M27 Motorway (Eocene to of the United Kingdom)

Where: England, United Kingdom (51.1° N, 1.2° W: paleocoordinates 47.5° N, 4.2° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Bracklesham Group, Early/Lower Eocene to Early/Lower Eocene (55.8 - 37.2 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: sandstone

Primary reference: D. A. Bone, J. A. Todd, and S. Tracey. 1991. Fossils from the Bracklesham Group exposed in the M27 Motorway excavations, Southampton, Hampshire. Tertiary Research 12(3-4):131-137 [M. Patzkowsky/K. Layou/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 3258: authorized by Mark Patzkowsky, entered by Karen Layou on 28.07.1999, edited by Austin Hendy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Rotaliina
 Nummulitacea - Nummulitidae
Polychaeta
 Serpulimorpha -
Bivalvia
  -
Bivalvia indet. Linnaeus 1758 clam
rare - originally entered as "Nuclua sp."
 Arcida - Arcidae
Trigonodesma lissa Bayan 1873 clam
rare
"Barbatia appendiculata" = Barbatia (Barbatia) appendiculata Sowerby 1820 clam
rare
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea elegans" = Cubitostrea elegans
"Ostrea elegans" = Cubitostrea elegans Deshayes 1832 oyster
rare
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Crenella bonei mussel
occasional
 Mytilida -
? Semimodiola sp. clam
rare - originally entered as "Semimodiola? sp."
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
Crassatella planiuscula clam
occasional
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Venericardia carinata" = Claibornicardia carinata, "Venericardia elegans" = Cyclocardia (Arcturellina) elegans
"Venericardia carinata" = Claibornicardia carinata Sowerby 1819 clam
rare
"Venericardia elegans" = Cyclocardia (Arcturellina) elegans Lamarck 1806 clam
common
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
Caryocorbula pixidicula Deshayes 1857 clam
common
Corbula rugosella clam
abundant
"Bicorbula gallica" = Corbula (Bicorbula) gallica Lamarck 1801 clam
occasional
aff. Caestocorbula ficus n. sp. clam
"ficus sp. nov." occasional - originally entered as "Caestocorbula aff. ficus sp. nov."
 Pholadida - Teredinidae
Teredo s.l. Linnaeus 1758 clam
rare
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama sp. Linnaeus 1758 jewel box
rare - originally entered as "Charma sp."
 Cardiida - Kelliellidae
Lutetia parisiensis Deshayes 1860 clam
common
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Pitar sulcatarius" = Pitar (Calpitaria) sulcatarius
"Pitar sulcatarius" = Pitar (Calpitaria) sulcatarius Deshayes 1825 venus clam
occasional
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellinidae indet., "Tellinella sp." = Tellina (Tellinella), "cf. Macaliopsis craticula" = Arcopagia craticula, Elliptotellina sp.
Tellinidae indet. Blainville 1814 tellin clam
"gen. indet." rare - originally entered as "Tellinid gen. indet."
"Tellinella sp." = Tellina (Tellinella) Mörch 1853 tellin clam
rare
"cf. Macaliopsis craticula" = Arcopagia craticula Sowerby 1850 tellin clam
rare - originally entered as "Macaliopsis cf. craticula"
Elliptotellina sp. Cossmann 1886 tellin clam
rare
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Orthocardium porulosum" = Cardium (Orthocardium) porulosum Solander 1766 cockle
rare; Orthocardium porulosum porulosum
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
? Panopea sp. Menard 1807 clam
rare - originally entered as "?Panopea sp."
 Solenida - Solenidae
"Solena plagiaulax" = Solena (Eosolen) plagiaulax
"Solena plagiaulax" = Solena (Eosolen) plagiaulax Cossmann 1886 clam
rare
 Pandorida - Clavagellidae
"Clavagella coronata" = Stirpulina coronata
"Clavagella coronata" = Stirpulina coronata Deshayes 1824 clam
rare
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Gonimyrtea galeottiana Nyst 1843 clam
rare - originally entered as "Gonimytrea galeottiana"
"Gibbolucina gibbosula" = Gibbolucina (Gibbolucina) gibbosula Lamarck 1806 clam
occasional
Divaricellinae indet. Gilbert 1967 clam
"gen. indet." rare - originally entered as "Divaricellinae gen. indet."
