Rügen Island, White Chalk (Cretaceous of Germany)

Where: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany (54.5° N, 13.6° E: paleocoordinates 46.9° N, 11.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: White Chalk Formation, Early/Lower Maastrichtian (70.6 - 66.0 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: offshore shelf; poorly lithified chalk

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: original calcite

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

Primary reference: J. W. M. Jagt. 2000. Late Cretaceous-Early Paleocene echinoderms and the K/T boundary in the southeast Netherlands and the northeast Belgium. - part 3: Ophiuroids. Scripta Geologica 21:1-179 [L. Villier/L. Villier/L. Villier]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 32022: authorized by Loic Villier, entered by Loic Villier on 01.06.2003, edited by Uta Merkel

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Ophiocistioidea
  - Rotasacciidae
"Protocaudina" sp.2 Croneis and McCormack 1932
new parataxa
Holothuroidea
  - Priscopedatidae
Tripuscucumis solveigae2 Reich 2003 sea cucumber
Prisculatrites sinuatus2 Reich 2003 sea cucumber
  -
Staurocumites sp.2 Deflandre-Rigaud 1952 sea cucumber
new parataxon
Staurocumites bartensteini2 Deflandre-Rigaud 1952 sea cucumber
 Dendrochirotida -
Dendrochirotida indet.2 Grube 1840 sea cucumber
new parataxa
 Dendrochirotida - Calclamnidae
Calclamna nuda2 Mostler 1971 sea cucumber
Calclamnella sp.2 Frizzell and Exline 1955 sea cucumber
Eocaudina inaequipora2 sea cucumber
Eocaudina lobata2 sea cucumber
Eocaudina multipora2 sea cucumber
 Apodida - Theeliidae
Jumaraina rara2 sea cucumber
Jumaraina venusta2 sea cucumber
 Apodida - Myriotrochidae
Hemisphaeranthos simplex2 Müller 1964 sea cucumber
Trematrochus smirnovi2 Reich 2002 sea cucumber
 Apodida - Synaptidae
Calcancora pomerania2 sea cucumber
Rigaudites nudus2 sea cucumber
 Aspidochirotida -
Aspidochirotida indet.2 Brandt 1835 sea cucumber
new parataxa
 Molpadiida -
Molpadiida indet.2 Haeckel 1896 sea cucumber
new parataxon
 Molpadiida - Molpadiidae
Calcligula frenzeli2 Reich 2003 sea cucumber
Calcligula cretacea2 Reich 2003 sea cucumber
Calcligula gracilis2 Reich 2003 sea cucumber
  - Stichopitidae
Stichopitella sp.2 sea cucumber
Ophiuroidea
 Phrynophiurida - Asteronychidae
? Asteronyx simplex Müller 1950 brittle star
fairly numerous dissociated vertebrae
? Asteronyx spinulosa n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
some forty ossicles
 Phrynophiurida - Trichasteridae
? Trichaster sp. Agassiz 1836 brittle star
numerous vertebrae
? Trichaster ornatus Rasmussen 1950 brittle star
numerous vertebrae
 Ophiurida - Ophiomyxidae
? Ophiosmilax alternatus Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
several dozens of vertebrae and lateral arm plates
? Ophioscolex cretaceus n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
numerous vertebrae and lateral arm plates
? Ophioscolex clivulus n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
several dozens of lateral arm plates
? Ophiomyxa rhipidata n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
several dozens of vertebrae, lateral arm plates and spines
? Ophiomyxa jekerica Berry 1938 brittle star
several dozens of vertebrae
? Ophiomyxa curvata n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
several dozens of vertebrae and lateral arm plates
 Ophiurida - Hemieuryalidae
? Hemieuryale parva n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
numerous lateral arm plates
 Ophiurida - Ophiactidae
