Coal Mine Point; Divison 4, Section XV, coal-group 15 (Carboniferous of Canada)

Also known as South Joggins; Coal Measures; Head of Bay of Fundy

Where: Nova Scotia, Canada (45.7° N, 64.5° W: paleocoordinates 8.0° S, 7.2° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Joggins Formation (Cumberland Group), Westphalian A (318.1 - 314.6 Ma)

• From Steen (1934): "top of the Joggins formation...Division 4, Section XV., Coal-group 15 of the Joggins section given in Dawson's 'Acadian Geology,' 1868, pp. 156-178." From Lyell (1853): The fossils are from Bed 5 of a 25 ft section, composed of 7 beds. Bed 5 is approximately 600 ft below the main coal, "King's Vein".

•Original entry for Local Section name was "South Joggins"; for Bed/horizon "bed 5". In Steen (1934) a "bed 5" is not mentioned in any way. Also, in papers published before and after Lyell's "On the Remains of a Reptile..." (1953) a different numbering is applied to the Joggins Section. Thus, it is more appropriate to follow the stratigraphic terminology used in Dawson (1878, Acadian Geology, 3rd edn.; 1882, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., 173), Steen (1934, see description above) and Carroll (1964). Coal-group 15 consists of 3 beds with a total thickness of 10 ft 6 in. (Dawson, 1878) (TL)

•Original entry for chronostratigraphy was simply "Westphalian". Currently, the Cumberland Group is considered eqivalent to Westphalian A (Langsettian) (see e. g. Holmes et al., 1989, J. Vert. Paleont. 19; or Falcon-Lang et al. 2006, J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 163).(TL)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: mire or swamp; gray sandstone and coal

• From Lyell (1853): 5. Grey sandstone, with three erect trees, one having Stigmarian roots; erect Calamites and stems of unknown plants. (One of the erect trees in this bed contained the bones, teeth, &c. and land-shell above-mentioned.) ...9 ft;

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: coalified

Collected by J. W. Dawson, C. Lyell, among others; reposited in the BMNH

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying,

• RM = Redpath Museum of McGill Unversity, Montreal

Primary reference: M. C. Steen. 1934. The amphibian fauna from the South Joggins, Nova Scotia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1934:465-504 [J. Alroy/R. Whatley/E. Dunne]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 28069: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Robin Whatley on 22.01.2003, edited by Torsten Liebrecht, Matthew Clapham and Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Listed by Steen (1934) as Indeterminate species: Hylerpeton dawsoni Owen; Hylerpeton longidentatum Dawson; Hylerpeton intermedium Dawson; Hylonomus multidens Dawson; Hylonomus wymani Dawson; Smilerpeton aciedentatus Dawson; Amblyodon problematicum Dawson; Sparodus sp. Dawson; Baphetes minor Dawson.

•All catalogue numbers are from Steen (1934) and/or from Carroll (1967).

•The taxon "Batrachoididae indet.", entered under the reference Lyell & Dawson (1853), has been removed from the taxonomic list for it is a family of teleost fish. It probably referred to the "batrachian" affinities of the tetrapod bones noticed by Wyman (1853) but all these bones finally were assigned to Dendrerpeton acadianum n. gen. et sp. (see pls. II and III in Lyell & Dawson/Wyman/Owen, 1853). Thus the originally enterd taxon "Dendrerpeton acadianum", reference: Lyell & Dawson, was replaced by "Batrachia indet.", reference: Wyman (1853), and re-identification by Owen (1853) was added (TL).

•Re-identification of "Dendrerpeton oweni n. sp." as "Dendrerpeton acadianum" by by Steen was removed after opinons on synonymy of the the former with the latter species were entered into the database (TL).

