Pisdura Hill (claystone) (Cretaceous of India)

Also known as Phizdura, PIS 1, PIS 2

Where: Maharashtra, India (20.4° N, 79.1° E: paleocoordinates 26.9° S, 61.1° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Lameta Formation, Maastrichtian (72.1 - 66.0 Ma)

• infratrappean

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; green, red claystone

• "a thick bed of red clay, rarely containing green bands and occasionally poikiliic."

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: trace, replaced with phosphate, coprolite

Collected by Hislop, Blanford, Hughes, Matley, Ghosh in 1850-1932; reposited in the BMNH

Collection methods: surface (float),

• first collections by Hislop, 1850-1860 and Blanford, 1859; subsequent collections all from same area: T. W. H. Hughes (1877); C. A. Matley (1920), Matley's Percy Sladen Trust Expedition (1932)

Primary reference: S. Hislop. 1859. On the Tertiary deposits, associated with trap-rock, in the East Indes. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 16:154-182 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 26370: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 14.10.2002

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Bivalvia
 Unionida - Unionidae
Unio sp.2 Philipsson 1788 freshwater mussel
Gastropoda
 Architaenioglossa - Viviparidae
 Basommatophora - Physidae
Physa prinsepii Sowerby 1840 pulmonate
Gnathostomata
  -
Osteichthyes indet. bony fish
"vertebra of a large fish"
Reptilia
  -
Reptilia indet.6 Laurenti 1768 reptile
coprolites type Ba
Reptilia indet.6 Laurenti 1768 reptile
coprolites type B
Reptilia indet.6 Laurenti 1768 reptile
coprolites type C
 Testudines - Pelomedusidae
Pelomedusidae indet.2, "Hydraspis leithi" = Carteremys leithi3
Pelomedusidae indet.2 Cope 1868 sideneck turtle
"Hydraspis leithi" = Carteremys leithi3 Carter 1852 sideneck turtle
"tortoise"
 Sauria -
Sauria indet. diapsid
"saurian tooth"
 Saurischia -
Titanosaurus blanfordi n. sp.4 Lydekker 1879 sauropod
"pachydermous"
cf. Titanosaurus indicus5 Lydekker 1877 sauropod
GSI K27/503–504 & P5 (caudal vertebrae), 511 (distal L radius), 507 (prox. MC)
"cf. Laplatasaurus madagascariensis" = Titanosaurus madagascariensis5 Depéret 1896 sauropod
GSI K27/522 (sacral vertebra), 498–500 (caudal vertebrae)
Isisaurus sp.8 Wilson and Upchurch 2003 sauropod
coprolites type A
? Antarctosaurus sp.5 Huene 1927 sauropod
GSI K27/509 (L MT I), 510 (?ischium), 512 (chevron), 513 & 515–521 (ribs)
 Squamata - Madtsoiidae
Madtsoia pisdurensis n. sp.7 Mohabey et al. 2011 snake
225/GSI/PAL/CR/10 to 231/GSI/PAL/CR/10; possibly 1 individual, 11 total specimens
unclassified
  -
Gabonisporis vigourouxii
  -
Gabonisporis vigourouxii2 Boltenhagen 1967
spore from coprolite specimen, type A
Dicotyledonae
 Capparidales - Dilleniidae
aff. Capparidaceae indet.1 de Jussieu
recovered from coprolite, "probably type-A"
Protoerysiphe indicus
  -
Protoerysiphe indicus n. gen. n. sp.8
Protoerysiphe indicus n. gen. n. sp.8 Sharma et al. 2005
Lithouncinula lametaensis
  -
Lithouncinula lametaensis n. gen. n. sp.8
Lithouncinula lametaensis n. gen. n. sp.8 Sharma et al. 2005
Archaeoglomus globatus
  -
Archaeoglomus globatus n. gen. n. sp.8
Archaeoglomus globatus n. gen. n. sp.8 Sharma et al. 2005