"cf. Monitilora elegans" = Monitilora (Monitilora) elegans Defrance 1823 clam
common - originally entered as "Monitilora cf. elegans"
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Nuculana galeottiana Nyst 1843 pointed nut clam
occasional
Gastropoda
 Cephalaspidea - Retusidae
Volvulella radius snail
rare
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
Cylichna sp. Lovén 1846 snail
rare
 Capuloidea - Capulidae
 Vanikoroidea - Omalaxidae
Omalaxis sp. n. sp.
Omalaxis sp. n. sp. Deshayes 1832 snail
common - originally entered as "Omalaxis sp. nov."
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Euspira labellata moon snail
occasional
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Sigapatella echinulata Sowerby 1815 slipper shell
common
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
"Rissoina cochlearella" = Rissoina (Rissoina) cochlearella
"Rissoina cochlearella" = Rissoina (Rissoina) cochlearella Lamarck 1804 snail
rare
 Truncatelloidea - Tornidae
Teinostoma sp. Adams and Adams 1853 snail
rare
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Sigmesalia fasciata Lamarck 1804 turret shell
occasional
Haustator conoidea Sowerby 1814 turret shell
"conoidea var. elongata" occasional - originally entered as "Haustator conoidea var. elongata"
 Heterostropha - Ringiculidae
Ringicula sp. Deshayes 1838 snail
rare
 Heterostropha - Mathildidae
? Tuba sp. Lea 1823 snail
rare - originally entered as "Tuba? sp."
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
Brachystomia lubrica snail
occasional
cf. Odostomia turbonilloides snail
occasional - originally entered as "Odostomia cf. turbonilloides"
Odostomia sp. Fleming 1817 snail
"(s.l.) sp." rare - originally entered as "Odostomia (s.l.) sp."
"Cossmannica emarginata" = Tiberia (Cossmannica) snail
rare
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
Granosolarium sp. Sacco 1892 snail
rare
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium bartonense tusk shell
occasional
"Pseudantalis sp." = Dentalium (Pseudantilis) Monterosato 1884 tusk shell
rare
Cephalopoda
 Sepiida - Sepiidae
Belosepia sepioidea Blainville 1825 cuttlefish
occasional
Gymnolaemata
 Cheilostomata -
? Meniscopora bigibbera
rare - originally entered as "?Meniscopora bigibbera"
Chondrichthyes
 Squaliformes - Squalidae
Squalus minor Daimeries 1888 dogfish shark
rare
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatos bruxelliensis Jaekel 1894 guitarfish
occasional - originally entered as "Rhinobatus bruxelliensis"
 Rajiformes - Rhynchobatidae
Rhynchobatus vincenti Jaekel 1894 wedgefish
occasional
 Myliobatiformes - Gymnuridae
Jacqhermania duponti stingray
occasional - originally entered as "Jacquhermania duponti"
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
"Dasyatis jaekeli" = Trygon jaekeli
"Dasyatis jaekeli" = Trygon jaekeli Leriche 1906 whiptail stingray
occasional
 Myliobatiformes -
Hypolophodon sylvestris White 1931 stingray
rare
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
abundant; fragments
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus novus mako shark
occasional
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Striatolamia macrota Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
occasional
Carcharias hopei sand shark
occasional
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Physogaleus secundus Agassiz 1843 requiem shark
occasional
Scoliodon sp. Muller and Henle 1837 requiem shark
common
Abdounia minutissima requiem shark
common
Abdounia recticona requiem shark
occasional
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
"Galeorhinus lefevrei" = Pachygaleus lefevrei
"Galeorhinus lefevrei" = Pachygaleus lefevrei Daimeries 1891 hound shark
occasional
  - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus sp. Blainville 1816 shark
rare - originally entered as "Scyliorhinus spp."
Scyliorhinus gilberti Casier 1946 shark
occasional
Pisces
  -
"Pisces indet." = Osteichthyes
"Pisces indet." = Osteichthyes Huxley 1880 bony fish
common; dermal denticles
Actinopteri
 Elopiformes - Phyllodontidae
Egertonia sp. Cocchi 1866
occasional
 Ophidiiformes - Bythitidae
 Perciformes - Lutianidae
Lutianus kokeni perch-like fish
occasional
 Labriformes - Labridae
Labrus sp. Linnaeus 1758
occasional
 Gadiformes - Gadidae
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Echinoidea
  -
Echinoidea indet. Leske 1778 sea urchin
occasional; spines and fragements of test
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Turbinoliidae
Turbinolia dixoni Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
rare