Rebielice Krolewskie (Pliocene of Poland)

Also known as Rebielice Krolewskie I Rebielice Krolewskie 1A

Where: Poland (51.0° N, 18.9° E: paleocoordinates 51.1° N, 18.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: MN 16 (3.2 - 2.6 Ma)

• Possibly younger than Weze I (1962). Assigned to mammalian zone MN 16 (Ref 9172, 1989).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; limestone and shelly/skeletal, red claystone

• fossils are embedded in dark-red weathering clay (in limestone quarry)

Primary reference: M. Mlynarski. 1962. Notes on the amphibian and reptilian fauna of the Polish Pliocene and Early Pleistocene. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 7(2):177-194 [J. Alroy/E. Leckey/E. Leckey]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 33473: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Erin Leckey on 31.07.2003, edited by Hannah O'Regan, Jason Head, Terri Cleary, John Alroy and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Pelobates cf. fuscus spadefoot toad
 Salientia - Palaeobatrachidae
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758 frog
large form
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo sp. Laurenti 1768 toad
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pangeoemydidae
Geoemyda eureia Wegner 1913 turtle
Geoemyda mossoczyi n. sp.5 Mlynarski 1964 turtle
Polish Acad Sci No. Rf. T. 2/63 (holotype), pygalpart of carapace. Unsure if this is the same specimen as G. eureia listed above
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydinae indet.1 Rafinesque 1815 turtle
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 lizard
 Squamata - Anguidae
"Ophisaurus pannonicus" = Pseudopus pannonicus
"Ophisaurus pannonicus" = Pseudopus pannonicus Kormos 1911 legless lizard
 Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphe sp. Wagler 1833 colubrid snake
Coluber robertmertensi14 Mlynarksi 1964 racer
Natricinae indet. Bonaparte 1838 colubrid snake
Natrix longivertebrata n. sp.14 Szyndlar 1984 water snake
 Squamata - Crotalidae
"Vipera ammodytes" = Vipera (Vipera) ammodytes14
"Vipera ammodytes" = Vipera (Vipera) ammodytes14 Linnaeus 1758 sand viper
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus dominans7 Eurasian field mouse
Micromys cf. praeminutus7 harvest mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciurus cf. warthae2 squirrel
P4, 2M1or2, m3
Blackia polonica2 squirrel
2p4, m1, 2m2
Tamias orlovi2 chipmunk
5m1or2, 2m3
"Cryptopterus cf. thaleri" = Miopetaurista2 squirrel
M1or2, m3, i
Pliopetaurista dehneli2 squirrel
2P4, P3-M1, 2M1or2, M1-3, M3, p4, 2m1or2, m2, 2m3
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Muscardinus pliocaenicus6 Kowalski 1963 dormouse
macillary gragments with P4-M2, M1, isolated teeth: 3m1, 1m2
Glis minor6 Kowalski 1963 dormouse
isolated teeth: 1d1, 4p4, 7m1, 7m2, 1m3, 2P4, 3M1, 2M2
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
Estramomys cf. simplex4 rodent
jaw fragment with m2, m2, 2M1or2
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Sminthozapus janossyi7 jumping mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Desmana nehringi8, "Desmana kormosi" = Galemys kormosi8
Desmana nehringi8 Kormos 1913 Russian desman
5 mandibular fragments, 5 maxillary fragments, p4-m2 jointly represented in mandibles, C-M2 in the maxillae
"Desmana kormosi" = Galemys kormosi8 Schreuder 1940 Pyrenean desman
isolated I1, P2 or P3, 2 nearly complete mandibular halves, 2 mandibular fragments and detached p4 and m1, and 29 other mandibular fragments jointly bearing p2-m2, 13 maxillary fragments with C-M1 and detached incisors
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Soricidae indet.13 Fischer 1814 shrew
fragment of mandible and teeth (form 6 and 7)
Sorex casimiri n. sp.13 long-tailed shrew
re-ID of S. cf. runtonensis in Kowalski, 1960; 1 fragmentary maxilla or detached upper tooth; 29 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Sorex polonicus n. sp.13 long-tailed shrew
10 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Sorex "sp. 2"13 Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew
2 fragments of mandibles one toothless with condyle and coronoid processes the other without processes
Sorex minutus13 Linnaeus 1766 Eurasian pygmy shrew
4 fragmentary maxillae and detached upper teeth; 47 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Sorex bor13 Reumer 1984 long-tailed shrew
1 fragmentary maxilla or detached upper tooth; 202 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Deinsdorfia hibbardi12 red-toothed shrew
3 fragmentary maxillae and detached upper teeth; 113 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Deinsdorfia cf. kordosi12 red-toothed shrew
6 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Petenyia hungarica10 Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
5 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth; 39 fragmentary maxillae and detached upper teeth
Paenelimnoecus pannonicus11 red-toothed shrew
1 fragmentary mandible and detached lower teeth
Paenelimnoecus sp.13 Baudelot 1972 red-toothed shrew
fragment of a mandible with damaged i1 and p4 with m1-m2
Blarinoides mariae9 Sulimski 1959 red-toothed shrew
205 specimens, fragmentary mandibles and maxillae with teeth
Mafia cf. csarnotensis11 red-toothed shrew
6 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
Sulimskia kretzoii11 Sulimski 1962 red-toothed shrew
1 fragmentary maxilla and detached upper teeth; 6 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth
"Blarinella europaea" = Alloblarinella europaea10 Reumer 1984 shrew
2 fragmentary mandibles and detached lower teeth; 1 fragmentary maxilla and detached upper teeth
Beremendia minor n. sp.9 shrew
fragmentary mandibles and maxillae with teeth, full set of lower teeth except i1
Beremendia fissidens9 Petényi 1864 shrew
265 specimens, fragmentary mandibles and maxillae with teeth
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Baranogale helbingi7 Kormos 1934 mustelid carnivore
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus sp.8 Linnaeus 1758 mammal
m1, m2, P4, M3, 2M2
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Croizetoceros ramosus7 Croizet and Jobert 1828 deer
scarce
Eucladoceros sp.7 Falconer 1868 deer
scarce