioodorata Prasad et al. 2004
Hydnocarpus palaeokurzii Antal and Awasthi 1993
Uncobia palaeospinosa Prasad 1994
 Gentianales - Rubiaceae
Gardenia nainitalensis Prasad 1994 coffee
Morinda palaeotinctoria Prasad 1994 coffee
 Gentianales - Apocynaceae
Wrightia siwalica Prasad 1994 dogbane
 Sapindales - Anacardiaceae
Holarrhena nainitalensis Prasad et al. 2004 cashew
 Sapindales - Meliaceae
Toona siwalica Awasthi and Lakhanpal 1990 mahogany
Dysoxylum mioklanderi Prasad 1994 mahogany
Chukrasia miocenica Prasad 1994 mahogany
 Sapindales - Rutaceae
Acronychia siwalica Prasad 1994 citrus
Geijera siwalica Prasad 1994 citrus
 Sapindales - Sapindaceae
Euphorea siwalica Prasad 1994 soapberry
Cupania miocenica Prasad et al. 2004 soapberry
 Malvales - Dipterocarpaceae
Shorea miocenica Konomatsu and Awasthi 1999
Hopea kathgodamensis n. sp. Prasad 1994
Dipterocarpus siwalicus Lakhanpal and Guleria 1987
 Malvales - Tiliaceae
Grewia kathgodamensis n. sp. Prasad et al. 2004
 Malvales - Malvaceae
Sterculia kathgodamense n. sp. Prasad 1994 tropical chestnut
 Malvales - Bixaceae
Bixa kathgodamensis n. sp. Prasad et al. 2004
 Malvales - Bombacaceae
Pachira palaeomalabarica Prasad et al. 2004
 Rosales - Rosaceae
Parinari kathgodamensis n. sp. Prasad 1994 rose
 Rosales - Rhamnaceae
Zizyphus kathgodamensis n. sp. Prasad 1994 buckthorn
Zizyphus miocenicus Prasad 1994 buckthorn
 Fabales - Fabaceae
Millettia kathgodamensis n. sp. Prasad et al. 2004 legume
Millettia palaeoracemosa Awasthi and Prasad 1990 legume
Millettia siwalica Prasad 1994 legume
Derris prakashii Prasad et al. 2004 legume
Albizia siwalica Prasad 1994 legume
Ormosia robustoides Prasad 1990 legume
Cassia siwalica Prasad 1994 legume
Pongamia kathgodamensis n. sp. Prasad et al. 2004 legume
Samanea siwalica Prasad 1994 legume
Acacia eosericata Prasad 1994 wattle
Cynometra palaeoiripa Prasad et al. 2004 legume
Dialium palaeoindum Prasad 1994 legume
 Malpighiales - Clusiaceae
Mesua tertiara Lakhanpal 1964
Garcinia eocambogia Prasad 1994
Calophyllum suraikholaensis Awasthi and Prasad 1990
 Malpighiales - Euphorbiaceae
Glochidion miocenica Prasad 1994 cheese tree
Phyllanthus mioreticulatus Prasad et al. 2004 spurge
Phyllanthus siwalica Prasad 1994 spurge
Mallotus venkatachalai Prasad 1994 spurge
Homonoia mioriparia Antal and Prasad 1997 spurge
 Rosids - Moraceae
Ficus precunea Lakhanpal 1968 fig
Ficus oodlabariensis Antal and Awasthi 1993 fig
 Magnoliales - Annonaceae
Uvaria siwalika Prasad 1994 custard apple
"Saccopetalum pretomentosum" = Miliusa (Saccopetalum) pretomentosa Prasad et al. 2004 custard apple
Cananga tertiara Prasad 1994 custard apple