Leeukloof (Permian of South Africa)

Also known as Leeupoort, Leeuwkloof, ETE Locality 1536

Where: Western Cape, South Africa (32.1° S, 22.0° E: paleocoordinates 60.7° S, 30.8° W)

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Tropidostoma Assemblage Zone zone, Teekloof Formation (Beaufort Group), Wuchiapingian (259.9 - 254.2 Ma)

• Originally entered as Kungurian to Olenekian

•Direct date for the Tropidostoma Assemblage Zone from Rubidge et al., 2013

Environment/lithology: crevasse splay; sandstone and claystone

• ETE sed env 1: fluvial, ETE sed env 2: crev_splay ETE event: flood, ETE env comment: 0
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: .

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: ETE Size: .; ETE reference list: 478, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: J. W. Kitching. 1977. The distribution of the Karroo vertebrate fauna. Memoirs of the Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research 1:1-131 [H. Sims/J. Camp]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 22661: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 17.04.2001, edited by Juan Benito Moreno and Richard Butler

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Procolophonia -
Pareiasaurus serridens Owen parareptile
 Gorgodontia -
"Cynarioides grimbeeki n. sp." = Scylacognathus grimbeeki4
"Cynarioides grimbeeki n. sp." = Scylacognathus grimbeeki4 Broom 1935 reptile
TMP 246, crushed skull and mandible
 Gorgodontia - Gorgonopidae
Aelurosaurus sp.4, Aelurosaurus brevirostris n. sp.2, "Galerhinus polyodon n. gen. n. sp." = Aelurosaurus polyodon
Aelurosaurus sp.4 Owen 1881 reptile
SAM-PK-10678
Aelurosaurus brevirostris n. sp.2 Broom 1948 reptile
Specimen now lost
"Galerhinus polyodon n. gen. n. sp." = Aelurosaurus polyodon Broom 1935 reptile
TM P341, snout with part of lower jaw
 Gorgodontia -
Scylacognathus major n. sp.1 Broom 1935 reptile
TM P256
Osteichthyes
 Therapsida - Emydopidae
Palemydops minor n. sp.3 Broom 1935 dicynodont
TM 247, an imperfect skull
 Therapsida - Pristerodontidae
Emyduranus gracilis n. sp.1 Broom 1935 dicynodont
TM 243, a skull
 Therapsida -
Pristerodon indet., "Emydopsis microdon n. sp." = Pristerodon mackayi, "Eumantellia mirus n. gen. n. sp." = Pristerodon mirus
Pristerodon indet. Huxley 1868 dicynodont
"Emydopsis microdon n. sp." = Pristerodon mackayi Huxley 1868 dicynodont
TM 269, a skull
"Eumantellia mirus n. gen. n. sp." = Pristerodon mirus Broom 1935 dicynodont
TM 248, a rather badly weathered anterior part of skull
 Therapsida - Pylaecephalidae
Diictodon sp.5, "Dicynodon grimbeeki n. sp." = Diictodon feliceps1
Diictodon sp.5 Broom 1913 dicynodont
"Dicynodon grimbeeki n. sp." = Diictodon feliceps1 Owen 1876 dicynodont
TM 253, a complete skull
 Therapsida - Cryptodontidae
"Tropidostoma microtrema" = Tropidostoma dubium, "Dicynodon acutirostris n. sp." = Tropidostoma dubium1, "Dicynodon validus n. sp." = Tropidostoma dubium1
"Tropidostoma microtrema" = Tropidostoma dubium Owen 1876 therapsid
"Dicynodon acutirostris n. sp." = Tropidostoma dubium1 Owen 1876 therapsid
TM 250 , partial skull
"Dicynodon validus n. sp." = Tropidostoma dubium1 Owen 1876 therapsid
TM 252, a distorted snout and anterior portion of the lower jaws