Old Crossman Clay Pit (Cretaceous of the United States)

Also known as South Amboy Fire Clay; Sayreville

Where: Middlesex County, New Jersey (40.5° N, 74.4° W: paleocoordinates 35.9° N, 40.6° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: South Amboy Fire Clay Member (Raritan/Lower Magothy Formation), Late/Upper Turonian (93.5 - 89.3 Ma)

• Zhou et al. (2001) states in the "Materials and Methods" section that the fossil materials (Microaltingia apocarpela) described was collected from the South Amboy Fire Clay (Raritan Formation).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; unlithified, silty claystone

• unconsolidated silt clay matrix

Size class: mesofossils

• Fossil flowers, dispersed stamens, fruits, seeds and wood are abundant and three-dimensionally preserved (Herendeen et al. 1993)

Preservation: charcoalification, original carbon, original sporopollenin

Collection methods: bulk, chemical, sieve,

Primary reference: Z. Zhou, W. L. Crepet, and K. C. Nixon. 2001. The earliest fossil evidence of the Hamamelidaceae: Late Cretaceous (Turonian) inflorescences and fruits of Altingioideae. American Journal of Botany 88:753-766 [H. Wang/H. Wang/H. Wang]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 28323: authorized by Hongshan Wang, entered by Hongshan Wang on 08.02.2003, edited by Julia Fosdick and Monica Arakaki

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Dicotyledoneae
 Ericales -
Paleoenkianthus sayrevillensis1 Nixon and Crepet 1993
Flower and fruit
Paleoenkianthus sayrevillensis n. gen. n. sp.6 Nixon and Crepet 1993
Flowers and fruits
Angiospermae
 Magnoliid -
Detrusandra mystagoga2 Crepet and Nixon 1998
Cronquistiflora sayrevillensis2 Crepet and Nixon 1998
 Pandanales - Triuridaceae
Mabelia connatifila n. gen. n. sp.3, Mabelia archaia n. sp.3, Nuhliantha nyanzaiana n. gen. n. sp.3
Mabelia connatifila n. gen. n. sp.3 Gandolfo et al. 2002
Mabelia archaia n. sp.3 Gandolfo et al. 2002
Nuhliantha nyanzaiana n. gen. n. sp.3 Gandolfo et al. 2002
 Saxifragales - Altingiaceae
Microaltingia apocarpela n. gen. n. sp., Microaltingia apocarpela n. gen. n. sp.7
Microaltingia apocarpela n. gen. n. sp. Zhou et al. 2001
Microaltingia apocarpela n. gen. n. sp.7 Zhou et al. 2001
Polypodiopsida
  - Gleicheniaceae
Boodlepteris turoniana4 Gandolfo et al. 1997
Chloranthistemon
  -
Chloranthistemon crossmanensis n. sp.5 Herendeen et al. 1993