Öhningen (Miocene of Germany)

Also known as Oeningen, Oehningen, Öningen

Where: Baden-Württemberg, Germany (47.7° N, 8.9° E: paleocoordinates 47.9° N, 7.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Upper Freshwater Molasse Formation (Molasse Group), MN 7 + 8 (12.8 - 11.1 Ma)

• The Öhningen localities are of Middle Miocene age (MN 7+8) according to Szyndlar (1992, 1997)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine; limestone

• "limestone" (Noble 1928)

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression, adpression, trace

Reposited in the BMNH

• classic 19th century collections are presumably distributed amongst numerous museums (SMNK, PIMUZ and some smaller museums in southern Baden-Württemberg and northern Switzerland)

Primary reference: H. Tobien. 1977. Ein Gewöllrest mit Megacricetodon (Rodentia, Mammalia) aus dem Obermiozän von Öhningen (Baden-Württemberg). Berichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Freiburg im Breisgau 67:359-369 [J. Hunter/M. Hall/T. Liebrecht]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34534: authorized by John Hunter, entered by Meg Hall on 05.09.2003, edited by John Alroy, Torsten Liebrecht, Philip Mannion, Evangelos Vlachos and Terri Cleary

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• omits large numbers of insects and plants
Coluber arcuatus
Coluber arcuatus n. sp.5 von Meyer 1845
supposed type specimen of C. arcuatus, described and figured by v. Meyer (1845), now lost; figure by v. Meyer does not allow to determine whether this is a snake or just another snake-bodied vertebrate
 Teleostei -
Anguilliformes indet.5 Greenwood et al. 1966 eel
SMNK Oe 337 (formerly TE 57), labelled as the type specimen of C. arcuatus v. Meyer 1845, but is not the specimen described and figured in the first description of that taxon by von Meyer (1845)
 Caudata - Urodela
Tylototriton primigenius n. sp.3 Noble 1928 crocodile salamander
 Testudines - Trionychidae
"Trionyx teyleri n. sp." = Trionyx vindobonensis6
"Trionyx teyleri n. sp." = Trionyx vindobonensis6 Peters 1855 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
"Chelydra murchisoni n. sp." = Chelydropsis murchisoni2
"Chelydra murchisoni n. sp." = Chelydropsis murchisoni2 Bell 1836 turtle
BMNH 37204 - type
 Squamata - Anguidae
Ophisaurus holeci1 Klembara 2015 glass lizard
SMNK-PAL.8541, partially preserved skeleton
 Squamata -
Macrostomata indet.5 Ritgen 1828 snake
BMNH 42733 ("van Breda collection")
 Squamata - Colubridae
Colubridae indet.5 Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
BMNH 42734 ("van Breda collection")
Coluber owenii n. sp.5 Meyer 1844 colubrid snake
Holotype: "Exemplar der Seyfried'schen Sammlung" (SMNK te-mi 126; formerly TE 58), referred specimen: PIMUZ A/III 688
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Coluber kargii n. sp.4 von Meyer 1845 pit viper
Syntypes: PIMUZ A/III 163 + 164 (part and counterpart)
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Megacricetodon gregarius Schaub 1925 mouse
Upper M1 and M2 found as part of a rapatorial pellet
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Lagopsis verus Hensel 1856 pika
fragments found as part of a rapatorial pellet