Kadzielnia (Pleistocene of Poland)

Also known as Kadzielnia Hill

Where: Poland (50.9° N, 20.6° E: paleocoordinates 50.9° N, 20.4° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: MN 17 (2.6 - 1.8 Ma)

• Comprable to the Villanyium horizon, equivalent to the Gunz-mindel Interglacial (1958). Assignable to mammalian zone MN 17/Q1 (Ref 9172, 1989).

Environment/lithology: cave

• fossils probably accumulated by the action of raain water which carried bones of animals...the caves were gradually filled in with limestone residuum with a high content of calcium carbonate

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: K. Kowalski. 1958. An early Pleistocene fauna of small mammals from the Kadzielnia Hill in Kielce (Poland). 3(1):1-48 [J. Alroy/E. Leckey/E. Leckey]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 32485: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Erin Leckey on 03.07.2003, edited by Jason Head and Lars van den Hoek Ostende

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp.4 Linnaeus 1758 frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufonidae indet.4 Gray 1825 toad
Reptilia
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta sp.4 Linnaeus 1758 lizard
 Squamata - Anguidae
"Ophisaurus pannonicus" = Pseudopus pannonicus4, Anguis cf. fragilis4
"Ophisaurus pannonicus" = Pseudopus pannonicus4 Kormos 1911 legless lizard
Anguis cf. fragilis4 Linneaus 1758 Slow worm
 Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphe sp.4 Wagler 1833 colubrid snake
Elaphe aff. longissima11 Laurenti 1768 colubrid snake
Coronella austriaca11 Laurenti 1768 smooth snake
Natrix natrix11 Linnaeus 1758 water snake
 Squamata - Crotalidae
"Vipera berus" = Vipera (Pelias) berus11
"Vipera berus" = Vipera (Pelias) berus11 Linnaeus 1758 common adder
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sp. Kaup 1829 Eurasian field mouse
teeth
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys reidi vole
fragments of mandibles, detached teeth
Mimomys newtoni vole
fragments of mandibles with teeth and detached teeth
Mimomys pliocaenicus Forsyth Major 1889 vole
fragment of palate with teeth, damaged mandibles detached teeth
Dolomys episcopalis mouse
mandibular fragments with teeth, and detached teeth
Dolomys kretzoii n. sp. mouse
damaged mandibles with teeth and detached teeth
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciurus sp., "Citellus polonicus" = Spermophilus1
Sciurus sp. Linnaeus 1758 squirrel
tooth
"Citellus polonicus" = Spermophilus1 ground squirrel
P4, M1or2, M3, 3p4, 5m1or2
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Muscardinus sp. Kaup 1829 dormouse
tooth
Muscardinus cf. avellanarius3 Linnaeus 1758 hazel dormouse
m1
"Glis sp." = Myoxus (Glis)3 Brisson 1762 dormouse
mandible with all teeth, and a rostral protion of a skull with P4-M1, mandibular fragments with m1-m2, p4-m2, 4 toothless fragments, 1 maxillary fragment with P4-M2, isolated teeth: 1d1, 1p4, 6m1, 7m2, 2m3, 3P4, 6M1, 3M2, 1M3
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Hypolagus brachygnathus rabbit
fragments of mandibles with teeth (some complete), some postcranial bones
Pliolagus cf. tothi rabbit
fragments of mandibles with detached teeth
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
? Geotrypus copernici n. sp.10 Skoczen 1980 mole
? Neurotrichus polonicus n. sp.10 Skoczen 1980 shrew mole
Talpa fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
humeri, mandibular fragments and detached teeth
Talpa minor Freudenberg 1914 mole
humeri, mandibular fragments with teeth
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex sp. Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew
fragmentary mandibles and teeth
Sorex subaraneus9 long-tailed shrew
also re-ID of some of the S. cf. runtonensis specimens from ref 8762; 6 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Sorex minutus9 Linnaeus 1766 Eurasian pygmy shrew
5 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Sorex bor9 Reumer 1984 long-tailed shrew
mandibular fragments with teeth
Sorex (Drepanosorex) praearaneus9 Kormos 1934 long-tailed shrew
3 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Deinsdorfia hibbardi8 red-toothed shrew
fragmentary mandible or detached lower tooth
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
incomplete mandible with teeth, and mandibular fragments
Blarinoides mariae6 Sulimski 1959 red-toothed shrew
fragmentary mandibles and maxillae with teeth
Sulimskia kretzoii7 Sulimski 1962 red-toothed shrew
one fragmentary mandible or detached lower tooth
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
mandibular fragments with teeth and detached teeth
Beremendia fissidens6 Petényi 1864 shrew
138 specimens, fragmentary mandibles and maxillae with teeth
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis cf. exilis vesper bat
fragments of mandible with teeth
Myotis sp. Kaup 1829 vesper bat
fragments of mandibles with teeth
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus cf. ferrumequinum Schreber 1774 greater horseshoe bat
mandibular fragment with teeth, and detached teeth
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus sp.5 Linnaeus 1758 mammal
small mandibular fragment, m2, M2, M3