Miramar Crinoid Bed, Isle of Sheppey (Eocene of the United Kingdom)

Where: England, United Kingdom (51.4° N, 0.8° E: paleocoordinates 46.9° N, 1.6° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Division B Member (London Clay Formation), Early/Lower Eocene (55.8 - 48.6 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: shale

Collection methods: Plant remains were also collected here

Primary reference: J. Cooper. 1985. An outcrop of the Miramar Crinoid Bed (Lower Eocene: London Clay, Division B) at Elmley Hills, Isle of Sheppey, Kent. Tertiary Research 7(2):45-47 [M. Patzkowsky/K. Layou/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 3260: authorized by Mark Patzkowsky, entered by Karen Layou on 28.07.1999, edited by Austin Hendy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Insecta
 Coleoptera - Curculionidae
Curculionidae indet. Latreille 1802 snout beetle
rare
Malacostraca
 Decapoda -
Decapoda indet. Latreille 1802 decapod
common
 Decapoda - Nephropidae
Hoploparia gammaroides McCoy 1849 clawed lobster
common
 Decapoda - Callianassidae
Callianassa sp. Leach 1814 decapod
frequent
 Decapoda - Macropipidae
Portunites sp. Bell 1858 crab
rare
Polychaeta
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
Bivalvia
  -
Bivalvia indet. Linnaeus 1758 clam
common
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
"Corbula globosa" = Varicorbula globosa
"Corbula globosa" = Varicorbula globosa Sowerby 1818 clam
frequent
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Abra splendens Sowerby 1837 abra
frequent
 Lucinida - Thyasiridae
Thyasira angulata clam
frequent
Thyasira goodhalli clam
rare
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula bowerbanki nut clam
frequent
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Ledina amygdaloides pointed nut clam
common
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
very common
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
? Cerithiscala sp. de Boury 1887 wentletrap
rare - originally entered as "?Cerithiscala sp."
 Cephalaspidea - Retusidae
"Cylichnina sp." = Retusa (Cylichnina)
"Cylichnina sp." = Retusa (Cylichnina) Monterasato 1884 snail
rare
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
 Neogastropoda -
Bartonia curta snail
rare
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
"Fusinidae indet." = Fusininae
"Fusinidae indet." = Fusininae Swainson 1840 snail
common
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
Cymbium sp. volute
frequent - originally entered as "Cybium sp."
 Neogastropoda - Cochlespiridae
Cochlespira gyrata Edwards 1857 snail
rare
 Neogastropoda - Borsoniidae
Bathytoma sp. Harris and Burrows 1891 snail
rare
 Stromboidea - Aporrhaidae
? Aporrhais sowerbyi snail
rare - originally entered as "?Aporrhais sowerbyi"
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Euspira glaucinoides Sowerby 1812 moon snail
common
 Architectibranchia - Acteonidae
Crenilabium elongatum Sowerby 1824 snail
rare
Tornatellaea simulata Solander 1766 snail
rare
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
"Stellaxis pulcher" = Architectonica (Stellaxis)
"Stellaxis pulcher" = Architectonica (Stellaxis) sundial
rare
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Antalis sp. Adams and Adams 1854 tusk shell
frequent
 Gadilida - Gadilidae
? Cadulus sp. Philippi 1844 tusk shell
rare - originally entered as "?Cadulus sp."
Cephalopoda
 Nautilida - Nautilidae
Simplicioceras centrale Sowerby 1812 nautiloid
rare
Chondrichthyes
 Squaliformes - Squalidae
Squalus minor Daimeries 1888 dogfish shark
rare
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina prima Winkler 1874 angel shark
rare
 Odontaspidida - Jaekelotodontidae
Hypotodus verticalis elasmobranch
frequent - originally entered as "Hyptotodus verticalis"
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
"Notorhynchus serratissimus" = Notidanus serratissimus, Hexanchus agassizi
"Notorhynchus serratissimus" = Notidanus serratissimus Agassiz 1843 cow shark
rare
Hexanchus agassizi sixgill shark
rare - originally entered as "Haxanchus agassizi"
 Lamniformes -
Isurolamna affinis mackerel shark
frequent
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Lamna inflata mackerel shark
frequent
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis winkleri, "Eugomphodus macrotus" = Carcharias, "Eugomphodus hopei" = Carcharias
Odontaspis winkleri Leriche 1905 sand tiger shark
rare
"Eugomphodus macrotus" = Carcharias sand shark
frequent
"Eugomphodus hopei" = Carcharias sand shark
frequent
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Physogaleus secundus requiem shark
frequent - originally entered as "Physogaelus secundus"
Abdounia sp. Cappetta 1980 requiem shark
frequent
 Carchariniformes -
"Galeorhinus lefevrei" = Pachygaleus lefevrei
"Galeorhinus lefevrei" = Pachygaleus lefevrei Daimeries 1891 ground shark
rare
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Galeorhinus ypresiensis school shark
rare
  - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus sp. Blainville 1816 shark
rare
 Euselachii - Mitsukurinidae
Anomotodon sheppeyensis goblin shark
rare
Actinopteri
 Teleostei -
Teleostei "indet. bones and vertebrae"
common-bones and vetrebrae
 Gadiformes -
Trichurides sp.
frequent - originally entered as "Trichiurides sp."
Crinoidea
 Bourgueticrinida - Bathycrinidae
Democrinus londinensis Sea lily
common
 Isocrinida - Isselicrinidae
Isselicrinus subbasaltiformis Sea lily
very common
Lingulata
 Lingulida - Lingulidae
Lingula tenuis Henry 1876
rare
unclassified
  -
"Metazoa "indet. burrows"" = Animalia, "Metazoa "indet. coprolites"" = Animalia
"Metazoa "indet. burrows"" = Animalia Linnaeus 1758
common-burrows
"Metazoa "indet. coprolites"" = Animalia Linnaeus 1758
frequent-coprolites, fecel pellets
Spiralella
  -
Spiralella taylori
rare - originally entered as "Spiratella taylori"