Birds River (Bir 111) (Triassic of South Africa)

Where: Eastern Cape, South Africa (31.5° S, 26.8° E: paleocoordinates 62.4° S, 7.2° W)

• coordinate based on unpublished field data

When: Molteno Formation (Stormberg Group), Carnian (237.0 - 228.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - small; gray, yellow shale

• "transient lake in back swamp" (Anderson and Anderson 1985 (ref. 6188))
• "yellowish grey, very well laminated shale" (Anderson and Anderson 1985 (ref. 6188))

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Primary reference: J. M. Anderson and H. M. Anderson. 1983. Palaeoflora of Southern Africa Molteno Formation (Triassic). Palaeoflora of Southern Africa Molteno Formation (Triassic) 1:1-227 [H. Sims/H. Lindon/H. Lindon]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 23142: authorized by Hallie Sims, entered by Heather Lindon on 10.07.2002, edited by Matthew Clapham and Jered Karr

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• habitat described as "Sphenobaiera closed woodland" (Anderson and Anderson 2000 (ref. 6625))
unclassified
  -
Insecta
 Hemiptera - Protopsyllidiidae
Protopsyllidiidae "nymph"3 Becker-Migdisova 1960 true bug
C-Dt II 1
 Hemiptera - Dysmorphoptilidae
"Dysmorphoptiloides protuberans n. sp." = Tennentsia protuberans3
"Dysmorphoptiloides protuberans n. sp." = Tennentsia protuberans3 Riek 1974 true bug
C-Dt II 342
 Hemiptera - Dunstaniidae
Prosbolomorpha clara n. gen. n. sp.3
Prosbolomorpha clara n. gen. n. sp.3 Riek 1974 true bug
C-Dt II 3
 Blattaria - Caloblattinidae
Samaroblatta sp.3 Tillyard 1919 cockroach
 Dicondylia -
Blattodea indet.3 Latreille 1810 cockroach
abdomen
 Dicondylia - Triassoblattidae
Triassoblatta robusta3 Riek 1974 winged insect
 Orthoptera - Haglidae
"aff. Afrohagla contorta" = Afrohagla contorta6, "Hagla contorta n. sp." = Afrohagla contorta3
"aff. Afrohagla contorta" = Afrohagla contorta6 Riek 1974 hump-winged cricket
"Hagla contorta n. sp." = Afrohagla contorta3 Riek 1974 hump-winged cricket
C-Dt II 351, and one more in Wappler 2001
 Orthoptera - Proparagryllacrididae
Proparagryllacrididae indet.6 Riek 1956 grasshopper
Gryllacrimima sp.6 Sharov 1968 grasshopper
Gryllacrimima johnski n. sp.6 Wappler 2001 grasshopper
BP/2/4533
Dordrechtia sp.6 Riek 1976 grasshopper
 Grylloblattodea - Euchauliodidae
Euchauliodes distinctus n. gen. n. sp.3
Euchauliodes distinctus n. gen. n. sp.3 Riek 1974 ice crawler
C-Dt II 2
 Hymenoptera - Xyelidae
Moltenia rieki n. gen. n. sp.4
Moltenia rieki n. gen. n. sp.4 Schlüter 2000 sawfly
PRE/F 10438
 Dicondylia -
Coleoptera indet.2 Linnaeus 1758 beetle
 Coleoptera - Ademosynidae
Ademosyne speciosa3 Riek 1974 beetle
 Dicondylia -
Mecoptera indet.2 Packard 1886 scorpionfly
 Reculida - Geinitziidae
Fletchitzia picturata5 Riek 1976 winged insect
PRE/F 10436
 Dicondylia -
Meganisoptera indet.2 Martynov 1932 griffinfly
 Eoblattida - Mesorthopteridae
Mesorthopteron similis n. sp.3 Riek 1974 insect
C-Dt II 354
 Eoblattida -
"Paraplecoptera indet." = Eoblattida2
"Paraplecoptera indet." = Eoblattida2 Handlirsch 1906 insect
Cycadeoideopsida
 Bennettitales -
Cycadolepis sp.1 Saporta 1875
Peltaspermopsida
 Peltaspermales - Peltaspermaceae
Lepidopteris sp.1 Schimper 1869
Peltaspermum sp.1 Harris 1937
Sphenobaiera sp.1 Florin 1936
 Peltaspermales - Umkomasiaceae
Dicroidium sp.1 Gothan 1912
Heidiphyllum
  -
Heidiphyllum sp.1 Retallack 1981
Equisetopsida
 Equisetales - Equisetaceae
Equisetum sp.1 Linnaeus
Gymnospermopsida
  -
Ginkgoopsida
 Ginkgoales -
Ginkgoites sp.1 Seward 1919
 Pentoxylales - Pentoxylaceae
Taeniopteris sp.1 Brongniart 1828
Cycadopsida
 Cycadales -
Pseudoctenis sp.1 Seward 1911 cycads
unclassified
  -
Pteridophyta indet.1 Haeckel 1875
Pteridopsida
  -
"Filicopsida indet." = Pteridopsida1
"Filicopsida indet." = Pteridopsida1 Ritgen 1828
Lycopsida
  -
Muscites
  -
Muscites sp.1 Brongniart 1828