Catavi vertebrate and mollusc fauna at Seripona (Devonian of Bolivia)

Where: Bolivia (18.5° S, 64.8° W: paleocoordinates 64.9° S, 99.5° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Catavi Formation, Early/Lower Devonian (419.2 - 393.3 Ma)

• Although formation has been called Silurian based on sedimentological criteria, vertebrates suggest Lower Devonian, even Late Lower Devonian, age.

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; shale and black limestone

• Based on fauna, authors infer tidal marsh environment.
• "Near top of [Kirusillas Formation, which consists of grey to black lutites] are intercalations of green lutites and grey-green sandstone layers which mark the transition to the Catavi Formation. The latter is a 456 m. thick succession of lutites and lenses of black limestone with cone-in-cone structures. The bone-bed described herein has been found in the upper part of this formation."

Primary reference: P. Y. Gagnier, S. Turner, L. Friman, M. Suarez-Riglos, and P. Janvier. 1988. The Devonian vertebrate and mollusc fauna from Seripona (Dept. of Chiquisaca, Bolivia). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 176(2):269-297 [M. Foote/M. Foote/M. Foote]more details

PaleoDB collection 25592: authorized by Michael Foote, entered by Michael Foote on 18.09.2002

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Bivalvia
 Protobranchia -
 Thelodontida - Coelolepidae
Chondrichthyes
 Antarctilamniformes - Antarctilamnidae
Antarctilamna seriponensis n. sp. elasmobranch
 Acanthodei - Diplacanthidae
 Polyspondyli - Onchidae
Onchus punctuatus n. sp. shark
Onchus sicaeformis n. sp. shark
Onchus sp. Agassiz 1837 shark
 Ichthyotomi - Gyracanthidae
Gyracanthus sp. Agassiz 1837 shark
Teleostomi
  -
Acanthodii indet. Owen 1846 spiny fish
Acanthodii
 Ischnacanthida -
Ischnacanthida indet. Berg 1940 spiny fish
  -
Nodonchus rectus n. sp. spiny fish
 Climatiiformes -
Gomphonchus pluriformis n. sp. spiny fish