Gebel el Dist (7p) (Cretaceous of Egypt)

Also known as Spinosaurus type

Where: Matruh, Egypt (28.4° N, 28.9° E: paleocoordinates 8.1° N, 23.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Baharîje Formation, Early/Lower Cenomanian (99.6 - 93.5 Ma)

• p (or "7p") is the lowest layer at the site

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; gray, yellow sandstone and ferruginous sandstone

• whitish-gray to yellowish, clayey, gypsum-free sandstone, below a cover of 30 cm of ferruginous sandstone and 1 m of hard clay

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by Markgraf in 1912

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (float), surface (in situ), mechanical,

Primary reference: E. Stromer. 1915. Ergebnisse der Forschungsreisen Prof. E. Stromers in den Wüsten Ägyptens. II. Wirbeltier-Reste der Baharîje-Stufe (unterstes Cenoman). 3. Das Original des Theropoden Spinosaurus aegyptiacus nov. gen., nov. spec. Abhandlungen der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-physikalische Klasse Abhandlung 28(3):1-31 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 25127: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 28.08.2002

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Saurischia -
Sauropoda indet.2 sauropod
BSP 1912 VIII 64
aff. Aegyptosaurus sp.2 Stromer 1932 sauropod
BSP 1912 VIII 65
 Theropoda -
 Avetheropoda - Metriacanthosauridae
aff. Erectopus sauvagei3 Huene 1932 allosauroid
 Avetheropoda - Carcharodontosauridae
? Carcharodontosaurus saharicus3 Depéret and Savornin 1925 allosauroid
 Saurischia - Spinosauridae
Spinosaurus aegyptiacus n. gen. n. sp.
Spinosaurus aegyptiacus n. gen. n. sp. Stromer 1915 tetanuran
BSP 1915; type and additional vertebrae from same layer and area
 Saurischia -
Deltadromeus agilis1 Sereno et al. 1996 ceratosaur
BSP 1912 VIII 70