? Ophiactis sulcata n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
fairly many arm ossicles
 Ophiurida - Ophiolepididae
Mesophiomusium moenense n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
a number of lateral arm plates
Ophiomusium sentum n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
fairly many arm ossicles
Ophiomusium sinuatum n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
fairly many arm ossicles
Ophiomusium granulosum Roemer 1841 brittle star
numerous arm and disc ossicles
Ophiomusium biconcavum n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
fairly many lateral arm plates
Ophiolepis linea n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
fairly many arm ossicles
? Ophiolepis granulata n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
fairly many arm ossicles
 Ophiurida - Ophiacanthidae
? Ophiacantha sp. Müller and Troschel 1842 brittle star
? Ophiacantha striata n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
a number of vertebrae and lateral plates
Ophiacantha rugosa n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
a fair number of arm ossicules
? Ophiacantha punctata n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
a fair number of arm ossicules
? Ophiacantha danica Rasmussen 1951 brittle star
numerous vertebrae and lateral arm plates
 Ophiurida - Ophiodermatidae
? Ophioderma radiatum n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
fairly numerous arm ossicles
? Ophioderma substriatum Rasmussen 1950 brittle star
numerous arm ossicles
 Ophiurida - Aplocomidae
Sinosura sp. Hess 1964 brittle star
few lateral arm plates
Sinosura jasmundensis n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
a number of lateral arm plates
Sinosura aff. schneideri Kutscher 1987 brittle star
 Ophiurida - Ophiuridae
? Stegophiura hagenowi, "Ophiotitanos serrata" = Ophiura serrata
? Stegophiura hagenowi Rasmussen 1950 brittle star
numerous arm ossicles
"Ophiotitanos serrata" = Ophiura serrata Roemer 1841 brittle star
numerous arm and disc ossicles
 Ophiurida - Amphiuridae
? Amphiura plana n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
numerous vertebrae and lateral arm plates
 Ophiurida - Ophiothricidae
? Ophiothela semirotunda n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
fairly many arm ossicles
? Ophiothrix cristata n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
numerous arm ossicles
? Ophiothrix bongaertsi n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
numerous arm ossicles
 Ophiurida - Ophiocomidae
? Ophiocoma ishidai n. sp. Kutscher and Jagt 2000 brittle star
a number of arm ossicles
? Ophiocoma rasmusseni Hess 1960 brittle star
fairly many arm ossicles
? Ophiocoma senonensis Valette 1914 brittle star
numerous arm ossicles
Asteroidea
 Paxillosida - Astropectinidae
Lophidiaster pygmaeus2 Spencer 1913 sea star
Coulonia sp.2 de Loriol 1874 sea star
 Notomyotida -
Notomyotida indet. n. sp.2 Ludwig 1910 sea star
 Valvatida - Stauranderasteridae
Stauranderasteridae indet.2 Spencer 1913 sea star
Stauranderaster mixtus2 Brünnich-Nielsen 1943 sea star
Stauranderaster miliaris2 Brünnich-Nielsen 1943 sea star
 Valvatida - Sphaerasteridae
Valettaster sp.2 Lambert 1914 sea star
 Valvatida - Pycinasteridae
Pycinaster rasmusseni2 Müller 1953 sea star
 Valvatida - Goniasteridae
Crateraster sp.2 Spencer 1913 sea star
"Teichaster reticulatus" = Crateraster reticulatus2 Schulz and Weitschat 1981 sea star
"Metopaster undulatus" = Parametopaster undulatus2 Spencer 1913 sea star