Platystegos loricatum n. sp.
Authority is Dawson 1894.
Dendryazousa dikella n. gen. n. sp.
Asaphestrera platyris n. gen. n. sp.
Incertae sedis
Atopotera moneres n. gen. n. sp.
Incertae sedis
 Scorpiones - Mazoniidae
Mazonia sp.8 Meek and Worthen 1868 scorpion
Mazonia acadica n. sp.8 Scudder 1895 scorpion
 Xiphosurida -
Eurypterida indet. Burmeister 1843 eurypterid
 Spirobolida - Xyloiulidae
Xylobius similis8, Xylobius fractus8, "Xylobius sigillariae n. gen. n. sp." = Xyloiulus sigillariae3
Xylobius similis8 Scudder 1868 millipede
Xylobius fractus8 Scudder 1868 millipede
"Xylobius sigillariae n. gen. n. sp." = Xyloiulus sigillariae3 Dawson 1860 millipede
"numerous specimens"
 Chilognatha -
"Xylobius dawsoni" = Archicambala dawsoni8 Scudder 1868 millipede
Archiulus lyelli n. sp.8 Scudder 1895 millipede
Archiulus xylobioides8 Scudder 1868 millipede
Archiulus euphoberioides n. sp.8 Scudder 1895 millipede
 Amynilyspedida - Amynilyspedidae
? Amynilyspes sp.8 Scudder 1882 millipede
 Prosobranchia - Dendropupidae
"Pupa vetusta n. sp." = Dendropupa vetusta3
"Pupa vetusta n. sp." = Dendropupa vetusta3 Dawson 1860 snail
"pulmoniferous mollusk", ?Clausilia sp., ?Pupa sp., ?Helix sp. or ?Helicidae indet.; originally entered as "Mollusca indet."; number of specimens is from Dawson (1860)
 Temnospondyli - Eogyrinidae
Calligenethlon watsoni n. gen. n. sp.
Calligenethlon watsoni n. gen. n. sp. Steen 1934 tetrapod
 Temnospondyli - Dendrerpetonidae
"Dendrerpeton acadianum n. gen. n. sp." = Dendrerpeton acadianum6, "Dendrerpeton oweni n. sp." = Dendrerpeton acadianum4, "Hylonomus aciedentatus n. sp." = Dendrerpeton acadianum3, Dendrysekos helogenes n. gen. n. sp.
"Dendrerpeton acadianum n. gen. n. sp." = Dendrerpeton acadianum6 Owen 1853 tetrapod
"labyrinthodont Reptile", said to be similar to present-day Salamanders; see comments on taxonomic list
"Dendrerpeton oweni n. sp." = Dendrerpeton acadianum4 Owen 1853 tetrapod
"Hylonomus aciedentatus n. sp." = Dendrerpeton acadianum3 Owen 1853 tetrapod
RM 2.1125 (type)
Dendrysekos helogenes n. gen. n. sp. Steen 1934 tetrapod
Includes Dendrerpeton acadianum of Dawson 1882, in part.
 Eureptilia - Protorothyrididae
"Hylonomus" latidens, "Hylonomus lyelli n. gen. n. sp." = Hylonomus lyelli, "Hylerpeton curtidentatum n. sp." = Hylonomus lyelli, Hylonomus wymani n. sp.3
"Hylonomus" latidens eureptile
Authority is Dawson 1882.
"Hylonomus lyelli n. gen. n. sp." = Hylonomus lyelli Dawson 1860 eureptile
BMNH R4167 (vertebrae, pelvis, femur, phalanges, ribs and scales), R4168 (the holotype); RM 12207 (skull and jaw elements, vertebrae, limb elements); all specimens are part of the hypodigm as recognized by Carroll (1964)
"Hylerpeton curtidentatum n. sp." = Hylonomus lyelli Dawson 1860 eureptile
RM 2.1126 (holotype); originally entered as "Fritschia curtidentata"
Hylonomus wymani n. sp.3 Dawson 1860 eureptile
RM 3061 (type); according to Steen (1934), the specimen catalogued under this number represent series of vertebrae figured in pl. III fig. 4-7 in Lyell & Dawson/Wyman/Owen (1853). These vertebrae, however, are listed as BMNH R4156 and R4157 in Carroll (1967)
 Pelycosauria -
Protoclepsydrops haplous n. gen. n. sp.1
Protoclepsydrops haplous n. gen. n. sp.1 Carroll 1964 pelycosaur
RM 3166 (type); "figured by Steen (1934, fig. 22c, p. 490) as 'Hylonomus' latidens"; specimen is deducted from the original 5 occurences of "Hylonomus" latidens
 Lepospondyli -
 Microsauria -
Novascoticus multidens n. gen. n. sp.2
Novascoticus multidens n. gen. n. sp.2 Dawson 1882 tetrapod
RM 2.1128 (holotype), partial skull and lower jaw, shoulder girdle and humerus, scattered vertebrae
 Microsauria - Gymnarthridae
"Amblyodon problematicum n. sp." = Leiocephalikon problematicum2, "Leiocephalikon eutheton n. gen. n. sp." = Leiocephalikon problematicum, Hylerpeton dawsoni n. gen. n. sp.7
"Amblyodon problematicum n. sp." = Leiocephalikon problematicum2 Dawson 1882 tetrapod
RM 3061-10 (holotype), fragment of lower jaw with 10 teeth; RM 12195, maxilla; RM 2.1130, dentary; RM 2.1122a, dentary and coronoids
"Leiocephalikon eutheton n. gen. n. sp." = Leiocephalikon problematicum Dawson 1882 tetrapod
Hylerpeton dawsoni n. gen. n. sp.7 Owen 1862 tetrapod
BMNH R4180 (type; lower jaw), BMNH R4149 (figured in Lyell & Dawson/Wyman/Owen, 1853, pl. II fig. 2 as part of the type series of Dendrerpeton acadianum; assigned to H. dawsoni by Carroll, 1967)
  - Lepidodendraceae
Lepidodendron sp.5 Sternberg 1820
  - Calamitaceae
Calamites sp.5 Brongniart 1828
Stigmaria sp.5 Brongniart 1822
  - Sigillariaceae
Sigillaria sp.5 Brongniart 1822
? Poacites sp.5 Brongniart 1822