"Recurvaster gibber" = Recurvaster radiatus2 Spencer 1913 sea star
Ophryaster magnus2 Spencer 1913 sea star
"Nymphaster wrighti" = Chomataster wrighti2 Rasmussen 1950 sea star
Chomataster acules2 Spencer 1913 sea star
Metopaster poulsenii2 Brünnich-Nielsen 1943 sea star
Metopaster tumidus2 Spencer 1913 sea star
 Forcipulatida - Asteriidae
Asteriidae indet.2 Gray 1840 sea star
 Velatida - Pterasteridae
Pteraster sp.3 Müller and Troschel 1842 sea star
 Spinulosida - Echinasteridae
Echinasteridae indet.2 Verrill 1870 sea star
Echinoidea
 Cidaroida - Cidaridae
Temnocidaris baylei2, "Stereocidaris hagenowi" = Temnocidaris (Stereocidaris)2, "Stereocidaris pistillum" = Temnocidaris (Stereocidaris)2
Temnocidaris baylei2 Cotteau 1863 pencil urchin
"Stereocidaris hagenowi" = Temnocidaris (Stereocidaris)2 pencil urchin
"Stereocidaris pistillum" = Temnocidaris (Stereocidaris)2 pencil urchin
 Camarodonta - Glyphocyphidae
 Diadematoida - Diadematidae
 Holectypoida -
 Holasteroida - Holasteridae
Hagenowia elongata2 sea urchin
Offaster rugius2 sea urchin
new name for O. granulosus Kutscher 1978
Echinocorys perconicus2 Hagenow 1840 sea urchin
Echinocorys ovatus2 Leske 1778 sea urchin
Echinocorys scutatus2 Brydone 1912 sea urchin
Cardiaster granulosus2 Goldfuss 1826 sea urchin
 Spatangoida -
Peroniaster cotteaui2 Gauthier 1887 heart urchin
 Spatangoida - Micrasteridae
 Spatangoida - Brissidae
Cyclaster platornatus2 heart urchin
 Echinoneoida - Conulidae
Conulus magnificus2 sea urchin
 Echinoneoida - Galeritidae
 Calycina - Phymosomatidae
Gauthieria pseudoradiata2 Schluter 1883 sea urchin
Gauthieria radiata2 Sorignet 1850 sea urchin
Phymosoma koenigi2 sea urchin
Phymosoma taeniatum2 sea urchin
 Calycina -
 Salenioida - Saleniidae
Salenidia pygmaea2 sea urchin
"Salenia bonissenti" = Salenidia bonissenti2 Cotteau 1866 sea urchin
Salenia anthophora2 Muller 1847 sea urchin
Salenia belgica2 Lambert 1887 sea urchin
 Echinothurioida - Echinothuriidae
Crinoidea
 Bourgueticrinida -
 Bourgueticrinida - Bathycrinidae
 Comatulida -
 Isocrinida - Isocrinidae
 Isocrinida - Cainocrinidae
 Isocrinida - Isselicrinidae
Austinocrinus bicoronatus2 Hagenow 1840 Sea lily
 Isocrinida -
Hertha ex gr. mystica2 von Hagnow 1840 Sea lily
 Articulata -
Roveacrinida indet. n. sp.2 Sieverts-Doreck Sea lily
 Roveacrinida - Saccocomidae
Demospongea
 Tetralithistida - Siphoniidae
Aulaxinia fallax1 Schrammen 1910 demosponge
Aulaxinia sulcifera1 Roemer 1864 demosponge
Siphonia pyriformis1 Goldfuss 1826 demosponge
subsp. tubulosa
Callopegma acaule1 Zittel 1878 demosponge
Turonia cf. cerebriformis1 Schrammen 1910 demosponge
 Tetralithistida - Plinthosellidae
Plinthosella squamosa1 Zittel 1878 demosponge
 Megalithistida - Pleromatidae
Hexactinellida
 Innaecoeliida - Craticulariidae
Leptophragma cf. micropora1 Schrammen 1912 glass sponge
 Lychniscosa -
Plectascus labrosus1 Smith 1848 glass sponge
 Lychniscosa - Ventriculitidae
Ventriculites sp.1 Mantell 1822 glass sponge
Ventriculites radiatus1 Mantell 1822 glass sponge
Leiostracosia angustata1 Roemer 1841 glass sponge
Rhizopoterion tubiforme1 Schrammen 1912 glass sponge
 Hexactinosa - Aphrocallistidae
Aphrocallistes alveolites1 Roemer 1841 glass sponge
Calcarea
 Lithonida - Minchinellidae
Porosphaera woodwardi1 calcareous sponge
Porosphaera nuciformis1 calcareous sponge
Porosphaera plana1 Stolley 1892 calcareous sponge
Porosphaera galeata1 Stolley 1892 calcareous sponge
Porosphaera aff. adhaerens1 Brünnich Nielsen 1929 calcareous sponge
Porosphaera globularis1 Phillips 1829 calcareous sponge